Democrats, Republicans and Your Investment Portfolio

Someone once told me that people vote with their wallets. If that’s truly the case, then whatever a person’s political persuasion happens to be, it’s likely the one they believe best suits their financial needs. In an election year you’ll find no shortage of opinions on the impact that one party’s candidate will have on your investments. The Clinton camp will cite strong U.S. market performance during Bill’s presidency as evidence to suggest Hillary is capable of delivering similar results. Trump supporters will point to Donald’s real estate success and business acumen to demonstrate his abilities. The question on the minds of investors is: Do I need to worry if my candidate doesn’t win? 

The Markets

Financial markets are complex instruments, but the way they operate is fairly straightforward. They don’t choose which news to disseminate, they react positively or negatively to the collective body of information. Politicians will inevitably take credit when the news is favorable and deflect blame when it doesn’t support their narrative. For this reason, tying a single economic policy to market performance is an inadequate measurement of success. Even if sweeping changes in the tax code or regulatory environment take place, the impact can take years to play out. (For more, see: Will the New President Impact Your Portfolio?)

During the 2008-09 downturn, there was plenty of blame to go around. Financial institutions took most of the heat due to the irresponsible sale of mortgage backed-securities, worsened by the impact of being highly leveraged. Credit rating agencies didn’t escape responsibility when they failed to appropriately categorize the quality of these and other financial instruments.

Deregulation at the hands of politicians was not overlooked. Many felt this environment was ripened for catastrophe when Bill Clinton signed the 1999 repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which was initially designed to limit the abilities of commercial banks and investment firms from crossing over into each other’s businesses. Decades earlier some could point to the relaxing of lending standards through the 1977 Community Reinvestment Act, which was meant to encourage commercial banks to help meet the needs of borrowers with moderate to low incomes.

The simple truth is too many variables exist to attach responsibility to one political party or another because market expansions and recessions are never the result of a single decision. The one major agreement is there is no agreement. (For related reading, see: Will the Market Determine the Next U.S. President?)

Silver Lining for Investors No Matter Your Candidate

History has shown that if we look back to 1948, the likelihood of seeing four years of negative market returns is far off. In fact, it’s only happened twice. (Nixon and Bush senior). During both periods, the U.S. economy was in a severe recession and as demonstrated above it would be tough to tie either administration’s specific economic policies to the returns of the S&P 500.   

By and large, presidents have no control over financial markets. If any term comes to mind that’s indicative of a president's impact it would likely be “victim of circumstance.” The collective history of markets is the most important thing to focus on. Since 1948 the S&P 500 has averaged double digit annualized returns. The vast majority of investors have retirement goals that extend far past four or eight years of a presidential administration that they don’t favor. The good news is, regardless of the applause or blame for economic conditions under any president, they only get to stick around for so long. (For more, see: Don't Worry About Your Portfolio This Election.)