Should I pay off my mortgage or use my liquid cash to invest?

I am wondering if I should use my liquid cash to pay off my mortgage, or would I be in a better position if I invested? I am currently $200,000 in debt at 4.05% and am in my 28th year of a 30 year mortgage.

Debt, Investing, Real Estate
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2 weeks ago
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The key to your question here is to understand how Amortization works. For a fixed 30-year mortgage, your mortgage payment consists of both interest payment and principal payment every month. Even though the total monthly payment amount is the same, the portion of the interest and principal payment are different each month. In general, the portion of the interest payment is the largest in the first month and then keeps decreasing over time. On the other hand, the portion of your principal payment is the smallest in the first month and then keeps increasing over time. There are many amortization calculators like this online. You could simply put your information in and find out how much interest you are currently paying from the amortization schedule.

The point here is that since you are in the 28th year of a 30 year mortgage, the interest portion of your monthly payment should be really small. The majority part of your payment now is paying back your principle. In other words, you should use your actual interest payment rather than the 4.05% interest rate when you compare it to other investments.

It is very hard to give you a definite answer without knowing your overall financial situation like income, expenses, other investments, and debts, etc. Based on the limited information here, you are probably better off to keep paying the regular mortgage payment and invest the additional cash into a well-diversified portfolio based on your risk tolerance and investment objectives. In addition, even though paying off the mortgage may not make sense from the financial perspective, you may feel a lot better emotionally when you are finally free of debts. You should make your decision based on your specific situation. And don't forget to keep enough money in your emergency fund. Hope it helps. 

 

 

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