Economics Articles

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  1. Inflation's Impact on Stock Returns

    Learn about the impact inflation can have on stock returns. Find information on what types of stocks perform during times ...
  2. The Birth of Stock Exchanges

    Learn about the evolution of stock exchanges, from the Venetian states to the British coffeehouses, and finally to the NYSE.
  3. Digging Deeper Into Bull And Bear Markets

    Discover why it's important to know the characteristics of bull and bear markets, the two types of market conditions.
  4. Star Wars: The Economics Of The Galactic Empire

    The Galactic Empire in Star Wars wasn't always so powerful. Intergalactic businesses were always at loggerheads with intergalactic ...
  5. The American Consumer and What’s Left of the Recovery

    Consumers have begun to run ahead of themselves, threatening the recovery’s durability.
  6. Why the 10-Year U.S. Treasury Yield Matters

    10-year treasury bond yields are important indicators of the economy as a whole.
  7. How Inflation Rates Impact Your Retirement Savings

    Understanding the risks and likely rate of inflation can help investors craft a strategically, well-diversified retirement ...
  8. What Do the Federal Reserve Banks Do?

    These 12 regional banks are involved with four general tasks: formulate monetary policy, supervise financial institutions, ...
  9. 9 Common Effects of Inflation

    Is inflation ever good? If you like your job it is.
  10. The Consumer Price Index: A Friend To Investors

    As a measure of inflation, this index can help you make key financial decisions.
  11. How to Understand a Stock Quote

    Trading stocks is a popular way to invest money. Learn the details of a quote and what its information suggests, including ...
  12. China Owns US Debt, but How Much?

    See how much U.S. debt is actually owned by the Chinese, what it means to the economy, and why China is willing to lend so ...
  13. 10 Countries that Produce the Most Silver

    Silver is used in a variety of applications, from jewelry and mirrors to electronics and circuits.
  14. The Basics of Tariffs And Trade Barriers

    Everything you need to know about trade barriers and tariffs and their effects on the local economy.
  15. A New Approach to ESG Scoring

    A recently published study sets a new framework by which investors can evaluate companies' Environmental, Social and Governance ...
  16. Cost-Push Inflation Versus Demand-Pull Inflation

    Gain a deeper understanding of aggregate supply and demand, forces which raise the price of goods and services.
  17. What Is Purchasing Power Parity (PPP)?

    Purchasing power parity (PPP) is an economic theory that compares different countries' currencies through a "basket of goods" ...
  18. Industries That Thrive on Recession

    Where to turn when investing in a bear market.
  19. How and Why Companies Become Monopolies

    Without competition, monopolies can raise prices and lower quality, leaving consumers little choice. But monopolies can benefit ...
  20. Advanced Game Theory Strategies for Decision-Making

    Game theory can be used in a number of fields, including business, finance, economics, political science and psychology.
  21. Twin Deficits: Twice the Fun for the U.S

    The U.S. has been running both fiscal and current account deficits for years, but what does that mean?
  22. What the National Debt Means to You

    The U.S. deficit seems to grow every year. But how does it actually affect you?
  23. How Education and Training Affect the Economy

    Education and training benefit not only the worker, but also the employer and the country as a whole.
  24. The Top Sites for the Latest Stock Market News

    News drives the markets for short term price movements. Which websites offer timely, accurate and reliable access to news ...
  25. Who Is Mario Draghi?

    Mario Draghi is an Italian economist who is the president of the European Central Bank (term: 2011-2019).
  26. The Impact of a Fed Interest Rate Hike

    The Federal Reserve recently raised benchmark interest rates. With so much attention on the Fed's policy, here's what happens ...
  27. Fed Watching Basketball-style: Point-Spreads or Teamwork?

    Investors who are also passionate about basketball as a sport want to know how Fed “Coach” Powell and team will make decisions. ...
  28. How the Federal Reserve Manages Money Supply

    Find out how the Federal Reserve manages bank reserves and how this contributes to a stable economy.
  29. Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac And The Credit Crisis Of 2008

    Ten years ago today, regulators eased capital requirements for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, allowing them to buy up to $2 ...
  30. Trump's Steel and Aluminum Tariffs: What You Need to Know

    A look at key issues regarding the latest import tariffs on steel and aluminium announced by President Trump
  31. The Basics Of Game Theory

    Take an introductory look at game theory and the terms involved, and get familiar with backwards induction, a simple method ...
  32. Market Corrections: Preparing for the Inevitable

    Market downturns are inevitable. Here's how to navigate them.
  33. How To Read The Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index

    The Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index has provided a key leading indicator for investors and economists for decades. This ...
  34. How to Prepare Emotionally for a Market Correction

    Preparing emotionally for a market correction is more important than knowing when it's going to happen.
  35. Okun's Law: Economic Growth And Unemployment

    Unemployment and economic growth? Learn about Okun's law, why it is important and how it has stood the test of time.
  36. A Look at Fiscal and Monetary Policy

    There's a debate over which policy is better for the economy, monetary policy or fiscal policy. Find out which side of the ...
  37. The Financial Effects of a Natural Disaster

    We're all subject to Mother Nature's whims. Learn how the damage caused by natural disasters can have far-reaching effects ...
  38. What Is Market Efficiency?

    The efficient market hypothesis (EMH) suggests that stock prices fully reflect all available information in the market. Is ...
  39. Blue Collar vs. White Collar: Different Social Classes?

    Learn about the terms "blue collar" and "white collar," the connotation each carries for social class and type of labor performed, ...
  40. Understand the Different Types of Inflation

    Inflation may seem like a straightforward concept, but it is more complex than it appears. We examine its varieties and causes.
  41. How the Great Inflation of the 1970s Happened

    In the 1970s, moves meant to prevent unemployment instead did the opposite, rocketing inflation and creating one of the worst ...
  42. When Will the Recovery End?

    The U.S. economy is running out of the capacity to sustain growth. Two measures are especially revealing in this regard: ...
  43. Fiscal Policy vs. Monetary Policy: Pros & Cons

    When it comes to influencing macroeconomic outcomes, governments have typically relied on one of two courses of action: monetary ...
  44. How to Calculate the GDP of a Country

    The GDP of a country can be calculated using two different approaches.
  45. What are the Federal Reserve Chairman's responsibilities?

    Learn about the duties and responsibilities of the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, including testifying before Congress ...
  46. Does High GDP Mean Economic Prosperity?

    GDP is the typical indicator used to measure a country's economic health. Find out what it fails to reveal and how GPI can ...
  47. How Airbnb Makes Money

    Companies like Airbnb have taken advantage of technological innovations to create platforms that connect individuals to exchange ...
  48. The Taylor Rule: An Economic Model for Monetary Policy

    This interest rate forecasting model by John Taylor has helped central banks around the world adjust their rates to balance ...
  49. How Governments Influence Markets

    The government, the biggest influence in the markets today, can create some unintended consequences.
  50. Investing: Understanding a Sideways Market

    The market constantly moves in three directions, not just up or down.
  51. Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  52. How Currency Works

    Currency offers key advantages over economies based on direct trade, including a broader market for sellers' goods and services ...
  53. Can Infrastructure Spending Really Stimulate the Economy?

    Public infrastructure spending rarely stimulates long-term positive growth for the economy, even in times of recession...
  54. NAFTA's Winners And Losers

    Trump campaigned on a promise to renegotiate NAFTA. The U.S., Mexico and Canada have been in talks since August.
  55. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): The Basics

    LLPs are a flexible, legal and tax entity that allows partners to benefit from economies of scale while also reducing their ...
  56. The Upside of Deflation

    Deflation has continued to pop up throughout economic history—but is that such a bad thing?
  57. The Prisoner’s Dilemma in Business and the Economy

    The prisoner’s dilemma provides a framework for understanding how to strike a balance between cooperation and competition.
  58. What Is the World Bank?

    You've heard of the World Bank, now find out how it functions and why some groups oppose it.
  59. 5 Economic Effects Of Country Liberalization

    Liberalization of countries in emerging markets provides new opportunities for investors to increase their diversification ...
  60. The History of Economic Thought

    Economics is a vital part of every day life. Discover the major players who shaped its development.
  61. 3 Ways to Tell If Your Stock Has Bottomed

    No one can call stock bottoms with absolute certainty, but there are some common trends that appear when stocks are about ...
  62. The Austrian School of Economics

    If you think economists are only concerned with numbers, check out the Austrian school, which thinks more like economic philosophers. ...
  63. Earnings Forecasts: A Primer

    Learn how this key metric is calculated and how it is used to judge market performance.
  64. 8 Threats to the Market in 2018

    Being aware of the threats to the market can help investors prepare for the next correction and the possibility of an economic ...
  65. Like Most Investment Tools, Index Funds Aren't Perfect

    Index funds are a great way to start investing in the stock market, but they aren't perfect. Here's why.
  66. How Corruption Affects Emerging Economies

    Corruption results in inefficiencies in the operations of emerging economies and prevents such economies from reaching the ...
  67. Deadly Flaws in Major Market Indicators

    These indicators give investors and experts some data to work with, but they're far from perfect.
  68. Recessions and Depressions Aren't So Bad

    Downturns like depressions and recessions are a natural part of the economic cycle and can actually provide some benefits.
  69. Exploring the Current Account in the Balance of Payments

    Learn how a country's current account balance reflects the country's economic health.
  70. Will North and South Korea Ever Reunite?

    North and South Korea have been divided for over six decades. Some analysts think the two countries could reunify within ...
  71. Understanding Small- And Big-Cap Stocks

    If you don't realize how big small-cap stocks can be, you'll miss some good investment opportunities.
  72. How The Unemployment Rate Affects Everybody

    Depending on how it's measured, the unemployment rate is open to interpretation. Learn how to find the real rate and how ...
  73. 4 Factors That Shape Market Trends

    Discover the four major factors that shape market trends: Government, international transactions, speculation/expectation, ...
  74. Understanding the Consumer Confidence Index

    Consumer confidence index is an important economic indicator for investors. Find out what it means and how it's calculated. ...
  75. What is the Quantity Theory of Money?

    Take a look at the tenets, assumptions and challenges of monetarism's principal theory, the quantity theory of money.
  76. A History Of U.S. Monopolies

    These monoliths helped develop the economy and infrastructure at the expense of competition.
  77. What Is The Balance Of Payments?

    The balance of payments helps countries to track how much money is coming in and how much money is going out.
  78. An Introduction to Stock Market Indices

    Lear more about the five most talked about stock indices and what makes them all different.
  79. The Five Biggest Stock Market Myths

    Stocks that go down must come up, right? Wrong. We bust this myth and four other common market misconceptions.
  80. What Are Economies Of Scale?

    Is bigger always better? Read up on the important and often misunderstood concept of economies of scale.
  81. Forces Behind Interest Rates

    Get a deeper understanding of the importance of interest rates and what makes them change.
  82. Interesting Facts About Imports and Exports

    Learn how imports and exports exert a profound influence on the consumer and the economy.
  83. What Is International Trade?

    Everyone's talking about globalization, learn what is it and why some oppose it.
  84. Introduction to Supply and Demand

    Learn about one of the most fundamental concepts of economics - supply and demand - and how it relates to your daily purchases. ...
  85. Business Model Analysis: Costco Vs. Sam's Club (WMT, TGT)

    Costco and Sam’s Club have very similar business models, but which one is faring better?
  86. What is Fiscal Policy?

    Learn how governments adjust taxes and spending to moderate the economy, also known as fiscal policy.
  87. The Economics of Labor Mobility

    Loosening labor restrictions, which allows for geographic and occupational mobility, has both good and bad effects on a country ...
  88. IMF, WTO and World Bank: How Do They Differ?

    Understand what IMF, WTO and the World Bank are, how they differ, and why some people question their motives.
  89. What is Money?

    Money: It's a part of everyone's life, and we all want it, but what is it, how does it gain value, and how it was created?
  90. How Fed Rate Increases Impact Investors

    Investors who understand the impact of rising interest rates can make more informed decisions.
  91. As Boomers Slow Down, Will the Economy Follow?

    Many baby boomers are working past 65, yet as they retire, the effects could be profound.
  92. Why Fear Can Be Healthy for Investors

    As markets continue to hit record highs, a lack of fear could result in investors making bad decisions.
  93. A Guide To Returning Christmas Gifts

    The Christmas season can be stressful, but returning unwanted gifts can be even more stressful. Here are some tips to help ...
  94. Who Will Disrupt the Insurance Industry in 2018?

    Fintech startups are training their sights on the insurance industry this year. Here are top players in the field.
  95. Will the Relative Market Calm of 2017 Continue?

    2017 was a fairly calm year for the stock market, with continued gains and no interim dips or corrections. Will it continue?
  96. The Frosty, Festive World Of Investing

    From Santa Claus rallies to evergreen loans, Wall Street can be a veritable winter wonderland for investors.
  97. Ancient Accounting Systems

    See how ancient accounting evolved to keep records of increasingly complex transactions.
  98. Potential Impact of Fed’s Balance Sheet Reduction

    The Fed has started to unwind its balance sheet. Here's what that means and the potential impact.
  99. Stagflation, 1970s Style

    Find out how Milton Friedman's monetarist theory helped bring the U.S. out of the economic doldrums.
  100. The Fed's Concerns

    Wall Street traders have voiced doubts about the Fed’s intentions. On the one hand, they note how the minutes of the last ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. Price-Earnings Ratio - P/E Ratio

    The Price-to-Earnings Ratio or P/E ratio is a ratio for valuing a company that measures its current share price relative ...
  2. Internal Rate of Return - IRR

    Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is a metric used in capital budgeting to estimate the profitability of potential investments.
  3. Limit Order

    An order placed with a brokerage to buy or sell a set number of shares at a specified price or better.
  4. Current Ratio

    The current ratio is a liquidity ratio that measures a company's ability to pay short-term and long-term obligations.
  5. Return on Investment (ROI)

    Return on Investment (ROI) is a performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or compare the efficiency ...
  6. Interest Coverage Ratio

    The interest coverage ratio is a debt ratio and profitability ratio used to determine how easily a company can pay interest ...
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