What does it mean to “invest” in the Iraqi dinar? In simple terms, it’s the same as investing in any other currency. You purchase a certain amount of Iraqi dinar (IQD) by paying the equivalent amount of U.S. dollars (USD).
As with buying stocks, bonds, or other currency, when investing, you purchase dinar at a given price and then expect the price to rise. The real question, though, is not just can you invest in this particular currency, but should you? While Iraqi dinars could be useful to those living in or near Iraq, there are many reasons not to invest in this currency.
- The Iraqi dinar is the currency of Iraq and can be exchanged for U.S. dollars.
- Hopes that Iraq’s economy can recover from civil and regional wars have led to some speculation that the Iraqi dinar can increase in value against the dollar.
- However, major banks and brokers do not offer trading of the IQD/USD pair, and transactions are placed through money exchanges, which charge hefty fees.
- The value of the Iraqi dinar is set by the Iraqi government.
- Iraq’s currency faces many challenges and much uncertainty in both the short and long runs.
Understanding the Iraqi Dinar
Following the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the economy of Iraq languished due to United Nations sanctions and official corruption. As the government of Saddam Hussein struggled to contain inflation and speculation, the Iraqi dinar fell from its prewar value of $3 to less than a penny in 1993. By 1994, the inflation rate reached more than 448%.
When the U.S.-led coalition overthrew the Iraqi government in 2003, the old dinars continued to circulate until the interim government launched a new currency the following year. New dinar notes were printed in the United Kingdom and exchanged at par value for Saddam dinars.
The fact that the new government was supported by several global powers raised hopes that the Iraqi economy would soon turn for the better, especially after the economic isolation that the country suffered through the 1990s. By 2007, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) wrote approvingly of the Iraqi government’s anti-inflation measures, noting that “the Central Bank of Iraq raised its policy interest rates sharply and allowed a gradual appreciation of the dinar.”
As the Iraqi economy began to recover, many speculators began to buy large amounts of Iraqi dinars, expecting the currency to continue to rise. Some pointed to the rise of the Kuwaiti dinar after the Gulf War as evidence that the Iraqi dinar could experience similar success. At the same time, several U.S. regulators warned of scammers selling dinar “investments” for inflated rates and fees.
In late 2020, the Iraqi government announced a devaluation of more than 20% of the Iraqi dinar, to make up for a shortfall in liquidity. The act resulted in public protests in a country that was already struggling due to the worldwide coronavirus pandemic.
The Iraqi dinar does not trade on the global forex market. This means that the only way to “invest” in dinars is through high-fee money changers or the black market.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Investing in the Iraqi Dinar
There are some reasons to be optimistic about the future of the Iraqi economy. With Iraq having 11.7% of the world’s oil reserve, it has the potential to spring back and establish itself as a stable economy. That will require a peaceful, promising business atmosphere to establish investor confidence and revive its economy.
But that does not necessarily mean that buying dinars is the best way to bet on the Iraqi economy. For one thing, the Iraqi dinar does not float freely: The exchange rate is fixed by the central bank, meaning that the currency is unlikely to experience any rapid changes in value. In contrast, a more traditional investment vehicle—like Iraqi stocks—could offer returns even if the value of the dinar remains unchanged.
Moreover, legitimate trading volume is extremely low; the IQD is not traded on the global forex market, and only a handful of Middle Eastern banks are willing to trade in it. If you have to buy Iraqi dinars, you can buy them only at select money exchangers, who may or may not be legally registered. These brokers may charge up to 20%, for such transactions, eroding the profit potential even for short-term trading.
But perhaps the largest concern is the number of scams and frauds concerning the Iraqi dinar. Several U.S. state regulators, as far back as 2011, have warned about currency “brokers” promising high returns, while charging hefty fees for hard-to-sell dinars. This scam proved particularly popular after the 2016 elections, amid rumors that then-President Donald Trump would somehow cause the Iraqi currency to soar. (The Iraqi dinar reached its highest value against the U.S. dollar in January 2016. At that time, the dinar was trading at about 1,090 dinars per US$1.)
Pros & Cons of Iraqi Dinar Investment
Iraq has large oil reserves that could support economic growth.
For those living or working in Iraq, buying dinars could be a suitable investment.
The IQD has very little legitimate trading volume.
The IQD exchange rate is fixed by the Central Bank of Iraq and does not float with the market.
Many scammers have offered overpriced IQD “investment packages” to speculators abroad.
IQD does not trade on global forex markets, meaning that the only way to buy it is through high-fee money exchanges or certain banks in the Middle East.
How much is the Iraqi dinar worth?
One U.S. dollar (USD) was worth 1,458 Iraqi dinars (IQD), as of Aug. 2, 2022.
When will the Iraqi dinar revalue?
The value of the Iraqi dinar is unlikely to change before 2026. In March 2021, a spokesman for the Central Bank of Iraq announced that the currency would remain fixed for the next four years. Later that year, another government official confirmed that the exchange rate had been established in government budgets.
Who sets the IQD exchange rate?
The value of the Iraqi dinar is fixed by the Iraqi government and does not change, unless the central bank changes the exchange rate. This means that the government decrees the price for sale and purchase of the currency.
The Bottom Line
How Iraq, its economy, and hence the forex rate, develop over the long term is a continuing, uncertain bet. If you hold Iraqi dinars and do not live in or near the Middle East, the currency is difficult to trade and cannot earn interest. Although it is possible that the dinar could rise in the distant future, there are many other investments with lower risks and higher rewards. When Iraq’s very survival is at stake, currency revaluation is unlikely to be on the agenda.
In addition, trading forex currencies is always risky, as external factors at international levels are difficult to control or predict. Unless they are trading on regulated markets or through regulated agents, traders and investors should use extreme caution when trading the Iraqi dinar or similar currencies.