Fundamental Analysis Articles

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  1. The Basics Of Business Forecasting

    Discover the methods behind financial forecasts and the risks inherent when we seek to predict the future.
  2. The 5 Types Of Earnings Per Share

    A look at the five varieties of Earnings Per Share (EPS) and what each represents can help an investor determine whether ...
  3. Evaluating The Board Of Directors

    Corporate structure can tell you a lot about a company's potential. Learn more here.
  4. Impairment Charges: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly

    Impairment charge is a term for writing off worthless goodwill, but you need to know what its potential impact is on EPS. ...
  5. ROA And ROE Give Clear Picture Of Corporate Health

    Both measure performance, but sometimes they tell a very different story. This is why they’re best used together.
  6. Top 3 Pitfalls Of Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

    The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method can be difficult to apply to real-life valuations. Find out where it comes up short. ...
  7. How To Use Gross National Product As An Indicator

    Learn what the GNP truly represents, and how its misuse can manipulate the facts.
  8. Find The Right Fit With Probability Distributions

    Discover a few of the most popular probability distributions and how to calculate them.
  9. How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers made contributions to financial theory that crossed over into many aspects ...
  10. Understanding Capital And Financial Accounts In The Balance Of Payments

    The current, capital and financial accounts compose a nation's balance of payments, indicating the state of its economy and ...
  11. The Top 3 Exxon Mobil Shareholders

    Learn about the three largest individual shareholders of Exxon Mobil stock, Rex Tillerson, and the largest institutional ...
  12. An Introduction To Small Cap Stocks

    When it comes to a company's size, bigger isn't always better for investors. Here is an introduction to small cap stocks.
  13. A Simplified Approach To Calculating Volatility

    Though most investors use standard deviation to determine volatility, there's an easier and more accurate way of doing it: ...
  14. A Clear Look At EBITDA

    This measure has its benefits, but it can also present earnings through rose-colored glasses.
  15. The Essentials Of Corporate Cash Flow

    Tune out the accounting noise and see whether a company is generating the stuff it needs to sustain itself.
  16. The Impact Of Combining The U.S. GAAP And IFRS

    The convergence of accounting standards is changing the attitudes of CPAs and CFOs toward harmonization of international ...
  17. Biggest Merger and Acquisition Disasters

    Find out which companies collapsed after merging.
  18. The Dirt On Delisted Stocks

    Listed securities are "the cream of the crop." Find out how a firm can lose that status and why you should be wary.
  19. Hypothesis Testing in Finance: Concept & Examples

    When you're indecisive about an investment, the best way to keep a cool head might be test various hypotheses using the most ...
  20. Spotting Companies In Financial Distress

    What are the warning signs that a company is struggling - or worse, sinking - financially? Read on to find out.
  21. Calculating The Equity Risk Premium

    See the model in action with real data and evaluate whether its assumptions are valid. Here is how to calculate the equity ...
  22. How An IPO Is Valued

    The initial valuation of an IPO can determine the success or failure of a specific stock - but how is that price determined? ...
  23. Mergers And Acquisitions: Understanding Takeovers

    In the language of mergers and acqusitions, battleground terms meld with bizarre metaphors to create a unique vocabulary.
  24. The Pitfalls of Porter's 5 Forces

    Porter's five forces are a staple of business schools everywhere, but there are some common pitfalls you should watch out ...
  25. Understanding Japanese Keiretsu

    The structure of major companies in Japan is steeped in tradition and relationships.
  26. How to Value Companies With Negative Earnings

    For some investors, the possibility of stumbling upon a small biotech with a potential blockbuster drug, or a junior miner ...
  27. Evaluating Executive Compensation

    Learn about the different types of CEO compensation, where you can find this information, and how it can affect your investments. ...
  28. The Importance Of Knowing Your Net Worth

    It is vital that you track your net worth (the difference between what you own and what you owe), no matter what your age. ...
  29. Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Financing Activities

    The financing activity in the cash flow statement measures the flow of cash between a firm and its owners and creditors.
  30. Impact of Share Repurchases

    Share repurchases can have a significant positive impact on an investor’s portfolio and are a great way to build investor ...
  31. Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Investing Activities

    An overview of cash flow from investing activities, one of three primary categories in the statement of cash flows.
  32. How To Calculate Goodwill

    Goodwill is an intangible, but it is still possible to effectively calculate or estimate it for a company.
  33. How Mergers and Acquisitions Can Affect A Company

    M&A can have a profound effect on a company’s growth prospects and outlook, but with a significant degree of risk.
  34. Stochastics: An Accurate Buy And Sell Indicator

    Find out how stochastics are used to create buy and sell signals for traders.
  35. Market Reversals And How To Spot Them

    The sushi-roll indicator may help lower the risk of trying to pick market tops and bottoms.
  36. Momentum And The Relative Strength Index

    These two indicators can give the trader a better understanding of when to get in and out of an issue.
  37. Profiting From The Bollinger Squeeze

    Learn how Bollinger's "Squeeze" can help you determine breakout direction.
  38. How To Use The Dividend Capture Strategy

    Learn how to implement the dividend capture strategy, an aggressive, income-focused stock trading strategy investors can ...
  39. Measuring Company Efficiency

    Three useful indicators for measuring a retail company's efficiency are its inventory turnaround times, its receivables and ...
  40. Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

    The Price-To-Book (P/B) ratio can be an easy way to determine a company's value, but it isn't magic!
  41. International Financial Reporting Standards

    Learn about the purpose of the IFRS, as well as its benefits, goals and fundamental difference from the U.S. GAAP.
  42. Discount Broker

    A stockbroker who carries out buy and sell orders at a reduced commission compared to a full-service broker, but provides ...
  43. Hamburger Economics: The Big Mac Index

    In theory, PPP stands up much better than it does in reality. Find out how to evaluate currencies according to the price ...
  44. Cash Flow Statement: Reviewing The Cash Flow From Operations

    Discover why cash flow from operating activities is significant to businesses, and learn the direct and indirect methods ...
  45. The Basics Of A Financial Analysis Report

    An overview of the major sections to consider when writing a financial analysis report on a company.
  46. Free Cash Flow Yield: The Best Fundamental Indicator

    Cash in the bank is what every company strives to achieve. Find out how to determine how much a company is generating and ...
  47. Understanding Profit Metrics: Gross, Operating and Net Profits

    Rather than relying solely on a company's net profit figures, seasoned investors will often look at gross profit and operating ...
  48. How Risk Free Is the Risk-Free Rate of Return?

    This rate is rarely questioned—unless the economy falls into disarray.
  49. Equity Valuation: The Comparables Approach

    The main purpose of equity valuation is to estimate a value for a firm or security. The comparable model is a relative valuation ...
  50. Explaining Amortization In The Balance Sheet

    Read to find out more about amortization, an important way to account for the value of intangible assets.
  51. Goodwill vs Other Intangible Assets: What's the Difference?

    "Intangible" assets don't possess physical substance. Yet they are quanitfiable, and of great importance to any business. ...
  52. Understanding Analyst Ratings

    Discover whether analyst recommendations are really worth listening to.
  53. The Top 4 J.C. Penney Shareholders

    Discover J.C. Penney 's top four direct shareholders.
  54. Lognormal and Normal Distribution

    When and why do you use lognormal distribution or normal distribution for analyzing securities? Lognormal for stocks, normal ...
  55. Celgene's 3 Key Financial Ratios (CELG)

    Learn about Celgene Corporation and its key financial ratios, such as the debt-to-equity (D/E) ratio, operating margin and ...
  56. Compound Annual Growth Rate: What You Should Know

    The Compound Annual Growth Rate, known as CAGR, is a good and valuable tool to evaluate investment returns, however it does ...
  57. The Top 4 General Electric Shareholders (GE)

    Here are the top shareholders of General Electric.
  58. The Top 3 Netflix Shareholders (NFLX)

    Discover the top three owners of Netflix shares, and learn how the 30-person startup grew into a global streaming network ...
  59. The Top 5 Rite Aid Shareholders

    Learn about the top five major direct shareholders of Rite Aid Corporation, and learn about these shareholders' positions ...
  60. Starbucks As An Example Of The Value Chain Model

    Management consulting guru Micahel Porter developed the value chain model in 1985; here's how it works, using a well-known ...
  61. 6 Terms To Warm The Coldest Wall Street Heart

    There is plenty of love on Wall Street, even if it's all just words.
  62. Determining Risk And The Risk Pyramid

    Many investors do not understand how to determine the risk level their individual portfolios should bear.
  63. The Top General Motors Shareholders (GM)

    Discover General Motors’ top three direct shareholders. Learn about how many shares they hold and obtain a brief description ...
  64. The Top Tesla Shareholders

    Discover the largest single shareholders of Tesla Motors, and learn about their backgrounds and how much their shares are ...
  65. Declarations, Ex-Dividends and Record Dates

    Understanding the dates of the dividend payout process can be tricky. We clear up the confusion.
  66. How Does PepsiCo Make Money? (PEP)

    A look at how snack and beverage behemoth PepsiCo operates and its key regional markets and products.
  67. Grasp the Accounting of Private Equity Funds

    Read about private equity accounting and how it is different than that of other investment vehicles. The nature of private ...
  68. 5 Most-Valuable NFL Franchises

    What is the most valuable franchise in the NFL? Are any other franchises close to the top dog? Where does your favorite team ...
  69. The Top 3 Chevron Shareholders

    Learn about the major shareholders, including individuals, institutional investors and mutual funds, of Chevron Corporation ...
  70. How The NFL Makes Money (GME, HRL)

    The National Football League is the most successful sports league in the world. How does the NFL make money, and what is ...
  71. Analyzing Porter's Five Forces on Apple (AAPL)

    Evaluate Apple's position in the marketplace by looking at it through the perspective of the Porter Five Forces Model for ...
  72. 3 Ways Immigration Helps And Hurts The Economy

    Immigration can be a touchy subject, but here's the economic point of view.
  73. Who Are America's Seven Richest Senators?

    An overview of the seven wealthiest members of the US Senate, and how they made their fortunes.
  74. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Retail Banks

    Learn about key financial metrics that investors use to evaluate retail banks, and how the industry is fundamentally different ...
  75. 10 Ways to Improve Cash Flow

    Cash flow is king. Here are a few ways to fatten it up.
  76. Understanding Periodic vs. Perpetual Inventory

    An overview of the two primary inventory accounting systems.
  77. How to Analyze a Company's Financial Position

    Find out how to calculate important ratios and compare them to market value.
  78. Free Cash Flow vs EBITDA: Which Should You Analyze

    FCF and EBITDA are two ways of looking at the earnings of a business. EBITDA might be better for comparison purposes, while ...
  79. Cashing In on Corporate Restructuring

    Companies use M&As and spinoffs to boost profits. Learn how you can do the same.
  80. 12 Things You Need to Know About Financial Statements

    Discover how to keep score of companies to increase your chances of choosing a winner.
  81. What Should You Do With Your Christmas Bonus?

    Should you spend your Christmas bonus or save it? Here are a few ideas for what to do with that little extra something in ...
  82. Understanding Liquidity Risk

    Make sure that your trades are safe by learning how to measure the liquidity risk.
  83. Why Do Companies Care About Their Stock Prices?

    Find out how a company's stock price reflects its value to internal and external shareholders.
  84. The Advantages And Disadvantages Of The CAPM Model

    CAPM, while criticized for its unrealistic assumptions, provides a more useful outcome than either the DDM or WACC in many ...
  85. 10 Common Finance Terms Every Newbie Needs To Know

    In order to get a better understanding of what you read in markets news, we’ll briefly explore the terms you commonly encounter.
  86. Dish Network's 3 Key Financial Ratios (DISH)

    Understand why some key financial ratios for Dish Network are universally worse than its peers' and the industry average ...
  87. The Top 4 Starbucks Shareholders (SBUX)

    Howard Schultz may have stepped down as CEO, but he remains one of the coffee juggernaut's largest shareholders--for now. ...
  88. The Top 5 Microsoft Shareholders (MSFT)

    The largest individual holders of Microsoft shares remain the company's founders and top management.
  89. The Top 3 American Airlines Shareholders (AAL)

    Find out about the major individual, institutional and mutual fund shareholders of American Airlines Group Inc.
  90. The Top Four Alibaba Shareholders in 2016 (BABA)

    Alibaba has been rocketing upwards this year, and the major shareholders have held steady. Here are the top four.
  91. The Top 4 Yelp Shareholders (YELP)

    Read about the top major direct holders of Yelp Inc., and learn about the backgrounds of these shareholders and the numbers ...
  92. The Top 5 British Petroleum Shareholders (BP)

    Discover the five largest shareholders of British Petroleum stock, who are all investment management firms with billions ...
  93. What Is a Cash Flow Statement?

    Learn how the CFS relates to the balance sheet and income statement as a part of a company's financial reports.
  94. Reading the Balance Sheet

    Learn about the components of the statement of financial position and how they relate to each other.
  95. Understanding the Income Statement

    The best way to analyze a company - and figure out if it's worth investing in - is to know how to dissect its income statement. ...
  96. Understanding Financial Liquidity

    Understanding how this measure works in the market can help keep your finances afloat.
  97. How to Calculate Required Rate of Return

    The required rate of return is used by investors and corporations to evaluate investments. Find out how to calculate it. ...
  98. FYI on ROI: A Guide to Calculating Return on Investment

    Return on investment is a simple equation that can give you an edge when fine-tuning your portfolio - here's how to use it. ...
  99. Learn Simple and Compound Interest

    Interest is defined as the cost of borrowing money, and depending on how it is calculated, it can be classified as simple ...
  100. The Top 4 Nike Shareholders (NKE)

    Learn about the history of Nike Inc. and the top five individual shareholders who continue to benefit from the company's ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. Federal Funds Rate

    The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds maintained at the Federal Reserve ...
  2. Call Option

    An agreement that gives an investor the right (but not the obligation) to buy a stock, bond, commodity, or other instrument ...
  3. Standard Deviation

    A measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean, calculated as the square root of the variance. The more spread ...
  4. Entrepreneur

    An entrepreneur is an individual who founds and runs a small business and assumes all the risk and reward of the venture.
  5. Money Market

    The money market is a segment of the financial market in which financial instruments with high liquidity and very short maturities ...
  6. Perfect Competition

    Pure or perfect competition is a theoretical market structure in which a number of criteria such as perfect information and ...
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