Sean Michael Spicer was the White House press secretary and communications director for President Donald Trump. Spicer was appointed to the press secretary position on December 22, 2016 and was selected as communications director two days later when Jason Miller, Trump's former spokesman, rejected the post. Previously, Spicer served as the communications director for the Republican National Committee (RNC) for six years and became the chief strategist from 2015 to 2017. Spicer quit on July 21st, 2017 when Trump named Anthony Scaramucci, the founder of SkyBridge Capital and a commentator on Fox News, as communications director.

Spicer made headlines shortly after President Trump’s inauguration on January 20, 2017 when he delivered his first official statement on the inauguration attendance. At the press briefing the next day, he criticized reporters for their improper use of Twitter and attacked the media for “deliberately false reporting,” adding that the Trump administration would hold the press “accountable.” When he asserted that “this was the largest audience to ever witness an inauguration -- period -- both in person and around the globe,” were labeled by the media as a false claim. Spicer also criticized The New York Times for publishing a photograph that “misrepresented” the crowd. In a news conference the following Monday, Spicer clarified that the audience he originally referred to included people who watched on TV and via live streaming online, The Washington Post reported. 

In an article published on the inauguration day, The Washington Post concluded that attendance at Trump’s inauguration was lower after estimating the crowd size by comparing photographs of the National Mall and metro ridership data taken during President Obama’s swearing-in ceremony in 2009 and those for President Trump in 2017. The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, CNN, CBS News and other media outlets reached the same conclusion. In response to media coverage on the inauguration turnout, Spicer called such “attempts to lessen the enthusiasm of the inauguration” as “shameful and wrong.” 

Spicer, 45, graduated from Connecticut College in 1993 with a BA in government and earned an MA in National Security and Strategic Studies from Naval War College in 2012. Prior to his master’s degree, he worked for the National Republican Congressional Committee with a focus on incumbent retention, and served as communications director for the House Budget Committee and House Republican Conference of the House of Representatives. In addition, he was the assistant U.S. trade media representative for President George W. Bush. In February 2009, Spicer co-founded a public relations firm called Endeavour Global Strategies with Gretchen Hamel and Nathan Imperiale in Washington D.C. 

During his tenure as the RNC communications director, Spicer was in charge of collaborating with RNC staff to devise media strategy and revising the debate structure for the 2016 presidential primary. He worked with media networks and acted as a liaison to the candidates and campaigns of the Republican party. In collaboration with the Counsel’s Office and the Chief of Staff, he also oversaw the state party delegate selection process and helped organize the primaries, caucuses, and conventions. 

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