Incorporated in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (C-T-R), the origins of International Business Machines Corp. (NYSE: IBM) can be traced back to the 1880s, when Dr. Alexander Dey invented the first dial recorder in 1888. Dey’s business later became one of the core foundations of C-T-R, along with Harlow Bundy’s Bundy Manufacturing Company, which produced the world’s first employee time clock. More recently, IBM has put its focus on software and cloud computing, and those who have helped the company gain market share in these areas are the largest individual shareholders in the iconic computing company.

Here are the top 5 individual shareholders in IBM as of April 18, 2018. 

John E. Kelly 

Dr John E Kelly III, Senior Vice President of IBM Cognitive Solutions and IBM Research, is the largest individual shareholder in IBM stock with 55,751 shares as of April 18, 2018. Kelly joined the company in 1980, right after gaining a PhD in materials engineering from RPI. Kelly has held numerous positions at the company over his 38 years, beginning with varied leadership positions in the semiconductor R&D unit, and gained his current position in 2007. 

Martin Schroeter

Senior VP and former Chief Financial Officer of IBM, Martin Schroeter has held a number of positions during his tenure at IBM. Before his current position, he was the General Manager of IBM global financing from 2011 to 2014. Schroeter is the second-largest individual shareholder, with 52,597 shares to his name as of April 18, 2018. 

James J Kavanaugh

Senior VP and newly appointed CFO of IBM, James J Kavanaugh has been with the company since 1996 after leaving a position at AT&T. While his ascent to CFO wasn't expected, he makes sense as a successor as he was CFO of AT&T's Americas Global Services unit. As of April 18, 2018, Kavanaugh held 44,467 IBM shares. 

Ginni Rometty

CEO Virginia "Ginni" Rometty joined IBM in 1981 as a systems engineer, after graduating from Northwestern University two years prior. During her early years with the company, Rometty led the acquisition of the consulting arm of PricewaterhouseCoopers. Before taking the top job, Rometty was named among Time Magazine's "50 Most Powerful Women In Business" in 2005 and 2006 Since her ascent to CEO in 2012, Rometty has led the company through a transformation that has seen the tech staple refocus on cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and data analytics. As of April 18, 2018, Rometty held 40,721 shares of IBM. 

Erich Clementi 

Erich Clementi, Senior VP of IBM Global Integrated Accounts, is the fifth largest IBM individual shareholder with 27,984 shares, as of April 18, 2018. Clementi joined the company in 1984 out of Milan. Since then Clementi has held a number of leadership positions at the company including Director of the Finance Sector in IBM Central Europe, GM of IBM's Business Systems division, and VP of IBM Global Markets. 

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