Regardless of your particular financial status, keeping tabs on the ultra rich – whether with admiration, envy, or resentment – is perhaps more pleasurable and less demanding than researching a mortgage, or shopping for online brokers or getting schooled on complex topics in finance and economics like how exchange-traded funds work and the pros and cons of GDP.

To be sure, the appeal of wealthy families reflects a culture that fetishizes wealth and lionizes the rich. The upper echelon of business leaders are a kind of celebrity, as scrutinized for their ability to perform as athletes, actors, and politicians. Perhaps these individuals help humanize impersonal businesses. Perhaps it’s comforting to know that behind every monolithic corporation lurks a creature of flesh and blood. Amazon: Bezos. Facebook: Zuckerberg. Wal-Mart: The Waltons.

Unlike rich men, successful family businesses may offer a universal appeal. Few of us will ever become billionaires, but everyone has a family. What's more, family businesses imply values of authenticity, tradition, heritage, lineage, and quality. And wealthy families suggest royalty, especially if the wealth is intergenerational. While aristocracy runs counter to the U.S.'s democratic, capitalist, free market worldview, it retains a firm grasp on the public imagination. And inherited royal wealth is not exactly an extinct phenomenon. Beyond the scope of our top 10 wealthiest families list sits the royal families of Thailand (net worth, $30 billion), Brunei ($20 billion), and Saudi Arabia ($17 billion). For the sake of simplicity, we have limited our list of richest families to those groups who originally made their fortunes through business,even if some heirs who still enjoy the money haven't been employed in the business. The fortunes given are in a range because fortunes fluctuate daily with the markets, and it matters how you count it up.

1. The Walton Family (Wal-Mart)

Estimated Wealth: $151.5 to $174.5 billion

The Waltons are the richest family in America and by some measures the wealthiest clan in the world. At the top of the value chain, Jim and Alice Walton are each worth about $46.4 billion and ranked #14 and #16, respectively, on Forbes annual list of billionaires. Wal-Mart is a retail behemoth. Founded by Sam Walton in Arkansas in 1962, Wal-Mart is now the world’s largest company, by revenues, with $500 billion, and a staggering 2.3 million employees. If those people constituted their own city, it would be the fourth most populous American city, after New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago.  The company operates nearly 12,000 retail stores worldwide and 5,328 stores in the U.S. According to Kantar Consulting, Walmart’s 2017 sales were more than triple its closest brick and mortar competitor, Kroger Stores.  Best known for big box stores in rural and suburban America, celebrated for its low priced products, and excoriated for its labor practices, the company has recently made its first (subtle) foray into New York City, previously enemy territory.

2. The Koch Brothers (Koch Industries)

Estimated Wealth: $120 billion

Charles and David Koch owe their staggering fortune to an oil business founded by their father, but today are perhaps better known to the general public for their politics, digging into their deep pockets to place their stamp on politics: financing candidates, libertarian think tanks, funding university professorships, lobbying for policy positions all aimed at furthering a conservative agenda. The brothers are worth $60 billion each, tied for the #8 spot of the richest people on the planet. 

3. The Mars Family (Mars)

Estimated Wealth: $70.9 billion to $89.7 billion

Mars is the Walmart of candy: a multigenerational family business that is ubiquitous, cheap, and popular. Today the company is better known for making M&Ms than for its eponymous Mars bar. In 2017, the world’s largest candy company diversified with the purchase of VAC, a pet care company, for $7.7 billion. Siblings Jacqueline and John Mars, whose grandfather Frank Mars founded the company, each have a net worth of $23.6 billion, tied for #34 in Forbes annual list of billionaires Billionaires. The company is now being run by some of their children, the fourth generation of Mars family members. Sweet!

4. Bernard Arnault & Family (LVMH)

Estimated Wealth: $72.2 billion

The king of bling rules as Chairman and CEO of LVMH, a massive French conglomerate of 70 luxury brands. In addition to its namesake companies Louis Vuitton, Moët, and Hennessey, the portfolio includes fashion labels Christian Dior and Fendi, Dom Perignon champagne, Hennessey liquor, Hublot and TAG Heur watches, and cosmetics shop Sephora. As a young man, Bernard Arnault joined his father’s lucrative construction business and later parlayed family money into his own ventures. In the 80s, he founded LVMH and acquired French textiles company Boussac. Arnault has been wealthy for decades, but his net worth ballooned last year by $30.5 billion after record results at LVMH and a buyout of Christian Dior. Now three of his five children work for the company avec papa.

5. Carlos Slim Helu & Family     

Estimated Wealth: $67 billion 

The richest man in Mexico and his family control America Movil, the largest mobil telecom firm in Latin America, as well as Telmex, Mexico’s sole phone company. The son of a store owner and real estate investor, Slim amassed much of his wealth in 1982 when the Mexican economy tanked and he bought companies on the cheap. During the 2016 presidential campaign, Slim became a target of Donald Trump who accused him of being responsible for negative coverage of in the New York Times in which Slim owns a stake. More recently, Slim is a top investor in the construction of a controversial $13 billion new airport project in Mexico City.

6. Karl & Theo Albrecht Jr. & Beate Heister (Aldi)

Net Worth: $38.8 billion to $55.5 billion

Aldi is the Wal-Mart of Germany. After World War II, Brothers Karl and Theo Albrecht transformed their parents’ grocery store into a national discount chain that now includes more than 10,000 stores. In 1961, the brothers split the company by geography: Karl took southern Germany and brands rights in the U.K., U.S., and Australia; Theo took northern Germany and Europe, and later bought American grocery Trader Joe’s. When Karl died in 2014 he was the richest person in Germany. His children, Beate Heister & Karl Albrecht Jr. are the heirs to his retail fortune and #27 on the Forbes billionaires list., with a net worth of $27.5 billion. Theo Jr. & his family are #48 valued at $18.8 billion. Aldi is now rapidly expanding in America, with a plan to open 800 new stores by 2,022 and become the third largest grocer in the U.S. behind Wal-Mart and Kroger’s.    

7. The Dumas Family (Hermes)

Estimated Wealth: $36.7 Billion to $49.2 Billion 

French fashion house and luxury purveyor Hermès has dazzled the world with its signature scarves, neckties, and perfumes as well as its iconic Kelly and Birkin handbags. Back in the 19th century, Thierry Hermes fashioned riding apparel for the aristocracy. Today, the company adorns basketball royalty LeBron James. Fusing old school and new technology, a line of Hermes Apple Watches sells for $1,300-$1,500 apiece. Axel Dumas currently serves as the company chairman, and Pierre-Alexis Dumas is the artistic director.

8. The Kamprad family – IKEA

Estimated Net Worth: $48.9 billion

The late Ikea founder Ingvar Kamprad was born into a poor rural Swedish family and died in 2018 as one of the world’s richest men. He opened his first home furnishings store in Sweden in the 1950s, then over the next half-century expanded worldwide. Today, Ikea is synonymous with with unobtrusively stylish, minimalist design, and inexpensive furniture that customers buy in kits and assemble at home. Ikea products have furnished countless dorm rooms, apartments, and houses throughout the world. Kamprad left behind three sons and an adopted daughter. 

9. The Wertheimer Family – Chanel

Estimated Net Worth: $45.6 Billion

French high fashion house Chanel is legendary for the timeless “little black dress,” the No. 5 perfume, and the high-profile designer Karl Lagerfield. Brothers Alan and Gerhard Wertheimer now co-own the company that their grandfather staked with founder Gabrielle Coco Chanel. 

10. (TIE) Mukesh and Anil Ambani – Reliance Industries

Estimated Net Worth: $42.9 billion to $43.4 billion 

Indian industrial conglomerate Reliance Industries, the only Asian company on our list, may be the least well known to average readers. Nevertheless, CEO Mukesh Ambani, whose late father founded the company in 1957, is the fourteenth richest man in the world, overseeing the company’s refining, petrochemicals, oil, gas and textiles; his brother Anil manages telecommunications, asset management, entertainment and power generation. Anil’s elder son, Anmol, is the executive director of Reliance Capital.  

10. (TIE) Susanne Klatten & Stefan Quandt: BMW

Estimated Net Worth: $42.7 billion to $46.2 billion 

German automaker BMW produces luxury cars and motorcycles that are synonymous with understated quality, craftsmanship, and elegance. Beyond its namesake vehicles, BMW also owns Rolls Royce and Mini. For decades, the Quandt family has maintained a controlling stake the company. Today, the daughter and son of the late Herbert Quandt own a combined stake in BMW of around 45%. Stefan Quandt owns around 26%, which makes him the most powerful shareholder.

The Bottom Line

While wealthy dynasties have been embedded in politics for centuries, it doesn’t seem coincidental that the allure of wealthy family lists coincides with the presidency and digital omnipresence of Donald Trump, whose wealth originated in his father’s New York real estate business, and whose daughter married the real estate scion Jared Kushner, both now in the White House inner circle.  

Admittedly, this list may read as a naked celebration of wealth at a time of rising global inequality and the vanishing middle class; a belated pop-culture rehash of Thomas Piketty; or an implicit condoning of heedless consumption at a time when the future of wealth itself is in question due to technilogical disruption and climate change.

Moreover, our focus on families means we don’t include the world’s three richest individuals. Bezos, Gates, and Buffett do not appear on our list, though technically they all have families. So be it.

Whatever the limitations of this list, we feel that reading about wealthy families has merit, not merely as voyeurism, but a method of studying ourselves in the mirror. We may not be billionaires or heirs, but we do collectively want affordable food and clothes and furniture, and our modern lives are literally and figuratively fueled by oil and gas and mobile phones. If few of us have the bodies or the bank accounts to wear haute couture, we still recognize their aesthetics as symbols of quality, if not the actual life to which we aspire.