The sports betting industry rakes in hundreds of millions of dollars each year, thanks to a loophole in the law against gambling. While there are several different fantasy sports sites out there, two startups have capitalized on the growing number of sports fans looking for a quick and easy way to get involved with fantasy leagues by introducing short-term fantasy sports.
- Fantasy sports allow users to create teams made up of real players from a professional sport and play against other users.
- FanDuel and DraftKings are the largest fantasy sports companies in the United States.
- Both companies make money through fees, advertising, and partnerships with other companies in the sports industry.
- Acquisitions may be a huge part of the future of fantasy sports.
- Legislative hurdles prevent fantasy sports from being legal in all 50 states.
What Is Fantasy Sports?
You've probably heard of fantasy sports, but do you know what it is? Contrary to what you may think, fantasy sports have nothing to do with leprechauns and rainbows. In fantasy sports, users create their teams made up of real players of a professional sport like football or basketball. Players may be from existing leagues such as the NFL, NBA, NHL, MLB, or even college teams. Two of the most commonly played fantasy sports in the United States today are baseball and football.
Once they've selected their teams, users can play against others for a chosen amount of time, whether that's a single day or for the entire season. Team players receive a number of points for certain performance indicators like tackles in a football game or blocked shots in hockey.
Ultimately, their points compete with either their friends in a private league or against strangers in a public league via the fantasy sports operator. Users can also trade or draft players to help boost their teams' statistics in the league.
FanDuel and DraftKings: A Brief Overview
Established in 2009, FanDuel is one of the largest fantasy sports sites in the United States. The company is based in New York City and has more than 1,000 employees. According to the company's website, FanDuel has more than 12 million registered users.
FanDuel is owned by the holding company Flutter Entertainment, an Irish bookkeeper based in Dublin. Flutter Entertainment is traded on the London Stock Exchange with a market capitalization of $16.5 billion.
DraftKings is one of the country's most popular fantasy sports services. Founded in 2012 in Boston, the company employs more than 3,400 people located in six countries. As of December 2021, the company reported approximately 7.3 million cumulative unique paid users across its daily fantasy sports, Sportsbook, and iGaming services.
The company has raised $719.4 million in capital through several financing rounds between 2012 and 2020. In April 2020, the company went public through a reverse merger involving SBTech and Diamond Eagle Acquisition Corp., a public company that ceased trading. After the merger, DraftKings began trading on the Nasdaq under the ticker symbol DKNG. The deal was valued at $3.3 billion.
Revolutionizing Fantasy Sports Leagues
FanDuel and DraftKings took the long-term commitment out of fantasy sports by paving the way for users to participate in short-term fantasy sports on a much wider scale. The option to participate during any given day disrupted an already lucrative industry. The structure takes away the risk of choosing a bad team and getting stuck with players all season. For fans who love the game, it’s a chance to relive the entire season all over again, every day.
FanDuel and DraftKings lead the industry in one-day fantasy football leagues. Users play for real money in contests starting at a $0.01 commitment. There are no associated subscription fees, which allows both services to continue to grow at a fast pace.
If you or someone you know has a gambling problem, call the National Problem Gambling Helpline at 1-800-522-4700, or visit ncpgambling.org/chat to chat with a helpline specialist.
How Do FanDuel and DraftKing Make Money?
So how do they do that? Advertising. Remember, to make money, companies need to spend on marketing. DraftKings spent $981 million on marketing and sales in 2021, nearly double the spending of the previous year. FanDuel spent a billion in six months.
For 2021, DraftKings reported $1.296 billion in revenue, while FanDuel reported $1.9 billion. Both companies make money off player entrance fees. For instance, DraftKings may collect 10% from users who pay for league buy-ins. So, for every $1 paid by a user, the company takes 10 cents as its share. The remaining 90 cents from each user is placed into the pool, which is paid out to the winner at the end.
The companies also make money in other ways as well. Selling ads on their sites and partnering with other big names like NBC, Sports Illustrated, Comcast, and Sporting News also brings in revenue. Professional leagues see tremendous potential to engage existing fans and acquire new ones.
The Future of Fantasy Sports
Just like any other industry, acquisitions play a big part in the fantasy sports world. FanDuel was acquired in mid-2018 by Irish company Paddy Power Betfair, now known as Flutter Entertainment. FanDuel operates as a U.S. subsidiary of the parent company. The terms of the deal were not disclosed.
At one point, FanDuel and DraftKings tried to merge into a single entity, but the merger was terminated because the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) claimed the new company would become a monopoly with a combined 90% of the U.S. DFS market.
The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 ruled that fantasy sports were games of skill rather than games of chance like online poker, thus making them legal.
Legislative and Legal Battles
Fantasy sports still have a lot of legislative and legal hurdles to overcome. Most fantasy sports are considered games of skill, while Internet casino games are deemed games of chance. While the latter is illegal in most states under the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006, fantasy sports are exempt. Despite this loophole, many regulators continue to challenge these sites.
FanDuel’s website states that it’s legal to play fantasy contests as long as you are a Canadian or American over the age of 18 in most states. Both FanDuel and DraftKings are allowed in the majority of states. But there are still a handful of states that ban these sites including:
In 2017, FanDuel and DraftKings each paid $1.3 million to settle a lawsuit with the Attorney General's office in Massachusetts. The settlement was the result of an investigation into allegations that both companies were involved in deceptive and unfair practices. The state's top lawyer didn't elaborate on the exact nature of the charges.
Where Is Draftkings Legal?
Sports betting is currently legal in 30 states and Washington D.C. However, DraftKings is only live in 17 of them. The states where DraftKings is live are Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
How Do You Withdraw Money From FanDuel or DraftKings?
Both DraftKings and FanDuel allow players to withdraw their winnings in several ways, including wire transfers, prepaid cards, online banking, PayPal, and even old-fashioned checks. In addition, FanDuel allows withdrawals through Venmo, and DraftKings users can make withdrawals in person at the Cage at Resorts Casino in Atlantic City.
What Is the Minimum Age for Gambling on DraftKings or FanDuel?
Both FanDuel and DraftKings require players to reach the minimum age for sports gambling in their jurisdiction. Some states, such as Nebraska or Alabama, require players to be at least 19 years old. Others (Arizona, Iowa, Louisiana, and Massachusetts) require players to be over 21. In every other state players must be at least 18.
The Bottom Line
Fantasy sports are a huge, lucrative business that makes companies like FanDuel and DraftKings millions of dollars in revenue each year, much of which is derived from fees, advertising, and partnerships. Although digital fantasy sports are not considered gambling, these companies still have a lot of obstacles before they become fully legal in all 50 states.