10 Taxable Items That May Surprise You

These items may not seem taxable, but they are

Did you know the buried treasure you found in your grandparent’s backyard is actually taxable? That's just the start. You may be surprised to learn that the following 10 items are taxable, whether they are things you receive, cash you earn, or money you don't have to pay back.

Key Takeaways

  • When it comes to reporting your taxes, the IRS wants to make sure you pay your fair share—and that means reporting certain items that may seem surprising.
  • Gifts over $16,000, items exchanged as barter, forgiven debts, and unemployment income are among some of these items.
  • While many of these circumstances are unusual or infrequent, if you don't know about them, you can get caught owing back taxes.

1. Certain Large Gifts

Generally, a gift has to be fairly large before the IRS takes notice, and gifts between certain people or institutions are never taxed, regardless of size. Monetary transfers between spouses, for example, and direct payments to a medical or educational institution are never taxable.

Gifts up to a certain value per donee per year are subject to the annual exclusion. The amount is $16,000 for the 2022 tax year. However, this amount can be increased if the gift-giving is done strategically.

Spouses can each give a gift to the same person, doubling the gift: This means that each may give $16,000, together giving $32,000. Let's say two parents want to gift as much as they can to their child and their child's spouse. In 2022 the parents can give up to $64,000 before the gift tax kicks in. How? One parent can give a $16,000 gift to each half of the younger couple and the other parent can do the same (4 x $16,000 = $64,000).

2. Bartered Items

It might seem like bartering would not be taxable since money is never exchanged, but that is not always the case. It depends on the value of the items being bartered and whether or not those items would normally earn the giver any income.

For example, if you and your neighbor take turns watching each other's dogs while the other person is on vacation, you don't have to claim it on your taxes because you both received something of equal value and neither of you is in the animal boarding business. However, if you do an hour’s worth of your neighbor's yard work in exchange for your neighbor helping you set up your website, which is what they do for a living, the IRS says you have to report the market value of the service on your tax return.

3. Alimony

Alimony previously had to be reported on your tax return as income. This tripped up some people who assumed it was treated like child support, which is not taxed.

Alimony or separate maintenance payments are no longer deductible from the income of the payer spouse, or includable in the income of the receiving spouse, if made under a divorce or separation agreement executed after Dec. 31, 2018. These changes were among the many enacted under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Payments initiated before 2019 are not affected.

4. Forgiven Loans

In most cases, the money you end up not paying because a loan is forgiven has to be reported as income, whether it is forgiven by a private company, such as a bank, or the federal government. This is something many people who decide to take advantage of debt settlement are not aware of. 

There are some instances in which you are not required to pay tax on a forgiven loan, such as a loan being forgiven by a loved one—that counts as a gift. Also, forgiven debt may not be taxed if it is part of a bankruptcy, insolvency, or primary mortgage debt.

5. Illegal Activity

If you earn income from illegal activity, technically you have to report it. That includes selling drugs or extorting money. This probably has the distinction of being the least-followed tax rule in the book.

6. Scholarships and Work Study

If you receive a scholarship that pays for anything other than tuition, fees, and books, you have to pay taxes on it. Work-study income will also be taxed, although not always at the state level.

Scholarship and work-study income may be taxable if the recipient reaches the reporting threshold for income, which in 2021 is $12,550 or less.

7. Unemployment Income 

How much tax you have to pay on your unemployment income depends on the state in which you live. The federal government counts unemployment income as taxable income, but not all states do. To minimize the pain at tax time, you can have taxes deducted every time you receive an unemployment payment instead of having to pay them all at once.

8. Airbnb 

If you earn money from renting out your room or house for more than 15 days, you have to pay taxes on that income. As the personal rental industry continues to grow and gain recognition, expect this rule to be more strictly enforced.

9. Presents From Your Boss

If your employer gives you a $500 bonus, it's automatically taxed. But what about other gifts? An engraved name tag doesn’t count, but a season pass to your local basketball team is another story.

10. Selling Gametes

If you offer your eggs to an infertile person, you have to pay taxes on the amount you received for them. Sperm donors also have to report any income they receive from donating their sperm.

How Much Is the Gift Tax?

The gift tax is only triggered on annual gifts above a certain amount—$16,000 in 2022. The gift tax rate is based on the size of the taxable gift and ranges between 18% and 40%.

Is Unemployment Income Taxed?

Yes. Unemployment benefits are treated as ordinary income by the federal government. And as of 2022, only 5 states that levy an income tax exempt unemployment from state income taxation (California, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Virginia). In addition, 9 states do not have an income tax at all, and so they do not tax unemployment at the state level either (Alaska, Florida, New Hampshire, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming).

Is Alimony Tax Deductible?

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) eliminated the tax deduction for alimony payments. This applies to divorce agreements executed on or after Jan. 1, 2019.

The Bottom Line

Chances are, you haven't experienced most of these situations. But you've probably run into at least one, and you never know which tax gaffe is going to lead to a full-blown audit. "I didn't know" is hardly ever a justifiable excuse, and it's especially true during tax season. Don’t gamble with your financial future just to save a few bucks. Follow the rules and avoid getting on the bad side of the IRS.

Article Sources
Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in our editorial policy.
  1. Internal Revenue Service. "Instructions for Form 709 United States Gift (and Generation-Skipping Transfer) Tax Return."

  2. Internal Revenue Service. “Frequently Asked Questions on Gift Taxes."

  3. Internal Revenue Service. "What's New - Estate and Gift Tax."

  4. Internal Revenue Service. "Topic No. 420 Bartering Income."

  5. Internal Revenue Service. “Topic No. 452 Alimony and Separate Maintenance."

  6. Internal Revenue Service. "Clarification: Changes to Deduction for Certain Alimony Payments Effective in 2019."

  7. Internal Revenue Service. “Topic No. 431 Canceled Debt – Is It Taxable or Not?"

  8. Internal Revenue Service. "Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments (for Individuals)," Pages 4-9.

  9. Internal Revenue Service. “Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income."

  10. Internal Revenue Service. "Topic No. 421 Scholarships, Fellowship Grants, and Other Grants."

  11. Internal Revenue Service. “Table 1. 2021 Filing Requirements Chart for Most Taxpayers.”

  12. Internal Revenue Service. “Topic No. 418 Unemployment Compensation."

  13. Internal Revenue Service. "Topic No. 415 Renting Residential and Vacation Property."

  14. Internal Revenue Service. “De Minimis Fringe Benefits."

  15. Internal Revenue Service. “Instructions for Form 706: Table A—Unified Rate Schedule."

  16. Tax Foundation, "State Taxation of Unemployment Benefits."

Take the Next Step to Invest
×
The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. This compensation may impact how and where listings appear. Investopedia does not include all offers available in the marketplace.
Service
Name
Description