If you've been dreaming for years about retiring in Ireland, the deflation of the Celtic Tiger's notorious housing bubble and the uncertainty surrounding Brexit means that your dream is likely far more affordable than it was a decade ago.
Of course, that all depends on whether you're dreaming of buying an elegant Georgian townhouse in central Dublin or renting a one-bedroom cottage on the scenic Dingle Peninsula. You'll find housing to be your most significant expense and also the one that varies the most according to your lifestyle.
The average price of a high-end home in Dublin dipped modestly over the last year, as per a Central Statistics Office report, falling for the first time in seven years—according to a recent Irish Times article. Declines elsewhere in the city have been more modest outside the high-end market, but they are still under some pressure, due to increased supply and the Central Bank's mortgage rules. In other parts of the country, prices have edged higher.
- Housing prices in Dublin have declined versus recent years, making them more affordable to buy, particularly in the high-end luxury market.
- Modestly priced homes have seen a smaller dip in price than luxury ones, but they are still more affordable than comparable homes in other large Northern European cities.
- The rental market is also more affordable in Dublin than in comparable cities; the surrounding areas are even less expensive, and areas well outside the Dublin metropolitan area have the best deals.
- Uncertainty surrounding Brexit, a decent supply of available housing, and the latest trends in the local mortgage market have all contributed to making Dublin more affordable than it was a decade ago.
Buying or Renting Property
If you're in the market for a luxury property, Dublin's housing market is a good value, especially when compared with other northern European capitals, such as Oslo, Stockholm, or London. On auction-house Christie's International Real Estate website, a Dec. 2019 listing for a six-bedroom, two-bath Dublin townhouse came in at $2.76 million (around 2.5 million euros).
If you're seeking a more modest dwelling, you can find the best bargains outside the capital in smaller cities and rural areas. Yet even within Dublin, prices have dropped significantly since the height of the housing boom. Whatever your price range, mortgage interest rates are currently hovering at an affordable 4%.
In light of the past decade's housing market instability, think about renting. Many retirees, some of whom saw losses of their own properties in the global recession, find renting to be the most attractive option. In Dublin, figure on $1,487 (around 1,300 euros) per month for a two-bedroom apartment; for a two-bedroom house, that figure goes up to about $1,831 (around 1,600 euros) a month.
For more affordable housing, think about heading south to County Cork or County Kerry, or possibly to the rugged and beautiful west coast. In Galway, a charming city beloved by both natives and tourists, you'll find one-bedroom apartments in the center of town for around $857 (around 750 euros); for a one-bedroom outside of town, that price drops to around $673 (around 577 euros). If you're buying in Galway City, the average price per square foot is less than $202 (around 176 euros).
Regardless of your budget, it will pay to learn about Ireland's housing laws and regulations. In recent years, the Central Bank of Ireland has tightened restrictions on new residential mortgages.
As is often the case—no matter where in the world you retire—the most affordable options for people looking to retire in Ireland lie outside the bigger cities (such as Dublin) in the surrounding areas.
Here's the good news: You can forget about a pricey air-conditioning bill because you won't need (and probably won't have) air conditioning. However, heating bills are another story. Your heating bill for the chilly Irish autumn-through-spring seasons could be significant; utilities can run up to one-third more than in the U.S.
Overall, figure about $171 (around 150 euros) per month for heat, electricity, water, and phone service for an average 900-square foot dwelling. You'll obviously pay more for a large, multi-bedroom house.
Food and Drink
Ireland's climate is not known for its sunshine, which means that you'll pay higher prices for fruit and certain vegetables, which must be imported from warmer climes. Yet the prices on many household staples are comparable to U.S. prices, and you'll even find that many basic items such as cheese (don't miss out sampling the sharp, rich Irish cheddars), bread, butter, and fish are priced lower.
Ultimately, you'll probably find that a night out for a beer and a meal in Ireland won't cost any more than it would back home and that many ingredients for in-house cooking will be more affordable.
While the quality of its services compares favorably to other advanced nations, Ireland has a vastly different healthcare system from the United States, particularly when it comes to insurance and costs. For citizens and legal residents, public healthcare is free.
However, many expatriates choose to spring for the higher cost of the private healthcare system. Because this system is not publicly funded, expect to buy private health insurance if you plan to use it.
If you plan to buy a car, make sure to obtain an Irish driver's license as soon as you're able, as your insurance cost will drop significantly. You'll find that a small economy car makes the most sense both in cities and rural areas, where narrow roads—often lined with old stone walls, with no shoulder room—make driving on the left side of the road a hair-raising proposition for even the most confident American driver.
Consider going car-free if you're relocating to an urban area. A monthly pass on Galway public transport is about $79.30 (around 69 euros), significantly cheaper than the cost of owning and maintaining a car. And don't forget about the gas—or "petrol," as the Irish call it. Whatever term you use, it's far more expensive than per-gallon prices stateside (currently around $5.69 per gallon, or about five euros). A modest Volkswagen Golf will set you back about $30,173 (around 26,500 euros).
The Bottom Line
Whether your tastes run more toward the luxurious in some areas or the modest in others, it's helpful to think of how the locals live and spend as the ultimate economic measuring stick. In Galway, the average after-tax disposable income runs to $2,662 per month (around 2,327 euros). Except for major luxuries, you should be able to get by on a similar monthly budget.