An auction market is one in which stock buyers enter competitive bids and stock sellers enter competitive offers at the same time. If this sounds like buying and selling stock on a stock exchange, you're right. It is worth noting that before stocks are traded on a stock exchange, which is referred to as the secondary market, they are created by means of an initial public offering (IPO). The secondary market is essentially an auction market and is what people are referring to when they talk about the stock market.

Virtually all stocks are traded on stock exchanges. Some exchanges are physical locations (for example, the New York Stock Exchange - NYSE) where transactions are carried out on a trading floor. The other type of exchange is virtual (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations - Nasdaq), comprised of a network of computers where trades are made electronically.

To learn more about exchanges, see Getting to Know Stock Exchanges, The Tale Of Two Exchanges: NYSE And Nasdaq and The Global Electronic Stock Market.

  1. How do I invest in the Nasdaq or the NYSE? Is it even possible? Would I want to? ...

    The Nasdaq and the NYSE are stock exchanges that trade securities. Nasdaq stands for National Association of Securities Dealers ... Read Answer >>
  2. Why do we need a secondary market?

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  3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of listing on the Nasdaq versus other stock ...

    Discover some of the primary advantages and disadvantages that exist for companies listed on the Nasdaq exchange rather than ... Read Answer >>
  4. What constitutes a secondary market?

    Find out what constitutes a secondary market, and learn why that term can be applied far more broadly than you might initially ... Read Answer >>
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