Closing times for stock market exchanges vary, but they generally close in the evening—except on holidays. A stock market exchange is a marketplace where stocks are traded throughout the day; it functions as an entity that ensures orderly trading and efficient dissemination of price quotes for stocks on the exchange. Some of the main stock market exchanges are the Shanghai Stock Exchange, Swiss Exchange, London Stock Exchange, New York Stock Exchange, and Nasdaq. Trading is generally conducted from Monday to Friday of each week. Getting access to any of the following markets and exchanges would require a stockbroker. Investopedia's list of the best online stock brokers can give you a great first look at some of the top brokers in the industry.

Trading Hours in the United States / Americas

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is based in New York City. The NYSE is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world, and it is a public entity. As of 2019, the NYSE has normal trading hours from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. ET, unless there's an early close due to a holiday.

The Nasdaq is an American stock exchange that serves as a global electronic marketplace for securities trading. Pre-market trading hours are from 4 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. EST, and after-hours trading extends from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m. EST. The normal trading hours begin at 9:30 a.m. EST and end at 4 p.m. EST.

Canada's Toronto Stock Exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. ET and closes at 4 p.m. ET, with no break in trading for a lunch period.

Trading Hours in Asia

The Shanghai Stock Exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. local time and closes at 3 p.m. local time, and it has a lunch period from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. local time.

Japan's Tokyo Stock Exchange opens at 9:00 a.m. local time and closes at 3 p.m. local time, with a lunch period from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. local time.

The Hong Kong Stock Exchange opens at 9:30 a.m. local time and closes at 4 p.m. local time, and it has a lunch period from 12 p.m. to 1 p.m. local time.

Trading Hours in Europe

The London Stock Exchange opens at 8 a.m. local time and closes at 4:30 p.m. local time with no lunch period.

Euronext Paris opens at 9 a.m. GMT and closes at 5:30 p.m. GMT with no lunch period.

The Swiss Exchange opens at 9:00 a.m. local time, closes at 5:30 p.m. local time, and has no lunch period.