Though the airline industry overall is an extremely competitive market, there is little competition among its suppliers of aircraft. In the large commercial aircraft market of the airline supply business, American-based Boeing and the Airbus Group, formerly known as the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company, are the only players. The two companies, the world's only major large passenger aircraft manufacturers, dominate the airline supply industry with their established brands, Boeing's 7-series of jets and EADS' Airbus.

Though Boeing and Airbus share almost exclusive control of the worldwide airline supply business for large commercial jets, which include narrow-body aircraft, wide-body aircraft and jumbo jets, a few other companies are present, to a lesser degree, in other segments of the aerospace industry. United Technologies Corporation and General Electric, for example, manufacture engines and parts for industry operators. Bombardier, based in Canada, and Embraer, a Brazilian aircraft manufacturer, are industry leaders in the regional and business airplanes market.

On a global scale, competition with Boeing and Airbus is difficult. On the regional level, though, other companies are able to forge a niche in commercial aviation, or at least attempt to do so. In addition to more established Bombardier and Embraer, newer airline suppliers include Comac in China, Mitsubishi in Japan and UAC in Russia.

Boeing and Airbus also have the largest market share in supplying military aircraft, particularly to the United States, followed by Lockheed Martin and United Technologies Corporation. However, more than half of Boeing's revenues come from its commercial business line.

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