How is a savings account taxed?

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May 2018

In the United States, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers interest earned in a savings account to be taxable income. Taxpayers are required to submit a 1099-INT form to the IRS when they file their tax returns. This form details the amount of earned interest on accounts held during the prior year. Certain types of retirement accounts, such as individual retirement accounts, allow interest on savings to accrue tax deferred.

More information on the taxation of interest received can be found in Topic 403 on Backup withholding information is discussed in Topic 307.

Interest Earned Through Investments

Savings accounts are not generally thought of as investment vehicles. However, the IRS considers any interest-bearing financial instrument to be an investment for tax purposes.

Interest, once accrued in your savings account, is subject to taxation during the same year that you receive it. What happens to the money after you've received it is inconsequential - it will be taxed the same way regardless of whether you keep it, transfer it to a new account or spend it.

Tax Rate on Interest Income

Interest from a savings account is taxed at the marginal rate. In other words, if your regular income tax bracket places you in a 35% bracket, then the interest on your savings account is taxed at that rate.

Savings Account Balance

Though the earned interest on the savings account is taxed, you will not have to pay taxes on the account's balance. If your savings account has $10,000 and earns 0.2% interest, you are only taxed on the extra $20 in interest that the bank credits to you.

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