A:

One of the most important tools in the arsenal of the fundamental investor is the corporate earnings report. The earnings report is a public display of profitability, financial standing and the official word on recent overall business performance. All publicly-traded companies in the U.S. are legally required to file quarterly reports, annual reports, and the 10-Q and 10-K reports.

Current and potential shareholders can track coming earnings releases through online resources such as the Nasdaq online earnings calendar. Released earnings reports can be found through SEC.gov and other publications, such as the earnings calendar provided by Yahoo Finance and Morningstar.

How to Track Earnings Reports Through Nasdaq

The Nasdaq earnings calendar presents a collection of coming earnings reports. You can search companies based on a specific release date or by ticker symbol, and the website will give a brief overview of key information.

For example, you can see reports released on the current day, complete with fundamental data such as market capitalization, consensus earnings per share (EPS) forecasts and last year's EPS.

How to Track Earnings Reports Using EDGAR

The most authoritative and complete resource for all earnings reports is on SEC.gov using their EDGAR system, where you can search for any publicly-traded company and read quarterly, annual and 10-Q and 10-K reports.

Many people confuse the quarterly earnings report with the 10-Q because they are both based on quarterly data. However, the 10-Q is a much longer document, filled with black-and-white financial information. While this can make it tedious to read, investors can avoid the fluff of the official earnings report. The 10-K and annual earnings reports have a similar relationship.

Listening to Earnings Conference Calls

Earnings calls are generally available to the entire public. They can be accessed online and are often found in the investor relations section of the company's website, or can be listened to using the telephone. These can provide an even better insight than quarterly earnings reports.

Many companies provide access to the earnings call on their corporate websites for a period of time after the actual call, making it possible for investors who could not listen in live a way to access this valuable corporate information for investors to analyze.

RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the differences between a 10-K report and a firm's own annual report?

    Understand the key differences between a corporation's own annual report and its 10-K report filed with the SEC and how investors ... Read Answer >>
  2. When does Q4 start and finish?

    Learn about different financial years used by various companies. Explore when the fourth quarter begins on October 1st and ... Read Answer >>
  3. When must a company announce earnings?

    The Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies to file earnings reports no later than 45 days after the end ... Read Answer >>
  4. When is earnings season?

    Earnings season is the period of time during which a large number of publicly traded companies release their quarterly earning ... Read Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing

    Speed-Read SEC Filings for Hot Stock Picks

    SEC filings can be a headache. Read out how to speed-read through your stock research.
  2. Investing

    6 Things To Look For In Earnings Reports

    Learn how to consider all the known variables when assessing a company's health.
  3. Investing

    The Flow of Company Information

    Learn how to gather all the pieces before you start to put together your puzzle.
  4. Taxes

    How A Company Files With The SEC

    Filing with the SEC is not as complicated as you might thing -- just be meticulous about following the steps.
  5. Investing

    Top SEC EDGAR Tools For New Investors

    Navigating the plethora of data available to investors can be overwhelming. The SEC has made it a bit easier with its EDGAR system.
  6. Investing

    How To Efficiently Read An Annual Report

    Learn how to read between the lines and decipher the actual condition of a company.
  7. Investing

    The 5 Types Of Earnings Per Share

    Learn the five varieties of Earnings Per Share (EPS) and what each represents can help an investor determine whether a company is a good value, or not.
  8. Insights

    Earnings Forecasts: A Primer

    Learn how this key metric is calculated and how it is used to judge market performance.
  9. Investing

    Top 6 Websites For Finding Financial Stats

    These websites are among the best for you to find financial information on a variety of topics.
RELATED TERMS
  1. Earnings Call

    Earnings call is a conference call between a public company, ...
  2. SEC Form 497

    SEC Form 497 is a document that investment companies must use ...
  3. Annual

    The term "annual" refers to an event that occurs once a year.
  4. Earnings Surprise

    An earnings surprise occurs when a company's reported quarterly ...
  5. Conference Call

    A conference call is an event where investors can hear detailed ...
  6. Public

    Public refers to anything that can be accessed by any person ...
Trading Center