Jane and Fabbio Salvatore have just discovered that a Fabulous Florence municipal bond will be offered to support a bridge development in Fabbio's hometown in Florence, OH. They want to purchase the bond at $1,000, but end up buying the 10% bond at $1,020. One year later, the Salvatores want to sell and earn a profit when the market value is at $1,000. Calculate the total return of the Fabulous Florence bond.
The correct answer is C.
The test will try to confuse you by adding extra details to the questions. It doesn't matter that the Salvatores wanted to buy at $1,000 when, in fact, they bought it at $1,020. Furthermore, one year later when the market is at $1,000, their bond has actually depreciated by ($1,020-$1,000 = $20)/$1,020 = 1.96%. Note however that the total return will reflect the interest earned (yield) plus or minus any appreciation or depreciation (growth). While the bond earns 10% interest, it has lost over 1% of its value and delivers a total return of 7.84% = (1.1 x 1000) – 1020/1020