Does my employer's matching contribution count towards the maximum I can contribute to my 401(k) plan?

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No, your employer’s contribution does not count toward your contribution to your 401(k) plan. In 2018, an employee can contribute up to $18,500 (or up to $24,500 if you are 50 or over) regardless of the employer’s contribution amount. These limits are set by the federal government.

How Matching Works

As you suggested, many employers match a portion of your contribution, often up to a limit based on your salary. Here’s how this works:

Let’s take a situation where an employer matches 50% of your 401(k) contribution, up to a limit of 6% of your compensation. In this case, if you earned $50,000, you would need to contribute $6,000 to your 401(k) plan to obtain your employer’s maximum match of $3,000 (6% of $50,000). If you earned $85,000, you would need to contribute $10,200 to obtain your employer’s maximum match of $5,100 (6% of $85,000). In both cases you are still below the maximum $18,500 (or $24,500 for those age 50 and over) allowed by law, so you could decide to increase your personal contribution. But you are taking the crucial step of maximizing the match you can obtain from your employer.

This extra $3,000 employer match in your 401(k) is free money, and one of the best retirement investments you can make. Think of it as an immediate 50% return on your investment. So it is always a good idea to set up your 401(k) salary-deferral contribution to maximize your employer match. If you can contribute even more, up to the maximum of $18,500 (or $24,500), so much the better.

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