How Do Available Credit and Credit Limit Differ?

Both are tied to your account balance and impact spending power

The difference between available credit and credit limit is tied to the account balance of a credit card or other debt. The credit limit is the total amount of credit available to a borrower, including any amount already borrowed. Available credit is the difference between the credit limit and the account balance—how much you have left to spend, in other words.

Key Takeaways

  • Available credit is the amount of money that is available, given the current balance on the account.
  • A credit limit is the total amount that can be borrowed.
  • If all available credit has been used, then the credit limit has been reached, the account is maxed out, and the available credit is zero.
  • If the account has reached the credit limit, some credit card companies will allow the account balance to exceed the limit, and others will simply decline any new transactions.
  • Most credit card companies charge penalties for accounts with balances above the credit limit, but the penalties or fees applied cannot exceed the amount that the account is over the limit.

Available Credit vs. Credit Limit

Available credit and credit limit represent the relationship between current spending power and total spending power. As a borrower taps their credit line and increases their balance, available credit decreases.

That means the available credit for a credit card holder is the amount that is left when you subtract all your purchases (and the interest on those charges) from the maximum credit limit on your credit card.

Once the account balance reaches the credit limit, the account has been “maxed out” and the available credit is zero. When your account balance is zero, your available credit and your credit limit are equal.

In general, lenders give high-risk borrowers lower credit limits. Low-risk borrowers who have an excellent credit score and credit history typically receive higher credit limits, giving them greater flexibility when they spend.

What Happens When You Reach the Credit Limit?

If your credit limit is reached and there is no more available credit, then credit card companies will typically decline any further transactions. However, some credit card companies allow borrowers to increase account balances just beyond credit limits, provided that the borrower has agreed to the terms in writing. The increase beyond the credit limit is sometimes a result of charges and sometimes a result of interest, fees, or penalties.

Most credit card companies charge penalties for accounts with balances above the credit limit—again, provided that the borrower agrees to this in writing. In times of need, consumers may be tempted to sign any document that gives them access to needed cash. However, you can’t be charged an over-limit fee if the only reason that you are over your limit is due to interest charges or fees. Also, your card company cannot charge you an over-limit fee more than once in a payment cycle.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) mandates the amounts that credit card companies are allowed to charge for credit card accounts over the credit limit. The first time a balance exceeds a given credit limit, a charge of up to $27 may be applied. The second time a balance exceeds the credit limit within a six-month period, a charge of up to $38 may be applied. However, the penalties or fees applied cannot exceed the amount that the account is over the limit.

Some credit card companies will charge a high-penalty annual percentage rate (APR) for violating terms of the credit agreement, perhaps canceling a previously offered low introductory APR.

Individuals who have agreed to accept fees for exceeding credit limits can change their minds at any time by notifying the lender in writing, but this does not apply to transactions made before opting out of over-limit fees. Also, the lender is more likely to refuse transactions that take an account over the credit limit after a borrower has opted out.

Article Sources
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  1. American Express. “What Is a Credit Card Limit and How Is It Determined?”

  2. Government Publishing Office. “Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009.”

  3. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. “Section 1026.52, Limitations on Fees.”

  4. “Understand Your Credit Card Statement.”