The maximum Social Security retirement benefit that you can receive depends on the age when you start collecting and your earnings history, among other factors. In 2022, the maximum is $3,240 per month for someone who files at full retirement age (FRA) at age 66. But $4,194 is the absolute highest benefit for those who qualify and delay claiming until age 70.
- Qualifying for Social Security requires 10 years of work or 40 work credits.
- For someone at full retirement age (FRA), the maximum benefit is $3,240.
- The absolute maximum benefit that an individual can receive per month in 2022 is $4,194, and to get it, you must wait until age 70 to claim benefits and have been a high earner for 35 years.
How Social Security Benefits Are Calculated
Qualifying for Social Security in the first place requires 40 work credits or approximately 10 years of work. To be eligible to receive the maximum benefit, you need to earn Social Security’s maximum taxable income for 35 years. The cap, which is the amount of earnings subject to Social Security tax, is $147,000 in 2022, up from $142,800 in 2021.
Social Security benefits are calculated by combining your 35 highest-paid years (if you worked for more than 35 years). First, all wages are indexed to account for inflation. Wages from previous years are multiplied by a factor based on the years when they were earned. This calculation gives an amount comparable to buying power based on the current value of the dollar. Accounting for this valuation change is important because a salary of $14,000, for example, was far more impressive in 1954 than it is today.
Once all wages have been indexed, your average indexed monthly earnings (AIME) is computed by dividing the sum of all indexed wages by 420 (35 years expressed as months). If you worked fewer than 35 years, a zero is entered for years when you did not work. The benefit amount is then calculated based on factors that include the year when collection begins, whether you have reached FRA, and whether you continue to work while collecting benefits.
If you have 40 work credits, you are eligible to claim Social Security as early as age 62, but waiting until FRA will result in a much higher benefit. The most that you can receive in 2022 if you start collecting at age 62 is $2,364. Your FRA depends on the year of your birth. For example, if you were born in 1960 or later, your FRA is 67, and if you were born in the 1943–1954 years, it is 66. You will receive 100% of your benefits if you wait until your FRA to claim them. If you claim at age 70, vs. at FRA, you get an 8% bonus for each year that you delayed claiming.
Once you reach age 70, there is no reason to wait longer to start collecting—your benefit won’t increase further.
Example of Maximum Social Security Benefits
Say that someone who turned 62 in 2021 will reach FRA at 66 years and 10 months, with earnings that make them eligible at that point for a monthly benefit of $1,000. Opting to receive benefits at age 62 will reduce their monthly benefit by 29.2%, to $708, to account for the longer time that they could receive benefits, according to the Social Security Administration (SSA). That decrease is usually permanent.
If that same person waits to get benefits until age 70, their monthly benefit increases to $1,253. The larger amount is due to the delayed retirement credits earned for the decision to postpone receiving benefits past FRA. In this example, that higher amount at age 70 is about 77% more than the benefit that they would receive each month if benefits started at age 62—a difference of $545 each month.
Of course, the best time for someone to start taking Social Security benefits depends on a variety of factors, not just the dollar amount of the benefit. Things such as current income and employment status, other available retirement funds, and life expectancy also must be factored into the decision.
Average Social Security Payment by Age
The average Social Security retirement benefit is significantly lower than the maximum. It was $1,563.82 per month in November 2021, according to the most recent data available from the SSA. Here’s what the average benefit looks like at different ages for those who started collecting at FRA, according to an annual report published by the SSA in 2021.
|Average Social Security Benefit by Age|
|Age||Average Monthly Benefit|
|90 or older||$1,344.76|
Source: Social Security Administration
How much of your pre-retirement income Social Security is designed to replace.
To ensure benefits maintain their buying power, the SSA adjusts them every year in accordance with changes in the cost of living, For example, the cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) was increased by 5.9% for 2022, compared with a 1.3% increase for 2021.
Marguerita M. Cheng, CFP®, CRPC®, RICP, CDFA
CEO of Blue Ocean Global Wealth, Gaithersburg, Md.
According to the Social Security Administration (SSA), the maximum monthly benefit paid at full retirement age (FRA) in 2022 is $3,240. Bear in mind that this is the maximum benefit at FRA, but you can defer your benefits and increase your Social Security benefit. Here are two examples:
- Julia Child retires and delays claiming benefits two years beyond her FRA. She will receive a monthly benefit 16% larger than her primary insurance amount (PIA): (2/3) × 24 = 16%. By deferring her benefits, Julia permanently increased her $1,400 FRA benefit to $1,624.
- James Brown retires and delays claiming benefits four years beyond his FRA. He will receive a monthly benefit that is 32% larger than his PIA: (2/3) × 48 = 32%. By deferring his benefits, James permanently increased his $1,600 FRA benefit to $2,112.
What Is Full Retirement Age (FRA)?
Full retirement age (FRA) is the age when you are eligible to collect full Social Security retirement benefits, and it is based on the year when you were born. The FRA is 66 years and two months for those born in 1955 and gradually increases to 67 for those born in 1960 and after.
What Is the Average Social Security Benefit?
The average Social Security retirement benefit is $1,563.82 per month, according to the Social Security Administration (SSA). The maximum is $3,240 per month for those who start collecting at FRA and were high earners for 35 years.
What Are Delayed Retirement Credits?
If you wait past your FRA to collect Social Security retirement benefits, you’ll receive credits for each month that you delay, up to age 70. These credits can increase your monthly payment by 8% a year.
Social Security Administration. “Workers with Maximum-Taxable Earnings.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Understanding the Benefits,” Page 6 (Page 10 of PDF). Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Social Security Benefit Amounts.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Starting Your Retirement Benefits Early.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Retirement Benefits: If You Were Born Between 1943 and 1954 Your Full Retirement Age Is 66.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Early or Late Retirement?” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “When to Start Receiving Retirement Benefits,” Page 1. Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Monthly Statistical Snapshot, November 2021.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Annual Statistical Supplement, 2021.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Retirement Benefits: Learn About Retirement Benefits.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
Social Security Administration. “Social Security Announces 5.9 Percent Benefit Increase for 2022.” Accessed Dec. 23, 2021.
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