Avengers: Endgame is here. In the final installment of the 22-film Avengers series from Walt Disney Company's (DIS) Marvel Studios, superheroes look to defeat a mighty figure known as Thanos who acquired all the infinity stones and culled half of all the living things in the universe by snapping his fingers.
Thanos believed this was necessary to make the universe more balanced and prosperous. In Avengers: Infinity War, his motivations were framed as noble and altruistic almost. In the comic books, he was told of the dangers of overpopulation by the personification of Death and committed mass murder to impress her, but there's also signs that he agreed with her.
Although he never owned a gem-studded gauntlet designed to wreak havoc, Cambridge University-educated scholar Thomas Robert Malthus also held strong beliefs about population growth.
In 1789, he wrote in his bestselling book, An Essay on the Principle of Population as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society, that since population increases in a geometric ratio and food increases arithmetically, certain "checks," like poverty, plague and abstinence, stop unsustainable population growth. Malthus, who did not have the benefit of witnessing the Industrial Revolution, is largely derided today as a prophet of gloom and doom, and pop culture journalists love adding references to him in articles about Thanos.
Can you tell whether these statements were made by classical economist Malthus or deranged environmental activist Thanos? Scroll down for the answers.
1."The power of population is indefinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man."
2."Science and a benevolent nature have allowed thousands of different species to flourish beyond the capability of their environs to sustain them."
3."Through the animal and vegetable kingdoms, nature has scattered the seeds of life abroad with the most profuse and liberal hand. She has been comparatively sparing in the room and the nourishment necessary to rear them."
4.“Perfectly balanced. As all things should be."
5.“There are many actors in this grand drama, and I appear to be the only participant with a full grasp on the situation.”
6."..the distress arising from a scarcity of provisions must fall hardest upon the least fortunate members of the society."
Answers: 1.Malthus 2. Thanos 3. Malthus 4. Thanos 5. Thanos 6. Malthus