Investopedia Staff

Investopedia Staff

Investopedia believes that individuals can excel at managing their financial affairs. As such, we strive to provide free educational content and tools to empower individual investors, including thousands of original and objective articles and tutorials on a wide variety of financial topics.

  1. Mutual Funds

    Breaking the Buck

    Breaking the buck occurs when the net asset value (NAV) of a money market fund falls below $1.
  2. Mutual Funds

    Retail Fund

    A retail fund is an investment fund with capital invested by individual investors.
  3. Mutual Funds

    Relative Return

    Relative return is the return an asset achieves over a period of time compared to a benchmark.
  4. Financial Analysis


    A Z-Score is a statistical measurement of a score's relationship to the mean in a group of scores.
  5. International / Global

    Force Majeure

    Force majeure refers to a contract clause that removes liability for natural and unavoidable catastrophes that restrict participants ...
  6. Debt

    Joint Credit

    Joint credit is credit issued to two or more people, based on their combined incomes, assets and credit histories.
  7. International / Global

    Balance of Payments (BOP)

    The balance of payments is a statement of all transactions made between entities in one country and the rest of the world over ...
  8. Financial Technology

    Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)

    A very small aperture terminal (VSAT) is the earthbound portion of a satellite communication system that can be used to send ...
  9. Mutual Funds

    Style Box

    Style boxes were created by Morningstar and designed to visually represent the investment characteristics of stocks and mutual ...
  10. Forex & Currencies

    Rollover Rate (Forex)

    The rollover rate is the interest rate differential added to a transaction when extending its settlement date.
  11. Career / Compensation

    Credit Business Associate - CBA

    Credit Business Associate (CBA) is a designation issued by the National Association of Credit Management (NACM).
  12. Career / Compensation

    Investment Advisory Representative - IAR

    Investment Advisory Representative (IAR) refers to personnel who work for investment advisory companies.
  13. Debt

    Judgment Lien

    A judgment lien is a court ruling that gives a creditor the right to take possession of a debtor's real property if the debtor ...
  14. Entrepreneurship

    Development Stage

    A company that is in the early state of its corporate existence is said to be in the development stage.
  15. Crime & Fraud


    The intentional misappropriation of assets for personal use is a form of fraud called embezzlement.