Investopedia Staff

Investopedia Staff

Investopedia believes that individuals can excel at managing their financial affairs. As such, we strive to provide free educational content and tools to empower individual investors, including thousands of original and objective articles and tutorials on a wide variety of financial topics.

  1. Real Estate

    Power Of Sale

    Power of sale is a clause in a mortgage that gives the lender the right to foreclose on a property without judicial review ...
  2. Real Estate


    A lessee is a person who rents land or property and must follow restrictions and guidelines set by a lease agreement.
  3. Financial Analysis

    Benefit Cost Ratio - BCR

    Benefit cost ratio is a ratio attempting to identify the relationship between the cost and benefits of a proposed project. ...
  4. Financial Analysis

    Bank Discount Basis

    Bank discount basis is a convention used when quoting prices for fixed income securities sold at a discount, such as U.S. Treasury ...
  5. Financial Analysis

    Margin Pressure

    Businesses experience margin pressure when their operating profitability is affected by rising costs or falling revenues.
  6. Financial Analysis

    Prior Probability

    A prior probability, in Bayesian statistical inference, is the probability of an event based on established knowledge, before ...
  7. Financial Analysis

    Personal Finance

    Personal finance is all about managing your income and your expenses, and saving and investing.
  8. Financial Analysis


    End-to-end is a term used in many business arenas referring to products or solutions that cover every state of a particular ...
  9. Financial Analysis

    Horizontal Integration

    Horizontal integration is the acquisition of a business operating at the same level of the value chain in similar or different ...
  10. Financial Analysis

    Internal Audit

    An internal audit evaluates the effectiveness of a company’s internal controls and its corporate governance and accounting ...
  11. Financial Analysis

    Conditional Value At Risk - CVaR

    Conditional Value at Risk (CVaR) quantifies the potential extreme losses in the tail of of a distribution of possible returns.
  12. Financial Analysis

    Capital Reserve

    A capital reserve is an anachronistic term for an account on the balance sheet which represents the accumulated capital surplus ...
  13. Financial Analysis

    SEC Form 13F

    SEC Form 13F, a quarterly report filed by institutional investment managers which discloses their U.S. equity holdings, reveals ...
  14. Financial Analysis

    International Accounting Standards - IAS

    International Accounting Standards are an older set of standards which were replaced by International Financial Reporting ...
  15. Financial Analysis


    Productivity measures the efficiency of production in macroeconomics, and is typically expressed as a ratio of GDP to hours ...