The U.S. Federal Reserve has announced its final guideline that might allow crypto banks to enter the banking system. The central bank will set up a three-tiered system for determining whether financial institutions have access.
As part of the final guideline, institutions with novel financial products will have access to the fed's "master accounts" and payment services. Notably, this might impact the Wyoming-based custodian bank that had filed a lawsuit against the Federal Reserve earlier this year in June and might finally benefit from this move.
In a statement, Fed Vice Chair Lael Brainard said, "The new guidelines provide a consistent and transparent process to evaluate requests for Federal Reserve accounts and access to payment services in order to support a safe, inclusive, and innovative payment system."
- The Federal Reserve has released the final guideline that might grant crypto bank access to its “master account.”
- Access from the Fed will allow financial institutions to provide crypto and traditional banking services.
- The guideline includes a three-tiered system that evaluates the risk levels.
What is The Three-Tiered Framework?
The three-tiered framework serves as a direction in evaluating the risk level of the applicant institution. In the case of Tier 1, it is for federally insured applicants. Tier 2, on the other hand, is not for the federally-insured applicant but is still subject to "subject prudential supervision by a federal banking agency." Tier 3 is for applicant institutions that are "not federally insured and not subject to prudential supervision by a federal banking agency.” This category is where Wyoming crypto banks, such as Custodia and Kraken, would most likely fit.
No Need For Traditional Banks
With Fed approval, crypto banks will no longer require partnerships with traditional banks that serve as their intermediaries, as they will be sidelined, and their financial systems will be opened up to these banks. It will give crypto banks the option to perform a duo function. Noelle Acheson, Head of Market Insights at Genesis Trading, hailed the Fed's decision as a small but important step.
The Bottom Line
Interestingly, cryptocurrency only appears once in the 49-page guideline as a whole. The guidelines, however, include crypto without a doubt. The Federal Reserve's move hasn't explicitly granted access to crypto banks, but it might be a preview of things to come. In any case, the Fed has warned against keeping high hopes, so it's crucial to watch how this plays out.