Platinum is the third most heavily-traded commodity in the world, after gold and silver. Platinum is difficult to buy and keep physically. However, investors can buy exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that specialize in the commodity. In addition to being a rare precious metal, there is great demand because it is used in car parts and electrical circuitry and even has some medical uses. Of course, platinum jewelry is also popular.

Platinum has been experiencing a price decline in recent years and is expected to remain under pressure over the next few months. Yet, several events could boost the metal's value over the next year. Platinum mine output has been lower from mine closings and decreased investment which has limited supply. If demand continues to be strong, the imbalance between supply in the market and demand could mean a rise in price for the precious metal. Analysts expect to keep a close watch on platinum as it competes for use with palladium in automobiles and electric cars. India and China are also reportedly increasing demand for platinum jewelry. Meanwhile, industrial sectors such as petroleum and glass are projecting increased usage.

However, most platinum ETFs have been under pressure in the first eight months of 2018, after stalling through most of 2017. Two funds that we previously covered were shut down in spring of 2018, The iPath Bloomberg Platinum Subindex Total Return ETN (PGM) in April and the ETRACS CMCI Long Platinum Total Return ETN (PTM) in May. The iPath ETN from Bloomberg was shuttered as part of a phasing out of 50 iPath ETNs, all in April. In anticipation of this, iPath launched 15 "Series B" commodity ETNs in January that were similar to the 50 being shuttered, but less expensive for investors. We are including one of these "Series B" ETNs, the iPath Series B Bloomberg Platinum Subindex Total Return ETN (PGMB) among our listings.

In addition to PGMG, we have selected the top two platinum ETFs for investors to keep in mind, should trends in the industry improve. The three were pick based on their resilience amid the platinum price decline and the outlook for 2018-2019. Incremental demand changes could generate larger gains, specifically for investors watching market trends.

Note: Data on the funds is as of September 16, 2018.

1. ETFS Physical Platinum Shares (PPLT)

  • Avg. volume: 88,015
  • Net assets: $488.70 million
  • Dividend yield: N/A
  • YTD return: -15.56%
  • Expense ratio: 0.60%
  • Price: $75.60

PPLT is the strongest choice for gaining exposure to the price of physical platinum. Buying shares in this ETF gives the investor nearly the same return as actual platinum would, minus fund expenses. Note that the expense ratio is 0.60%.

Investors tend to use PPLT to avoid exposure to the futures market while gaining exposure to platinum. The fund buys and holds platinum bars and stores them in vaults. It does not pay a dividend because it only holds platinum bullion.

2. GraniteShares Platinum Trust (PLTM)

  • Avg. volume: 4,488
  • Net assets: $3.55 million
  • Dividend yield: N/A
  • YTD return: N/A
  • Expense ratio: 0.50%
  • Price: $79.47

GraniteShares Platinum Trust, which debuted on January 22, 2018, is only the second ETF to be backed by physical platinum – following the ETFS physical platinum shares. This low-cost fund has only been around for eight months and fills a void for those looking to invest in platinum ETFs, amid recent fund closings. The platinum underlying the fund will be stored in a secure vault in London. GraniteShares is newly introducing commodities ETFS, having also backed the GraniteShares Gold Trust (BAR) last year.

So far, since it began trading in late January 2018, GraniteShares Platinum Trust has fallen just under 21%.

3. iPath Series B Bloomberg Platinum Subindex Total Return ETN (PGMB)

  • Avg. volume: 163
  • Net assets: $3.42 million
  • Dividend yield: N/A
  • YTD return: N/A
  • Expense ratio: 0.45%
  • Price: $39.10

PGM offers a different approach to the platinum futures market. It tracks an index of one platinum futures contract at a time, starting three months from maturity and held until just before expiration, according to a set schedule. As a result, the performance is different from that of spot prices. That makes the note cheaper than and different from a competitor such as PPLT, which more closely tracks spot prices. Because it's an ETN, taxes are lower. However, it is thinly traded and it can be difficult and costly to get out of the note.

The fund was launched January 17, 2018 and is currently down 21.50% since that time.

The Bottom Line

PGMB does not create new shares, primarily because it is an ETN. This can lead to overvaluation of this entity. Creating new shares tends to reduce the price of an ETF, but since ETNs seldom issue new shares, there are no new issues to counter the rise in share prices. However, investors who are interested in platinum can buy existing shares of this ETN. PPLT and PLTM are actual ETFs with numerous shares available.

Overall, opportunities for platinum are highly dependent on market trends. Commercially and as a potential safe haven it has the potential to increase in value through greater consumer demand. Industrial uses are also a highly sensitive factor, especially as manufacturing in the automotive industry advances and new developments occur with electric vehicles. Buying into platinum is speculative, therefore investors should allocate accordingly and expect to watch the market consistently to take advantage of potential gains.

Want to learn how to invest?

Get a free 10 week email series that will teach you how to start investing.

Delivered twice a week, straight to your inbox.