The time value of money calculations can also be used to calculate the net present value of a series of cash flows, or of an investment plus a series of cash flows. Basically, the net present value calculation compares the value of a dollar today with the value of that dollar in the future, after taking rate of return and/or inflation into account. When evaluating an investment, it is desirable for the net present value to be greater than the amount invested; otherwise, there is no incentive to make that investment.



Exam Tips and Tricks
A typical time value of money question will look something like this:

  1. If $10,000 is invested at 6%, compounded monthly, it would be worth $18,194 in 10 years. $18,194 would be the investment's _____________.
    1. Internal rate of return
    2. Present value
    3. Expected return
    4. Future value

The correct answer is "d" - the ending value is known as the future value.

Rates of Return

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