Investing can be a complicated process. But the main goal for anyone who socks their money away is to make as much money as possible. Some of the safest avenues to save and earn interest are traditional accounts, such as a savings account or a certificate of deposit (CD).
One thing you'll want to remember if you put the bulk of your money in these vehicles is that you won't make much more than 1% in interest each year. That's better than spending the money, but in order for it to truly grow in value, it has to perform better than the rate of inflation.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the average rate of inflation for the first half of 2022 was 6.2%. Most financial planners, though, use 3.0% as the historical average. Regardless of which rate you prefer to use, you may need help to guide you toward the best vehicles out there. We've devised a list of seven exchange-traded funds (ETFs) you may want to consider if you decide to move from a savings account to a higher-earning investment.
- Investing in savings accounts and certificates of deposit won't help you grow your money.
- Consider investing in ETFs in lieu of low-yielding investment vehicles.
- Index ETFs try to mirror the returns of their underlying index, such as the S&P 500.
- Bond ETFs allow investors to spread their money across hundreds or thousands of bonds at the same time.
- With sector ETFs, you add more weight to a part of the economy that you think will outperform.
Using Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) to Save
Investing in ETFs is the hottest trend since the mutual fund. As of the second quarter of 2022, there were 2.952 ETFs listed in the United States. These investments represented $6.249 trillion in assets. The average trading volume for U.S.-listed ETFs was 2.78 billion.
There are many easy-to-understand ETFs within this group that have the potential to outperform inflation. To yield better results, you have to take on more risk, but some ETFs offer much lower risk than individual stocks. For investors with a longer-term time horizon, these ETFs can build long-term savings better than a savings account or CD. We've divided them up between index, bond, and sector ETFs.
Index ETFs follow a large market index. When developing an investment portfolio, remember to take a balanced approach. Some financial planners recommend that younger investors should have a heavier weighting in stock market index ETFs in their portfolios.
If you need some ideas, here are three index ETFs you may want to consider.
The SPDR S&P 500
The SPDR S&P 500 (SPY) mirrors the performance of the S&P 500. Not only is it the largest ETF in the world, but it's also the oldest. Launched in 1993, the fund has more than $357.6 billion in assets under management (AUM). The fund's fees are only 0.09%, which is far below the category average of 0.35%.
The fund had 504 holdings as of July 20, 2022. The top five companies were Apple (7.05%), Microsoft (5.88%), Amazon (3.22%), Alphabet Class A (2.05%), and Alphabet Class C (1.90%). The top three sector weightings were:
- Information Technology (27.71%)
- Healthcare (14.49%)
- Consumer Discretionary (11.18%)
This fund eclipsed the performance of most savings accounts over the five-year period ending June 30, 2022, yielding 11.16%.
The iShares Russell 2000 Value Index
If you want to capture the performance of smaller companies, you need the iShares Russell 2000 Value Index ETF (IWM). Established in 2000, IWM has $11.88 billion in AUM as of July 20, 2022. With an expense ratio of 0.24%, its cost is still below the industry average, and this fund is a favorite among small-cap investors.
IWM is heavily weighted in financials (27.89%), industrials (12.75%), and real estate (11.63%). Its top five holdings were Southstreet, Stag Industrial REIT, Agree Realty REIT, RBC Bearings, and Southwest Gas Holdings. IWM returned 4.71% to investors over a five-year period as of June 30, 2022.
The Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF
If you want the broadest representation of the U.S. stock market, consider the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI). The fund follows an index that invests in a sample of stocks from the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq. This fund was launched in 2001 and, like any Vanguard product, is fairly inexpensive with an expense ratio of just 0.03%. Assets under management were $1.11 trillion.
There were 4,098 stocks in the fund as of the end of June 2022, with a focus on technology (25.8%), healthcare (14.3%), and consumer discretionary (13.8%). Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Alphabet Class A, and Tesla were the top five holdings. VTI returned 10.52% in a five-year period as of June 30, 2022.
Investors often use index ETFs as core holdings along with a mixture of bond ETFs in their portfolios.
Bond ETFs allow you to invest in the safety of bonds without the risk of holding individual bonds. These funds invest in hundreds or thousands of bonds at the same time, making your money relatively safe.
That said, don't expect to see big price gains in these ETFs. It's the dividend yield that should interest you. The older you are, the more your investment dollars should be in bonds. Here are two bond ETFs to consider.
The iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond ETF
This fund (HYG) gives investors exposure to the higher-yielding corporate bonds on the market. The fund was launched in 2007 and had $14.26 billion in AUM as of July 21, 2022. The expense ratio was 0.49%.
HYG's sector breakdown was heavily weighted in communications (19.47%), consumer cyclical (19.24%), and consumer non-cyclical (13.48%). As of July 20, 2022, its top five holdings were Ford Motor Credit, CCO Holdings, Centene, Tenet Healthcare, and CSC Holdings. The total return for this ETF was 1.18% after five years. Its dividend yield was 4.72%.
The iShares iBoxx $ Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETF
Higher yields come with higher risk. To capture the returns of higher-rated bonds, look at the iShares iBoxx $ Investment Grade Corp Bond Fund (LQD). This ETF not only gives you the safety of investing in a large basket of bonds, but all are highly rated with little chance of default.
LQD began trading in 2002. It reported a total AUM of more than $33.34 billion as of July 21, 2022. The expense ratio is only 0.15%.
Banking, consumer non-cyclical, and communications were the top three sectors in the fund. Top holdings as of July 20, 2022, were Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, and Morgan Stanley, The fund returned 1.20% after five years and its dividend yield was 2.75%.
ETFs come with lower average costs because it would be expensive for an investor to buy all the stocks held in an ETF portfolio individually.
Sector ETFs are riskier than the index ETFs discussed previously. Investors use these securities to add more weight to an area of the economy they believe may outperform the rest of the economy in the coming years.
You expose your portfolio to much higher risk with sector ETFs, so you should use them sparingly, but investing 5% to 10% of your total portfolio assets may be appropriate. If you want to be highly conservative, don't use these at all.
Consider the two funds below.
The Financial Select Sector SPDR
The Financial Select Sector SPDR (XLF) is one of the most popular sector ETFs. The fund invests in a basket of stocks that represent the financial sector. It began trading in 1998 and has an expense ratio of 0.10%. Total assets under management as of July 20, 2022, were $29.18 billion.
Banks, capital markets, and insurance were the three largest sectors that made up the fund. The ETF's largest holdings as of July 20, 2022, were Berkshire Hathaway, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Wells Fargo, and S&P Global. Its five-year return was 7.08%. The fund's dividend yield was 2.03%.
The Invesco QQQ Trust Series 1
Although not technically a sector ETF, the Invesco QQQ (QQQ) is the ETF of choice for investors who want to capture the performance of the technology sector. This ETF was launched in 1999 and reported assets under management of $152.73 billion. The fund has an expense ratio of 0.2%.
Information technology, communication services, and consumer discretionary were the top three sectors. The ETF had 102 holdings, of which the top five were Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Tesla, and Alphabet Class C. The fund returned 16.14% to investors after five years as of June 30, 2022. It has no yield.
The Bottom Line
Keeping money in a savings account might feel safe, but its value is eroding due to inflation. That might change in future years as interest rates rise, but for now, a relatively safe way to put your money to work is through ETFs.
Take a look at each fund's website and learn all you can about each security you are interested in adding to your portfolio. You should be able to talk to your friends or family about the details of the fund before investing real money. If you can't do that, you're not ready to invest.