What is the college degree that you should have gotten? Maybe it's the one you did get. But sometimes when people are getting out of college—and they and their friends start hitting the job market—they realize that the opportunities open to grads with their particular major are not necessarily in the career fields they'd like to go after. Or they realize that the fields they thought they wanted to pursue actually pay a pittance of what new grads with different majors are being offered.
The price of a college education these days is enough to make even the most well-heeled students gulp. So it’s worth thinking of your degree as an investment in your future, not just the next hurdle you have to get over in order to land that first job.
The most valuable degrees are the ones that not only provide an immediate payoff after college but also afford those who pursue them long-term career satisfaction and the possibility of earnings growth. Here are some degrees that can produce those kinds of results—and that anyone still in school may want to consider.
- STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) degrees dominate the list of collegiate programs that lead to top-paying careers.
- While some bachelor's degrees in the humanities and social sciences don't typically offer high salaries, they can provide a foundation for a graduate degree and a more lucrative career.
- The value of a college degree is not only measured by the starting salary but also the potential for long-term wage growth.
If you’re a born problem-solver, engineering might be the ideal degree. Several specialties rank near the top of the list when it comes to high-earning college programs. For example, degrees in petroleum engineering prepare you to design systems for extracting underground oil and gas deposits. A bachelor’s in the field will yield an average starting salary of $84,000, on average, and mid-career pay of nearly $118,000, according to the website Payscale.
Other lucrative bachelor's degrees include operations research and industrial engineering, which focus on the efficient management of human capital and equipment within a business. Even those with just an undergraduate degree generate an average mid-career salary of $77,600.
Other top-paying degrees include systems engineering—a program that focuses on the management of electrical, mechanical, and other complex systems—as well as marine engineering and aeronautical engineering. Grads with a degree in chemical engineering will earn a median income of $66,000 to start, and $87,000 at the mid-point of their career.
Some of the highest-paying jobs in the country are in the healthcare sector. But you don’t need to become a doctor to bring home a very respectable paycheck. A degree in nursing, for example, provides a competitive salary with a lot less schooling. Registered nurses start out with an average salary of $55,000, according to Payscale. However, nurses with a Bachelor's degree earned an average salary of $73,300 in 2019, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
While wage growth is a little more tepid than in some fields, there are plenty of opportunities to cash in later in your career. Those who go on to get their master’s degree, for example, can become nurse practitioners, who earn an average salary of $115,800. Those who go into nursing management can also do well for themselves. Nursing directors, for example, earn $88,682 a year, on average, according to Payscale.
The long-term outlook for nurses is particularly rosy, with the BLS predicting 12% employment growth between 2018 and 2028, while jobs for nurse practitioners are expected to grow by 26%. The trend is driven in large part by the aging population.
There are many different occupations within the computer and information technology field. Employers are willing to pay big bucks for people who know how to program software, manage computer systems, and manipulate data.
According to the job-search site Ziprecruiter, the average person with a computer science degree will earn entry-level compensation of somewhere between $45,000 and $52,000. However, that’s just the start. IT managers, who design and support computer and network systems, typically bring in $86,010 a year.
Below are the average salaries for various IT positions in 2019, according to the BLS.
|Computer and Information Technology Salaries|
|Job Title||Education||Avg. Salary|
|Computer Information Research||Master's degree||$122,840|
|Software Developers||Bachelor's degree||$107,510|
|Computer Programmers||Bachelor's degree||$86,550|
|Web Developers||Associate's degree||$73,760|
|Computer Support Specialists||none||$54,760|
Private companies and governments have massive amounts of data at their disposal, which means they’re in need of professionals who can make sense of it all. It’s one of the reasons why a degree in math is the gateway to a broad array of rewarding jobs.
For example, an actuary assesses financial risks for investment and insurance companies. Actuaries earned a salary of $108,350 in 2019, according to the BLS. Actuaries have to pass a ladder of certifying exams, both during and after college, to reach the highest levels of their field.
A statistician usually requires at least a master’s degree and paid an average salary in 2019 of $92,000 per year. Both actuaries and statisticians have great employment growth prospects with a 20% expected growth rate for actuaries and a 30% growth rate for statisticians between 2018 and 2028.
Science-related jobs represent some of the most well-compensated positions in the workforce. A bachelor’s degree in aeronautics or astronautics, for instance, will yield an average wage of $69,365 at the start and $94,500 by mid-career, according to Payscale.
Of course, a bachelor's degree in biology or a related science can also be a great springboard for some high-demand careers in healthcare. A microbiologist, for example, with a bachelor's degree earned an average of $75,650 in 2019, according to the BLS.
Those who go on to medical school will earn an average salary of $213,000 if they become primary care doctors who provide preventative care for patients and refer to specialists when needed. For those who specialize, the salary can vary. A dentist earned in 2019 an average salary of $159,200 while Optometrists, who treat eye conditions, earned $115,250 according to the BLS.
Chiropractors earned $70,340 in 2019 while a physician assistant earns an average salary of $93,719, and only requires a master’s degree.
The salaries for other science and medical-related jobs, some of which don't need a college degree, are listed below according to 2019 data from the BLS.
|Science and Medical Salaries|
|Job Title||Degree or Training||Avg. Salary|
|Clinical Lab Technician||Bachelor's degree||$53,120|
|Dental Hygienists||Associate's degree||$76,220|
|Pharmacist||B.S. + PharmD||$128,090|
|Physical Therapist Asst.||Certification Training||$48,990|
While top leadership positions in business often require an MBA, even an undergraduate degree can be lucrative if you select the right one. There are several majors that are typically included within the business school of most universities, including accounting, finance, and business administration or management.
According to Payscale, majors in public accounting can do particularly well, earning average starting salaries of approximately $60,000. In 2019, the average salary for an accountant with a bachelor's degree was $71,550 according to the BLS. However, public accountants that prepare financial statements for individuals and corporations while employed at an accounting firm would be required to become a certified public accountant CPA, which is a four-part test on various accounting theories, rules, practices, and terms.
Finance majors have several choices to specialize in that includes becoming a financial analyst. An FA is responsible for helping companies, and financial institutions choose high-performing investments. An FA's average salary for those with a bachelor's degree is $85,660. However, many FAs must be certified as a chartered financial analyst (CFA) before they can offer investment advice.
A financial manager can work in insurance, securities, and investments as well as manage the accounting process for a corporation. According to the BLS, the average salary was $147,530 in 2019 for finance managers. Insurance underwriters earn an average of $70,000 while loan officers earn $63,270, which could have either an accounting or finance degree.
Personal financial advisors typically have a bachelor's degree and can earn $87,850 but might need to obtain certification as well, such as a certified financial planner (CFP) designations.
Business Administration or Management
Bachelor's degrees in business analysis, a hybrid of business management and statistics, can also be quite rewarding. On average, individuals with this degree will take home $53,400 in the beginning and $129,800 by the midpoint of their career.
Humanities and Social Sciences
You may not associate degrees in English, philosophy, or sociology with big-money jobs after college, but the critical thinking and communication skills they help develop can be valuable down the road. These degrees are sought-after in MBA and other graduate programs, where those qualities can lead to more insightful, outside-the-box perspectives.
One often-overlooked option is a degree in political science. It’s beneficial if you plan on working in the public sector, of course, but it’s also a powerful stepping-stone into other fields, such as finance or the law—and attorneys make an annual salary of $122,960, according to the BLS.
Another potentially high-paying field within the social science umbrella: economics. Professionals who are capable of analyzing complex economic data earn a median of $105,000 a year, according to BLS. However, many jobs in this discipline require a master’s degree or higher.
The Bottom Line
The best college degree is the one that combines your interests and skills and coincides with market demand and earnings potential. Don’t rely on assumptions about careers perceived as high-paying. Instead, it's important to do the research to find out what specific fields offer in terms of hiring rates, starting salary, and average mid-career earnings.
In most cases, your resume is the first thing an employer sees. Make sure yours is the best it can be to ensure you have the best chance of landing a good job. Be sure yours has the keywords and format that will get you past the computer screening that many employers use.
And if this process and your first years of working leave you wishing you could rewrite history, you can. There are plenty of opportunities to switch fields—though; it may entail more education and more education debt. At least you should get credit for many of the courses you took in your first round of college.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Occupational Outlook Handbook: Registered Nurses." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.
BLS. "Computer and Information Technology Occupations." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.
BLS. "Actuaries." Accessed Aug. 12 2020.
BLS. "Mathematicians and statisticians." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.
BLS. "Healthcare Occupations." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.
BLS. "Business and Financial Occupations." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.
BLS. "Economists." Accessed Aug. 12, 2020.