Bonds & Fixed Income Education

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  1. Schaff Trend: A Faster And More Accurate Indicator

    The Schaff Trend Cycle Indicator is forward-looking and generates signals much faster than old indicators like the MACD. ...
  2. Retractable Preferred Shares

    A form of preferred stock called retractable preferred shares offers an option to sell shares back at a set price to the ...
  3. Parity Price

    Parity price is a term used to explain when two assets are equal in value.
  4. Call Price

    A call price is the price at which a bond or a preferred stock can be redeemed by the issuer.
  5. Keepwell Agreement

    A keepwell agreement is a contract between a parent company and its subsidiary to maintain solvency and financial backing ...
  6. Baby Bond

    A baby bond is a fixed income security issued in small dollar denominations, with a par value of less than $1,000. The small ...
  7. Operation Twist

    Operation twist is the name given to a Federal Reserve monetary policy operation that involves the purchase and sale of bonds.
  8. Bear Steepener

    A bear steepener is the widening of the yield curve caused by long-term rates increasing at a faster rate than short-term ...
  9. Delinquency Rate

    A delinquency rate is the percentage of loans within a loan portfolio that have delinquent payments.
  10. Default Rate

    The default rate is most commonly referred to as the percentage of loans that have been charged off after a prolonged period ...
  11. Mandatory Convertible

    A mandatory convertible is a type of convertible bond that has a required conversion or redemption feature. Either on or ...
  12. Corporate Refinancing

    Corporate refinancing is the process through which a company reorganizes its financial obligations by replacing or restructuring ...
  13. Tax-Equivalent Yield

    The tax-equivalent yield is the pretax yield that a taxable bond needs to possess for its yield to be equal to that of a ...
  14. Discounting

    Discounting is the process of determining the present value of a payment or a stream of payments that is to be received in ...
  15. Mortgage Bond

    A mortgage bond is a bond secured by a mortgage on one or more assets, typically backed by real estate holdings and real ...
  16. Creditor

    A creditor is an entity that extends credit by giving another entity permission to borrow money if it is paid back at a later ...
  17. Midgets

    Midgets is a slang term referring to a Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) bond, which has a 15 year maturity. ...
  18. Pledged Asset

    A pledged asset is an asset that is transferred to a lender for the purpose of securing debt.
  19. Bond Quote

    A bond quote is the price at which a bond is trading, typically expressed as a percentage of par value, with the percentage ...
  20. Binomial Tree

    A binomial tree is a graphical representation of possible intrinsic values that an option may take at different nodes or ...
  21. Bond Funds Boost Income, Reduce Risk

    Bond funds can provide stable returns for those who depend on their investment income.
  22. Flat Yield Curve

    The flat yield curve is a yield curve in which there is little difference between short-term and long-term rates for bonds ...
  23. Perpetual Bond

    A perpetual bond is a bond with no maturity date that is not redeemable but pays a steady stream of interest forever.
  24. Spot Rate Treasury Curve

    The spot rate treasury curve is a yield curve constructed using Treasury spot rates rather than yields. The spot rate Treasury ...
  25. Fixed-Rate Bond

    A fixed-rate bond is a bond that pays the same amount of interest for its entire term. An investor who wants to earn a guaranteed ...
  26. Primary Market

    A primary market is a market that issues new securities on an exchange, facilitated by underwriting groups and consisting ...
  27. SEC Yield

    The SEC yield is the standard yield calculation developed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that allows for ...
  28. AAA

    AAA is the highest possible rating assigned to the bonds of an issuer by credit rating agencies such as Standard & Poor's ...
  29. 30-Year Treasury

    The 30-Year Treasury is a U.S. Treasury debt obligation that has a maturity of 30 years. The 30-year Treasury used to be ...
  30. Bond Discount

    Bond discount is the amount by which the market price of a bond is lower than its principal amount due at maturity. This ...
  31. How To Invest In Corporate Bonds

    Understand the basics of corporate bonds to increase your chances of positive returns.
  32. Soft Call Provision

    A soft call provision is a feature added to convertible fixed-income and debt securities. The provision stipulates that a ...
  33. How are municipal bonds taxed?

    Discover information about the various tax implications for municipal bonds and zero-coupon municipal bonds at the state ...
  34. Interest Rate Collar

    An interest rate collar is an investment strategy that uses derivatives to hedge an investor's exposure to interest rate ...
  35. Bear Flattener

    Bear flattener is a yield-rate environment in which short-term interest rates are increasing at a faster rate than long-term ...
  36. Bureau Of Public Debt

    The Bureau of Public Debt was an agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that was responsible for borrowing ...
  37. Money Market Yield

    The money market yield is the interest rate earned by investing in securities with high liquidity and maturities of less ...
  38. Accreted Value

    Bonds that accrue interest, which is not related to market interest rates, are said to have accreted value.
  39. Pay To Bearer

    Pay to bearer means that any check or draft can be transferred to the holder by delivery without having to be endorsed.
  40. Investment Income Ratio

    Investment income ratio is the ratio of an insurance company’s net investment income to its earned premiums.
  41. Moody's

    An independent research company, through its subsidiaries Moody's provides economic analysis software and rates securities.
  42. Ba3/BB-

    Ba3/BB- is the bond rate given to debt instruments that are generally considered to be non-investment grade and speculative ...
  43. Bull Flattener

    A bull flattener is a yield-rate environment in which long-term rates are decreasing at a rate faster than short-term rates.
  44. Debenture Redemption Reserve

    A debenture redemption reserve is a provision that states that any Indian company that issues debentures must create a debenture ...
  45. Benchmark Bond

    A benchmark bond is a bond that provides a standard against which the performance of other bonds can be measured.
  46. Premium Bond

    A premium bond is a bond that is trading above its par value.
  47. Treasury STRIPS

    Treasury STRIPS are an acronym for 'separate trading of registered interest and principal securities'.
  48. Coupon

    A coupon is the annual interest rate paid on a bond, expressed as a percentage of the face value, also referred to as the ...
  49. Medium Term Note - MTN

    A medium term note is a note that usually matures in five to 10 years or a corporate note continuously offered by a company ...
  50. Zero-Volatility Spread - Z-spread

    The Zero-volatility spread is the constant spread that will make the price of a security equal to the present value of its ...
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