Financial Analysis Education

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  1. How can I obtain a telex release for a Bill of Lading?

    A telex release is a convenient option for shippers who do not need original documents for their accounting or legal records.
  2. How can you calculate diminishing marginal returns in Excel?

    Marginal returns may be calculated using Excel to help determine if additional production would result in prohibitive expense.
  3. How can you use a cash flow statement to make a budget?

    A company's operating cash inflows provide an indication of all the available cash that come into the company from various ...
  4. When is accrual accounting more useful than cash accounting?

    The accrual accounting method is more useful when a person or company is trying to understand the performance of a business ...
  5. What is the difference between "flip-in" and "flip-over" poison pills?

    A poison pill is a defense tactic used by corporations to thwart hostile takeovers making it difficult for the takeover candidate ...
  6. What factors are the primary drivers of banks' share prices?

    Bank share prices are driven by the same forces as any other shares including market sentiment, expectations about the future ...
  7. How do a Sharpe ratio and an information ratio differ?

    The Sharpe ratio and the information ratio are both tools used to evaluate the risk-adjusted rate of return of an investment ...
  8. How do I use the rule of 72 to calculate continuous compounding?

    The rule of 72 is a mathematical shortcut used to predict when a population, investment or other category will double in ...
  9. How do companies use the fixed charge coverage ratio?

    For companies that have extensive expenses for leasing equipment, the fixed charge coverage ratio is an extremely important ...
  10. The Top Bank of America Shareholders (BAC)

    Discover the largest individual and institutional holders of Bank of America (BAC) stock. Learn about the backgrounds of ...
  11. Understanding Alibaba's Business Model (BABA)

    Learn how Alibaba Group's business model relates to e-commerce leaders in the United States and discover how they play the ...
  12. The Top 4 Yelp Shareholders (YELP)

    Learn the stories behind the four largest individual shareholders of Yelp Inc., where they come from, and how many shares ...
  13. Do tax liabilities appear in the financial statements?

    Taxes appear in some form in all three of the major financial statements: the balance sheet, the income statement and the ...
  14. Discounted Cash Flow (DCF)

    Discounted cash flow (DCF) is a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of an investment opportunity.
  15. Goodwill

    Goodwill is an intangible asset that arises as a result of the acquisition of one company by another for a premium value.
  16. An Introduction to the Roth 401(k)

    The money you earn today is taxed today, making tax-free retirement withdrawals a reality.
  17. Debt/Equity Ratio

    The Debt/Equity (D/E) ratio indicates how much debt a company is using to finance its assets relative to the value of shareholders’ ...
  18. Market value versus book value

    Understanding book value and market value is helpful in determining a stock's valuation and how the market views a company's ...
  19. Capital Asset Pricing Model - CAPM

    Capital Asset Pricing Model is a model that describes the relationship between risk and expected return — it helps in the ...
  20. T-Test

    A t-test is used to determine the difference between two sample means from two normally distributed populations with unknown ...
  21. Top 4 Shareholders of Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A, BRK.B)

    Learn more about the largest institutional shareholders invested in Berkshire Hathaway.
  22. Dividend Discount Model - DDM

    The dividend discount model (DDM) is a system for evaluating a stock by using predicted dividends and discounting them back ...
  23. Weighted Average

    Weighted average is an average in which each observation in the data set is assigned or multiplied by a weight before summing ...
  24. What is the formula for calculating net present value (NPV) in Excel?

    Net present value is used to estimate the profitability of projects or investments. Here's how to calculate NPV using Microsoft ...
  25. Which financial principles help companies choose capital structure?

    The static trade-off theory and the pecking order theory are two financial principles that help a company choose its capital ...
  26. How do you calculate debt and equity ratios in the cost of capital?

    The cost of capital should correctly balance the cost of debt and cost of equity – also known as the weighted average cost ...
  27. The Weak, Strong and Semi-Strong Efficient Market Hypotheses

    The efficient market hypothesis theorizes that the market is generally efficient, but is offered in three different versions: ...
  28. The Four Rs of Investing in Retail

    Learn about the key success factors to consider for retail companies.
  29. The Top 6 Subsidiaries Owned by Berkshire Hathaway

    Learn the story behind a few of the privately-held companies owned by Berkshire Hathaway.
  30. Variable Cost

    A variable cost is a corporate expense that changes in proportion with production output.
  31. Unlevered Beta

    Unlevered beta is the beta of a company without any debt.
  32. Net Profit Margin

    Net profit margin, or net margin, is equal to net income or profits divided by total revenue and represents how much profit ...
  33. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles - GAAP

    GAAP is a common set of accounting principles, standards and procedures that companies must follow when they compile their ...
  34. The Top 5 Alibaba Shareholders (BABA)

    Alibaba (BABA) has grown into a global technology giant and the major shareholders have held steady. Here are the top five ...
  35. The Top 3 Exxon Mobil Shareholders (XOM)

    Learn the stories behind the three largest individual shareholders of Exxon Mobil, including former Secretary of State Rex ...
  36. The Top 3 Chevron Shareholders

    Learn the stories behind the largest individual shareholders of Chevron Corporation, where they came from, and how many shares ...
  37. The Top 4 Starbucks Shareholders (SBUX)

    Howard Schultz may have stepped down as CEO of Starbucks (SBUX), but he remains one of the coffee juggernaut's largest shareholders--for ...
  38. Top 4 Mutual Fund Holders of Apple (AAPL)

    Learn more about the largest mutual funds betting on Apple, Inc.
  39. What is the formula for calculating weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?

    Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the average after-tax cost of a company's various capital sources used to finance ...
  40. Private Equity|Investopedia

    Private equity is a non-publicly traded source of capital from investors who seek to invest or acquire equity ownership in ...
  41. The Top 3 General Motors Shareholders (GM)

    Learn the story behind General Motors’ three largest individual shareholders, from how many shares they hold to where they ...
  42. The Top 4 eBay Shareholders (EBAY)

    Learn more about the activities, achievements, and backgrounds of the four largest individual shareholders of eBay.
  43. Nightmare on Wall Street: The Spooky Terminology Of Investing

    Beware of zombies and Jekyll and Hyde companies! Read about the spooky terms circulating Wall Street.
  44. What is the difference between work in progress and work in process?

    The terms "work in progress" and "work in process" are used interchangeably to refer to products midway through the manufacturing ...
  45. The Top 5 British Petroleum Shareholders (BP)

    Learn the stories behind the five largest institutional shareholders of British Petroleum stock, who are all investment management ...
  46. The Top 4 General Electric Shareholders (GE)

    Learn more about the top four individual shareholders of General Electric (GE).
  47. Dalio: Are we repeating a historical financial crisis?

    Ray Dalio spoke with Investopedia Editor-in-Chief Caleb Silver about patterns in today's economy that may echo another era's ...
  48. The Real Reasons Millennials Aren't Buying Homes

    Millennials aren't buying homes – yet – due to perceived home affordability, lower marriage rates, tighter credit, student ...
  49. Home Depot Vs. Lowe's: The Home Improvement Battle

    Home Depot and Lowe's are both giants of the home improvement sector. Learn what sets them apart from each other.
  50. Pro Forma

    Pro forma is a Latin term that describes a method of calculating and presenting financial results to emphasize either current ...
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