Major Banks Plan to Offer Credit Cards to Consumers With No Credit Score

They agree to share bank account activity as an alternative

Chase, U.S. Bank, Wells Fargo, and other major credit card issuers have announced a new pilot program to make it easier for consumers without a credit score to be approved for a credit card. The banks plan to share checking and savings account information to develop an alternative way to gauge applicants' creditworthiness, according to a Wall Street Journal report.

  • Without a credit score, it's virtually impossible to get a credit card from a major issuer.
  • Several major banks are now looking at bank account activity as another way to gauge an applicant's creditworthiness.
  • The program could provide significant opportunities for historically disadvantaged communities to obtain reasonably priced credit.

Banks to Help Make Credit Cards More Accessible

Historically, it's been extremely difficult to get approved for a credit card—even a secured credit card—with no credit score. While some credit card companies allow for co-signers, many major issuers do not.

Now, however, some of the largest banks in the U.S. are working at the prompting of regulators to brainstorm ways to evaluate financial responsibility outside of the credit system. Instead of focusing on past dealings with creditors, card issuers would look to an applicant's bank accounts to assess their financial responsibility.

If an applicant doesn't have a credit score, for instance, but has no overdrafts or returned checks on their checking account, that could improve their odds of being approved for a credit card.

This isn't an entirely new concept. Petal made a splash in the credit card industry in 2018 when it launched a new credit card that didn't require a credit score for approval. Instead, the fintech company requested that applicants connect their financial accounts, and the company would develop a cash flow score based on how they managed their money.

That same year, FICO announced a new credit scoring system that includes how consumers manage their bank accounts. So far, no banks have used it. 

Some big banks have executed small-scale initiatives with the concept, though. Chase, Bank of America, and others have tweaked their risk models for existing customers with limited or no credit history to include bank account activity with the same bank. 

The new pilot program, which is set to start later this year, goes beyond that, with some 10 banks agreeing to exchange data. Applicants are not required to have a bank account with the credit card issuer they're applying to.

The banks are also discussing potential partnerships with financial data aggregators like Plaid and Finicity to consider an applicant's history of rent and utility payments in credit applications.

Why Access to Credit Matters

When it comes to consumer debt, credit card debt is far from ideal. But according to FICO, more than 50 million adults in the U.S. don't have a traditional credit score. So when they need credit, they're forced to rely on much more expensive and sometimes predatory options, including payday loans

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau highlighted the issue in a 2015 report, showing that Black and Latino adults were more likely to have no credit score than White and Asian adults.

Without a credit score, it's virtually impossible to get access to other forms of credit, such as auto loans, mortgage loans, and even private student loans, especially at reasonable rates. 

The upcoming pilot program got its initial spark from Project REACh, short for Roundtable for Economic Access and Change. The effort was launched by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and challenged bankers, fintech executives, and nonprofit leaders to develop ideas on how to increase access to credit for disadvantaged communities.   

An underwriting system that considers alternative credit data can make it easier for people in these communities to qualify for a credit card. And if they use the card to demonstrate good credit habits, it can help them build a credit history, opening up more opportunities for fairly priced auto loans, mortgages, and more. 

Article Sources
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  1. FICO. "Expanding Credit Opportunities."

  2. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "Data Point: Credit Invisibles," Page 17.

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