Cannabis has a lengthy and complicated history in the United States, to say the least. The use, sale, and possession of cannabis is illegal under federal law. However, individual states have enacted their own laws that often contradict the federal position.

In fact, the states that outlaw even medical marijuana use are far outnumbered by those in which the opposite is true. For some people, it may feel like cannabis use has been effectively normalized. However, even states where marijuana is fully legal have different policies regarding accessibility, criminalization, and sale. Plus, because of the federal laws outlawing cannabis, banking for those businesses in this industry remains a sticky issue.

Key Takeaways

  • As of May 2020, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana use in some form.
  • The Controlled Substances Act classified marijuana as a Schedule I drug, meaning it is considered to have "high abuse potential with no accepted medical use" under U.S. federal law.
  • Any marijuana products with 0.3% or more delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is still technically illegal within the United States.
  • When providing financial services to marijuana businesses, banks and institutions have to consider compliance costs, legal costs, logistical costs, educational costs, and reputational costs.

Marijuana Legalization in the U.S.

Prior to its more common association in the U.S. as a recreation substance, hemp crops were commonly grown during America's Colonial Era and the Early Republic, even by George Washington. However, the passage of the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act ultimately spelled the end of the hemp industry in the U.S.

By 1970, the Controlled Substances Act had classified marijuana as a Schedule I drug, which means that it is considered to have "high abuse potential with no accepted medical use" under federal law. Although the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 removed certain cannabis products (including hemp) from the Controlled Substances Act, making them legal to produce and market, anything with 0.3% or more delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is still federally illegal. In spite of this, several state and local governments have passed their own laws to allow the use of marijuana products, though some restrictions may apply.

Marijuana Businesses and Banking

A cannabis dispensary is a location regulated by the local government where marijuana-based products may be purchased. Even if it is illegal to sell recreational marijuana in a particular state, licensed dispensaries still can. This is particularly applicable in states with legalized medical marijuana. Also, these locations shouldn't be confused with "head shops," as only paraphernalia can be purchased in these retail outlets.

Getting licensed in any state to become a dispensary is often expensive, and ensuring you stay in legal compliance with local regulations is complicated because the rules change over time. They often require background checks for owners, employees, and investors. For anyone thinking of starting a dispensary, it is essential to perform a ton of research on existing and hypothetical laws, track down compliant rental properties, and potentially grow the actual product yourself.

Another complicating factor to this risky business is that financing options are limited. Due to the current federal laws surrounding marijuana, it's difficult for most cannabis businesses to secure the proper financing and to find a bank that will take their business. Federally-insured credit unions and banks take significant risks if they choose to work with marijuana companies, even if the substance is legal under local law. Financial transactions involving proceeds generated from marijuana sales could result in prosecution under money laundering statutes, unlicensed money transmitter statutes, or the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA).

Despite the risk, approximately 715 banks and credit unions are working with cannabis businesses. Numerica was one of the first financial institutions to offer its services to the marijuana industry, in 2014. Other credit unions, such as Salal, Partner Colorado, and MAPS, followed soon after. Outside of credit unions, Timberland is another example of a bank that works with the cannabis industry.

F

Source: FinCEN

When providing financial services to marijuana businesses, there are five key costs that banks and credit unions have to keep in mind:

  • Compliance costs: Constantly changing regulatory and legislative policies make it difficult for even the most scrupulous of cannabis-related companies to operate totally on the level. As such, financial institutions have to invest a lot of time and money to ensure that their partners aren't engaged in anything potentially illegal, intentionally or not.
  • Legal costs: Beyond financial liability for the actions of their partners, banks and credit unions must consider hiring legal counsel for consulting, in-house compliance management, and handling the often protracted proceedings resulting from lawsuits.
  • Educational costs: Given that this is a relatively new field , hiring outside help to ensure employees understand the intricacies of the marijuana industry can mean the difference between paying a little at the outset versus paying a lot down the road.
  • Logistical costs: An almost entirely cash-based business model comes with a lot of risks and complications, ranging from needing to hire additional security to be forced to work with expensive vendors.
  • Reputational costs: Even if marijuana is legal in a state, the financial institutions that chose to work with cannabis-related businesses are likely to still face criticism from their partners or members who disapprove of the substance's use as a recreational substance or who disapprove out of federal legal concerns.

Introduced in 2019, the Secure and Fair Enforcement (SAFE) Banking Act could be the silver bullet solution to the difficulties that discourage most banks and credit unions from doing business with the cannabis industry, according to its supporters. This bill is designed to prevent "...a federal banking regulator from penalizing a depository institution for providing banking services to a legitimate marijuana-related business." The bill received the two-thirds majority vote required to pass the House in September 2019.

The bill then moved on to Senate for consideration, where progress has essentially stalled. In addition to facing an unfriendly Republican majority, Senate Banking Committee Chairman, Mike Crap, has proved more interested in introducing his own legislation to address marijuana banking concerns—specifically something that would provide more protection for hemp and CBD businesses as well as ban high-THC vapes and certain edibles.

Marijuana Laws in Each State

Alabama Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Alabama for medical or recreational purposes. While first-time possession is only considered a misdemeanor, being caught with the substance a second time will result in a felony charge. The sale and delivery of marijuana is considered a felony.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Alabama, a 2014 law allows the use of cannabis extracts high in cannabidiol (CBD) for treating debilitating epileptic conditions, though only within the context of a state-sponsored clinical trial.

In April 2020, the Alabama Senate approved the Compassion Act, which would have made access to marijuana for medical purposes possible. While it seemed popular in the House, it hasn't received a vote due to legislative stalling caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Alaska Marijuana Laws: Legalized

Alaska was the second state in the U.S. to adopt decriminalization. It has been legal to possess, use, or cultivate marijuana in Alaska for both medical and recreational purposes since 1998 and 2014, respectively. However, these actions will result in a felony charge if they are not performed within the individual's private residence.

Residents may posses up to one ounce for either medical or recreational use. Possession of four or more ounces of cannabis is still considered a felony. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Citizens may grow up to six marijuana plants (no more than three mature) for non-commercial purposes.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Nausea

Arizona Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is a felony to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Arizona for recreational purposes. It has, however, been legal for medical purposes since 2011. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to two and one-half ounces of usable marijuana within a 14-day period. They may also cultivate up to 12 cannabis plants if they live more than 25 miles from a state-licensed dispensary facility.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Severe or chronic pain

Arizona is one of four states where residents will be able to vote on the legalization and taxation of recreational marijuana as part of the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

Arkansas Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is a felony to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Arkansas for recreational purposes. Additionally, first-time possession is only considered a misdemeanor, though only less than four ounces. Subsequent possession charges will result in a doubled penalty.

Cannabis has, however, been legal for medical purposes since 2016. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire an unspecified amount of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, isn't permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • ALS
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic or debilitating disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable pain
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • PTSD
  • Seizures
  • Severe arthritis
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Any medical condition or its treatment approved by the Department of Health

California Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, and purchase marijuana in California for both medical and recreational purposes since 1996 and 2016, respectively. Possession of one ounce or more for recreational use is a misdemeanor. The sale and delivery of marijuana is also a misdemeanor outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities unless it's in the form of a gift of 28.5 grams or less. Citizens may still grow up to six marijuana plants for recreational purposes. California also has an automatic expungement process for prior marijuana convictions that have since been decriminalized.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Anorexia
  • Arthritis
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Glaucoma
  • Migraine
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Severe nausea
  • Physicians may recommend medical marijuana for other illnesses

In 2019, the California legislature was working on a bill that would allow banks and credit unions to accept cash deposits from cannabis retailers. However, near the end of the year, it was moved to an "inactive file" for further review at an unspecified later date.

Colorado Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, and cultivate marijuana in Colorado for medical and recreational purposes since 2001 and 2012, respectively. However, possession of more than one ounce still carries a penalty, with larger amounts ranging from petty offenses to felonies. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Residents may also cultivate up to six cannabis plants (no more than three mature) for non-commercial purposes.  Colorado also has an expungement process for prior marijuana convictions that have since been decriminalized.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Any “condition for which a physician could prescribe an opioid”
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Chronic nervous system disorders
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Nausea
  • Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome

Approximately 35 banks are already partnering with cannabis businesses in Colorado. Governor Jared Polis is working to raise that number by a further 20% throughout 2020.

Connecticut Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Connecticut for recreational purposes. Possession is considered a minor crime, with any amount over a half-ounce resulting in a misdemeanor charge. The sale and delivery of marijuana, however, is considered a felony. Connecticut has also decriminalized marijuana to a limited extent.

Cannabis has been legal for medical purposes in Connecticut since 2012. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "one-month supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, isn't permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Chronic neuropathic pain associated with degenerative spinal disorders
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Crohn's disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hydrocephalus
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Intractable headache syndromes
  • Intractable neuropathic pain that Is unresponsive to standard medical treatments
  • Intractable Spasticity
  • Irreversible spinal cord injury with an objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity
  • Medial Arcuate Ligament Syndrome (MALS Syndrome)
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Neuropathic facial pain
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post Herpetic Neuralgia
  • Post-surgical back pain with a condition called Chronic Radiculopathy
  • Post Laminectomy Syndrome
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis
  • Severe rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Spasticity
  • Terminal illness requiring end-of-life care
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Uncontrolled Intractable Seizure Disorder
  • Vulvodynia and Vulvar Burning
  • Other medical conditions may be approved by the Department of Consumer Protection

Delaware Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Delaware for recreational purposes. Possessing more than 175 grams is considered a felony, as is the sale and delivery of any amount. In 2015, prior penalties for possessing one ounce or less were amended to civil penalties. Later in 2019, low-level possession by juvenile offenders was decriminalized.

Cannabis has been legal for medical purposes in Delaware since 2011. Qualifying residents may acquire up to six ounces of usable marijuana. Like in Connecticut, home cultivation isn't permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain (that has not responded to previously prescribed medication or surgical measures for more than three months)
  • Cirrhosis
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable epilepsy
  • Migraine
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Nausea
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

District of Columbia Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess and use marijuana in the District of Columbia for both medical and recreational purposes since 2010 and 2015, respectively. However, these actions will result in a misdemeanor charge if they are not carried out within the individual's private residence or if the amount in question is more than two ounces. It is still illegal to sell marijuana, but transfers without payment of up to one ounce are permitted. Citizens may grow up to six marijuana plants (no more than three mature) for recreational purposes.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Any other condition that is "chronic or long-lasting; debilitating; serious medical condition treatable with marijuana."

Florida Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is a felony to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Florida for recreational purposes. However, possession or sale of no more than 20 grams is only a misdemeanor.

Cannabis has been legal for medical purposes since 2016. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to four ounces of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Chronic nonmalignant pain
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Terminal illness (patients diagnosed with no more than 12-months to live)
  • Other debilitating medical conditions comparable to those enumerated

Earlier this year, the Availability of Marijuana for Adult Use bill was introduced in the Florida Senate, which would have legalized and regulated marijuana within the state. However, the legislature adjourned its session in March before any further action could be taken.

Georgia Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is a felony to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Georgia for either medical or recreational purposes. However, possession of no more than one ounce is only a misdemeanor.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Georgia, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2015, though only if it contains less than 5% THC.

Hawaii Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Hawaii for recreational purposes. Possessing three ounces to one pound equates to a misdemeanor, while anything more than a pound is considered a felony. As of Jan. 2020, possessing less than three ounces of cannabis is only a minor violation. Sale or delivery of any amount greater than one ounce will result in a felony charge.

Despite all of these restrictions, Hawaii was actually the first state to approve the use of marijuana for medical purposes, back in 2000. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to four ounces of usable marijuana. Citizens may also grow up to seven marijuana plants for medical purposes.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Lupus
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Nausea
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

As Hawaii-based institution have proven unwilling to provide financial services to medical marijuana dispensaries, a Colorado credit union has agreed to (temporarily) shoulder the responsibility. By signing up for the debit mobile app CanPay, a qualifying resident can receive QR codes that link to their checking account for the purpose of payment. This is the first cashless system for cannabis commerce in the U.S.

Idaho Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is a felony to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Idaho for recreational purposes. However, possession of no more than three ounces is only a misdemeanor.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Idaho, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2015, though only if it contains absolutely no trace of THC.

Illinois Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, and sell marijuana in Illinois for medical and recreational purposes since 2013 and 2019, respectively. However, possession of more than 30 grams of cannabis is considered a misdemeanor for first-time offenders, with repeat offenders receiving felony charges. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Citizens may grow up to five marijuana plants for medical purposes only. Illinois is also the first state to adopt a regulatory system for cultivating, testing, and selling cannabis through the state legislature.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • “Any medical condition for which an opioid has been or could be prescribed by a physician based on generally accepted standards of care”
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Arnold Chiari Malformation
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Causalgia
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
  • Chronic pain
  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 2
  • Crohn's disease
  • Dystonia
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hydromyelia
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Lupus
  • Migraines
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Myoclonus
  • Nail Patella Syndrome
  • Neuro-Behcet's Autoimmune Disease
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Neuropathy
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sjogren's Syndrome
  • Spinal cord disease
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA)
  • Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome
  • Syringomyelia
  • Tarlov Cysts
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury and post-concussion syndrome
  • Ulcerative Colitis

Indiana Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Indiana for medical or recreational purposes. Possessing any amount is only a misdemeanor for first-time offenders, while subsequent drug offenses and possessing more than 30 grams will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery of more than 30 grams is also a felony.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Indiana, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD both for treating qualifying conditions and recreational purposes since 2017 and 2018, respectively, though only if it contains no more than 0.3% THC. 

Iowa Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Iowa for either medical or recreational purposes. Possession of any amount of cannabis is only considered a misdemeanor, while sale and delivery will result in a felony charge.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Iowa, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2014, though only if it contains no more than 3% THC.

Earlier this year, HF 2589 was passed in the Iowa House of Representatives, which would have replaced the 3% THC potency cap with a purchasing limit of 4.5 grams of cannabis for medical purposes. However, the legislative session was suspended due to the coronavirus pandemic, meaning the Senate was unable to act on the bill.

Kansas Marijuana Laws: Legalized (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Kansas for either medical or recreational purposes. Possession of any amount, without the intent to distribute, is only a misdemeanor. The sale and delivery of cannabis, however, is considered a felony.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Kansas, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD both for recreational purposes and treating qualifying conditions and since 2018 and 2019, respectively. Medicinal CBD cannot have more than 5% THC, while recreational CBD must have absolutely no trace of it. 

Kentucky Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Kentucky for either medical or recreational purposes. While possession of fewer than eight ounces is only a misdemeanor, larger amounts will be treated as "prima facie evidence" that there is also intent to sell, resulting in a felony charge. Sale and delivery will also be treated as a felony unless less than eight ounces are sold by a first-time offender. Cultivation works much the same way, with first-time offenders growing less than five plants only receiving a misdemeanor charge.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Kentucky, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2014, though only if it contains less than 0.3% THC.

Earlier this year, HB 136 was passed in the Kentucky House of Representatives, which would have permitted the sale and purchase of cannabis for medical purposes within the state. However, the Senate's primary focus was on dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, resulting in the 2020 session adjourning before it could be voted on.

Louisiana Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Louisiana for recreational purposes. Most offenses related to cannabis in Louisiana don't have an official penalty, though possession of 60 pounds or more is considered a felony.

Cannabis has been legal for medical purposes since 2016. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "30-day supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable pain (defined as “pain so chronic or severe as to otherwise warrant an opiate prescription")
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Maine Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, and cultivate marijuana in Maine for both medical and recreational purposes since 1999 and 2016, respectively.  However, possession of more than 2.5 ounces of cannabis, or any amount outside of one's private residence, is still a crime. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Maine residents are permitted to grow up to three marijuana plants for recreational use, while those with qualifying medical conditions may grow up to six plants. 

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington's disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Nail-Patella Syndrome
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Maryland Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Maryland for recreational purposes. Possession of fewer than 10 grams is only a civil offense, any amount between 10 grams and 50 pounds is a misdemeanor, and 50 pounds or higher is a felony. Maryland also has an expungement process for prior marijuana convictions that have since been decriminalized.

Cannabis has been legal for medical purposes since 2014. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "30-day supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Anorexia
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Chronic pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Severe or persistent muscle spasms

Massachusetts Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Massachusetts for both medical and recreational purposes since 2013 and 2018, respectively.  Residents of Massachusetts are only permitted to possess up to one ounce of cannabis on their person, though they may possess up to 10 ounces so long as it is secured with a lock within their primary residence. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Massachusetts residents are permitted to grow up to six marijuana plants for non-commercial use.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Other conditions as determined in writing by a qualifying patient's physician

Michigan Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Michigan for both medical and recreational purposes since 2008 and 2018, respectively.  Residents of Michigan are permitted to possess up to 2.5 ounces of cannabis on their person, or up to 10 ounces in their place of residence. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Michigan residents are permitted to grow no more than 12 marijuana plants for non-commercial use.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Arthritis
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Colitis
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Nail Patella
  • Nausea
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Ulcerative Colitis

Minnesota Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Minnesota for recreational purposes. While possession of no more than 42.5 grams is only a misdemeanor, possessing larger amounts will result in a felony charge. The sale and delivery of cannabis works in much the same way, with 42.5 grams resulting in a misdemeanor, compared to larger sales being treated as felonies. Minnesota has partially decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses.

Marijuana has been legal in Minnesota for medical purposes since 2014. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "30-day supply" of usable marijuana, though they can only utilize non-smokable preparations. Home cultivation, however, isn't permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Age-related Macular Degeneration
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn's disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable pain
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Terminal illness
  • Tourette's Syndrome

In May 2020, legislation was introduced to the Minnesota House of Representatives that would legalize marijuana for recreational purposes. The HF 4632 bill isn't expected to pass in 2020, due to the legislature prioritizing the coronavirus pandemic and a general opposition by the Senate.

Mississippi Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD) and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Mississippi for either medical or recreational purposes. While possession of 30 grams or less won't incur a penalty for first-time offenders, subsequent offenses will result in a misdemeanor charge. Possessing larger amounts of cannabis will be treated as a felony. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity. Mississippi has decriminalized marijuana to a limited degree.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Mississippi, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat intractable epilepsy since 2014, though only if it contains less than 0.5% THC.

Missouri Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Missouri for recreational purposes. Possession of up to 35 grams is considered a misdemeanor, while larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity. Missouri has partially decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses.

Although medical marijuana was legalized for Missouri in 2018, the programs are not yet operational. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they will be able to acquire up to four ounces of usable marijuana within a 30 day period. Qualifying residents will be permitted to grow up to six plants for medical purposes.

Conditions that will qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Any "chronic, debilitating or other medical condition" that may be alleviated by marijuana "in the professional judgment of a physician"
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Chronic pain or neuropathy 
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington's disease
  • IBS
  • Intractable migraines
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Opioid substitution
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD) or other "debilitating psychiatric disorders"
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Terminal illness
  • Tourette Syndrome

Montana Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Montana for recreational purposes. Possession of up to 60 grams is only a misdemeanor, while larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Cannabis has been legal in Montana for medical purposes since 2004. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire one ounce of usable marijuana. Registered cardholders who have not named a provider may grow up to four plants.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Admittance into hospice care in accordance with rules adopted by the department
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Central nervous system disorder resulting in chronic, painful spasticity, or muscle spasms
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable nausea or vomiting
  • Painful Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Severe chronic pain that is "persistent pain of severe intensity that significantly interferes with daily activities as documented by the patient's treating physician"

Montana is one of four states where residents will be able to vote on the legalization and taxation of recreational marijuana as part of the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

Nebraska Marijuana Laws: Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Nebraska for medical or recreational purposes. Possession of up to one ounce is only a civil infraction for first-time offenders, while subsequent offenses and/or larger amounts (up to one pound) will result in a misdemeanor charge. Possessing more than one pound of cannabis is considered a felony. Sale and delivery is a felony regardless of the quantity. Nebraska has decriminalized marijuana to a limited degree.

Nevada Marijuana Laws: Legalized and Decriminalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Nevada for both medical and recreational purposes since 2001 and 2017, respectively. Residents of Nevada are permitted to possess up to one ounce of cannabis on their person, though larger amounts will result in a misdemeanor charge. The sale and delivery of cannabis is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Nevada residents may grow up to six plants for non-commercial use. Nevada has an expungement process for prior marijuana convictions that have since been decriminalized, though certain convictions may be sealed.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Anorexia
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Opioid dependency
  • Muscle spasms or seizures
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Neuropathic conditions (whether or not the condition causes seizures)
  • Severe nausea or pain

Nevada is currently poised to be one of the first states to introduce a banking system specifically for its cannabis industry. The system will be based around the exchange of electronic tokens, purchased by consumers through an app, which will then be used by consumers to buy products or for businesses to pay the state and local government. A pilot version of the program is expected to go live by July 2020.

New Hampshire Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in New Hampshire for recreational purposes. Possession of less than three-fourths of an ounce is only a misdemeanor on the fourth offense within three years, while possessing three-fourths or more is always considered a misdemeanor. The sale and delivery of cannabis, however, is considered a felony. New Hampshire has also decriminalized marijuana to a limited extent.

Cannabis has been legal in New Hampshire for medical purposes since 2013. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to two ounces of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy Induced Anorexia
  • Chronic pain
  • Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Elevated Intraocular Pressure
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C (currently receiving antiviral treatment)
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Lupus
  • Moderate to severe vomiting
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Nausea
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Severe pain (that has not responded to previously prescribed medication)
  • Spinal cord injury or disease
  • Traumatic brain injury

New Jersey Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in New Jersey for recreational purposes. Possession of up to 50 grams is a "disorderly person" offense, while larger amounts will be considered a crime in the fourth degree. Sale and delivery of less than one ounce is also a fourth-degree crime, with larger quantities of cannabis resulting in higher penalties. Distribution of 25 pounds or more is the highest, equating to a crime in the first degree. New Jersey also has an automatic expungement process for prior marijuana convictions.

Cannabis has been legal in New Jersey for medical purposes since 2010. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to three ounces of usable marijuana per month. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Addiction substitute therapy for opioid reduction
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Anxiety
  • Cancer (includes associated chronic pain and/or severe nausea)
  • Chronic pain
  • Chronic Visceral Pain
  • Crohn's disease
  • Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps)
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS (includes associated chronic pain and/or severe nausea)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Migraines
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Opioid dependency
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Terminal illness (if a doctor has determined the patient will die within a year)
  • Tourette's Syndrome

New Jersey is one of four states where residents will be able to vote on the legalization and taxation of recreational marijuana as part of the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

New Mexico Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in New Mexico for recreational purposes. In 2019, legislation was signed that decriminalized the possession of "personal use amounts" of cannabis. Possessing up to a half-ounce of marijuana carries no penalty other than a $50 fine. Larger amounts will result in a misdemeanor charge, excluding eight ounces or more, which is considered a felony. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Cannabis has been legal in New Mexico for medical purposes since 2007. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to eight ounces of usable marijuana within a 90-day period. Qualified residents may grow up to four mature plants.

New York Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in New York for recreational purposes. In 2019, legislation was signed that established procedures for the automatic expungement of prior cannabis convictions that have since been decriminalized. Possession of up to two ounces of marijuana is only considered a violation, more than two ounces and up to eight is a misdemeanor, and anything above eight ounces will result in a felony charge. While the sale and delivery of up to 25 grams is only a misdemeanor, larger amounts will be treated as a felony.

Cannabis has been legal in New York for medical purposes since 2014. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "30-day supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Acute pain management
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington's disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neuropathies
  • Opioid substitution
  • Spinal cord damage

North Carolina Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD) and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in North Carolina for either medical or recreational purposes. While possession of up to 1.5 ounces is only a misdemeanor, larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity. North Carolina has partially decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in North Carolina, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2014, though only if it contains less than 0.9% THC.

North Dakota Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in North Dakota for recreational purposes. While possession of less than a half-ounce is only a criminal infraction, larger amounts will result in a misdemeanor charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity. North Dakota has partially decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses.

Cannabis has been legal in North Dakota for medical purposes since 2016. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to three ounces of usable marijuana in 30-day period. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Agitation from Alzheimer's disease or related dementia
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Brain injury
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic or debilitating disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  • Endometriosis
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Intractable nausea
  • Neuropathy
  • Migraine
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Severe debilitating pain
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Tourette Syndrome

Ohio Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Ohio for recreational purposes. While possession of up to 200 grams is only a misdemeanor, larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity—unless it's in the form of a gift of 20 grams or less, then it's a misdemeanor. Ohio has partially decriminalized certain marijuana possession offenses.

Cannabis has been legal in Ohio for medical purposes since 2016. The amount that qualifying residents may receive at any one time, however, hasn't been specified. Home cultivation is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Pain that is either of the following nature: chronic and severe; or intractable
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Spinal cord disease or injury
  • Tourette's Syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Ulcerative Colitis

Oklahoma Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is currently illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Ohio for recreational purposes. Possession of any amount is always a misdemeanor, while sale and delivery is always a felony.

Cannabis has been legal in Oklahoma for medical purposes since 2018. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to eight ounces of usable marijuana. Home cultivation is permitted, though the number of plants isn't specified.

The decision to recommend cannabis therapy is up to the discretion of the treating physician.

Oregon Marijuana Laws: Legalized

Oregon is the first state in the U.S. to adopt decriminalization. It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, and cultivate marijuana in Oregon for both medical and recreational purposes since 1998 and 2015, respectively.  In public, residents of Oregon may possess up to one ounce without penalty, above one ounce, and up to two ounces with only a violation charge, and more than two ounces will be treated as a misdemeanor. In their primary residence, citizens may possess up to eight ounces without penalty for recreational use. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Residents may grow up to four plants for recreational purposes.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures

Pennsylvania Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Pennsylvania for recreational purposes. Possession is always a misdemeanor, regardless of the amount. Although sale and delivery of up to 30 grams is only considered a misdemeanor, larger quantities will result in a felony charge.

Cannabis has been legal in Pennsylvania for medical purposes since 2016. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire a "30-day supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Autism
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Dyskinetic/Spastic movement disorders
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington's disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Opioid dependency
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neuropathies
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Severe chronic or intractable pain
  • Terminal illness (defined as 12 months or fewer to live)
  • Tourette Syndrome

Rhode Island Marijuana Laws: Medical and Decriminalized

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Rhode Island for recreational purposes. While possessing less than one ounce is only considered a civil violation, possessing between one ounce and one kilogram will result in a misdemeanor charge. Anything greater than one kilogram will be treated as a felony. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity. Rhode Island has also decriminalized marijuana to a limited extent.

Cannabis has been legal in Rhode Island for medical purposes since 2006. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire up to 2.5 ounces of usable marijuana. Qualifying residents may also grow up to 12 plants.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn's disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures

South Carolina Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in South Carolina for either medical or recreational purposes. Possession of any amount is always a misdemeanor, while sale and delivery is always a felony.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in South Carolina, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2014, though only if it contains no more than 0.9% THC.

South Dakota Marijuana Laws: Fully Illegal

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in South Dakota for either medical or recreational purposes. Possessing two ounces or less is considered a misdemeanor, while larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Similarly, sale and delivery of less than a half-ounce is only a misdemeanor, while a half-ounce or more will be treated as a felony.

South Dakota is one of four states where residents will be able to vote on the legalization and taxation of recreational marijuana as part of the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

Tennessee Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Tennessee for either medical or recreational purposes. Possession of any amount is always a misdemeanor, while sale and delivery is always a felony.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Tennessee, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat intractable seizures since 2014, though only if it contains no more than 0.9% THC.

Texas Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Texas for either medical or recreational purposes. Possession of up to four ounces is considered a misdemeanor, while over four ounces will result in a felony charge. Similarly, sale and delivery of no more than seven grams of cannabis is a misdemeanor, with larger amounts resulting in a felony charge.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Texas, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2015, though only if it contains no more than 0.5% THC.

Utah Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Utah for recreational purposes. Possession of up to one pound is only a misdemeanor, while more than one pound is considered a felony. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Cannabis has been legal in Utah for medical purposes since 2018. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they may acquire "30-day supply" of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, is not permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Any condition resulting in hospice care
  • Any rare condition that affects fewer than 200,000 persons in the United States as defined by Section 526 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and is not adequately managed despite treatment attempts
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Autism
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis (and other disorders characterized by muscle spasticity)
  • Nausea (must be persistent)
  • Pain lasting longer than two weeks that is not adequately managed despite treatment attempts
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder “that is being treated or monitored by a licensed mental health therapist”
  • Terminal illness (where life expectancy is less than six months)
  • Ulcerative Colitis

Vermont Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, and cultivate marijuana in Vermont for medical and recreational purposes since 2004 and 2018, respectively. Residents are permitted to possess up one ounce of recreational cannabis. Possessing no more than two ounces will result in a misdemeanor charge, while over two ounces will be considered a felony. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Residents may grow up to six plants, but only two can be mature at a time.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Any patient receiving hospice care
  • Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Severe or chronic pain
  • Severe nausea

Virginia Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Virginia for either medical or recreational purposes. Starting in July 2020, possession of up to one ounce will be a civil violation. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Virginia, it is legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions, though only if it contains less than 10 milligrams of THC. While the original 2015 law established that it could only be used for intractable epilepsy, a 2018 piece of legislature expanded its availability for the treatment of any diagnosed condition.

Washington Marijuana Laws: Legalized

It has been legal to possess, use, purchase, sell, and cultivate marijuana in Washington for medical and recreational purposes since 1998 and 2012, respectively.  Residents are permitted to possess up one ounce of recreational cannabis in their private residences. Possessing more than one ounce will result in a misdemeanor charge, while over 40 grams will be considered a felony. The sale and delivery of marijuana is only illegal outside of the context of retail sales by state-licensed entities. Washington also has an expungement process for prior marijuana convictions.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Any "terminal or debilitating condition"
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable pain
  • Persistent muscle spasms, and/or spasticity
  • Nausea
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Traumatic brain injury

West Virginia Marijuana Laws: Medical

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in West Virginia for recreational purposes. Possession of any amount is always a misdemeanor, while sale and delivery is always a felony.

Although medical marijuana was legalized for West Virginia in 2016, the programs are not yet operational. If a resident possesses a qualifying condition, they will be able to acquire a currently unspecified amount of usable marijuana. Home cultivation, however, won't be permitted.

Conditions that qualify for medical marijuana prescriptions include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy (and other disorders characterized by seizures)
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neuropathies (chronic nerve pain)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Severe chronic or intractable pain
  • Spinal cord damage
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Terminally illness

Wisconsin Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Wisconsin for medical or recreational purposes. Possession of any amount is considered a misdemeanor for first offenders, while subsequent offenses will be treated as felonies. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Wisconsin, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2014, though it must be "in a form without a psychoactive effect." While originally permitted only for treating intractable seizures, a 2016 law expanded its availability for the treatment of any diagnosed condition. 

Wyoming Marijuana Laws: Medical (CBD)

It is illegal to possess, use, purchase, sell, or cultivate marijuana in Wyoming for medical or recreational purposes. Possession of up to three ounces is only considered a misdemeanor, while larger amounts will result in a felony charge. Sale and delivery is always a felony, regardless of the quantity.

Although marijuana can't be prescribed for medical purposes in Wyoming, it has been legal to use cannabis extracts high in CBD to treat qualifying conditions since 2015, though only if it contains less than 0.3% of THC.