Initial coin offerings are thriving despite increased SEC scrutiny.
Ninety-three ICOs have raised $1.97 billion so far this year, according to statistics from TokenData. January witnessed a record $1.5 billion in capital raise. Those figures mean the industry is on track to surpass last year’s total of $5.6 billion capital raise.
That news comes amid increasing rhetoric and actions by the SEC regarding a crackdown on suspect ICOs. (See also: SEC Warns Investors About Scam ICOs.)
But the agency’s statements may have wrought its own set of changes in the emerging ICO market.
How The ICO Industry Has Changed
The devil, as they say, lies in the details. (See also: Is Ethereum A Security? SEC Chair Sows Confusion.)
TokenData’s statistics reveals that a majority of initial coin offerings now raise most of their capital through private sales and pre-sales offerings. Pre-sale rounds, or coins issued to private investors, accounted for $1.62 million out of the total funds raised and an average of 58% of ICOs raised a majority of their capital through pre-sales. This practice helps ICOs avoid the glare of public scrutiny from regulatory agencies.
To maximize pre-sale capital raise, ICO promoters often offer tokens at a discount, known as Bonus, to large investors. The latter flip it for a profit during a public offering. According to TokenData, the average bonus offered in ICOs was 34%.
Whether the selling action by pre-sale investors affects the overall price for the token is still open to question because there is not enough data to establish correlations. “A closer look shows that the average return of ICOs with pre-sales still generates a 2x return from the main/public sale price,” the San Francisco-based firm wrote. “However, the median return shows a more nuanced picture with a 1.42x return.”
The preponderance of private and pre-sale capital raises has also extended average duration for fundraises by a month to 3 months. This is because pre-sale activities add another month to fundraising activities, according to TokenData.
Investing in cryptocurrencies and other Initial Coin Offerings ("ICOs") is highly risky and speculative, and this article is not a recommendation by Investopedia or the writer to invest in cryptocurrencies or other ICOs. Since each individual's situation is unique, a qualified professional should always be consulted before making any financial decisions. Investopedia makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or timeliness of the information contained herein. As of the date this article was written, the author owns small amounts of bitcoin.