Retirement can mean uncertainty if you haven’t taken steps to plan for it appropriately. In a June 2018 Bankrate survey, 61% of Americans admitted that they still don’t know how much they’ll need to save to retire.
Getting your target savings number right is an important part of the retirement planning process, but it’s just one thing to consider. Making sure you’re able to achieve your goals after you’ve retired is another.
According to Prudential’s 2018 Retirement Preparedness Survey, the biggest goals for retirees and pre-retirees include traveling, spending more time on leisure activities, starting a business or a new career, volunteering and going back to school. Your vision may feature different goals, but regardless of what you want to accomplish, the start of retirement is not the time to take your foot off the gas when it comes to planning.
“For many, going into retirement after years of planning and saving can give one the feeling of satisfaction that they’ve done enough, so now 'let’s enjoy,'” says Stuart Chamberlin, president and founder of Boca Raton-based Chamberlin Financial. “The thought of saving is behind them and now’s the time to enjoy the so-called 'golden years,' but this mindset can have a detrimental effect on their financial security.”
If you’re retired or nearing retirement, it’s important to keep your goals – and your plan to achieve them – firmly in sight.
Use the Bucket Approach to Plan Spending
As you move from saving to spending in retirement, consider how you’ll divvy up your assets. David Zavarelli, an independent financial advisor and certified financial planner based in Danbury, Connecticut says splitting assets into individual “buckets” can help you better plan spending.
“The first bucket is your short-term, which is two years or less,” Zavarelli says. “That money should be in cash or very short-term bond investments.”
The middle bucket is your three- to six-year bucket, which Zavarelli says you’d want to invest in a portfolio with a 50/50 split between stocks and bonds. “This bucket will periodically replenish the short-term cash need bucket,” he says.
The third bucket is your long-term bucket, which may have more equity exposure, potentially allowing for more growth. “The thought here is that since it’s intended to be longer term, there is less concern about short term market volatility,” Zavarelli says.
Once you’ve set up your buckets for spending, you can then decide which goals each one will fund. For example, part of your short-term bucket may be earmarked for emergency expenses. Another survey from Bankrate found that 25% of Baby Boomers have no emergency fund. Keeping three months to a year’s worth of expenses in a liquid savings account can help you cover any unexpected costs you might encounter, such as a car or home repair.
The middle bucket could be what you draw on to fund your lifestyle goals, such as starting a business or traveling more often. For example, the typical retiree spends $11,077 per year on vacations. Your retirement travel spending may be higher or lower. Reviewing your assets, income, savings rate and investment returns can help you determine how much you can afford to spend on travel, and where that money will come from.
The third bucket can be helpful in planning for what can easily be your biggest retirement expense: health care. A couple retiring at age 65 in 2018 would need $280,000 to pay for medical expenses in retirement, according to Fidelity Investments. That figure doesn't include the additional cost of long-term care.
“You may be healthy today, but statistically, your chances for unexpected medical emergencies will increase,” Chamberlin says. “Having some flexibility in your planning to adapt to life’s unexpected curve balls would be wise.”
Prioritize Needs and Wants
As you shape your financial plan in retirement, consider what’s most important. Retirees need to figure out what constitutes a spending necessity in terms of meeting basic living needs, any “wants” they have that aren’t necessarily critical to daily survival and what falls in to their “dream” category, says certified financial planner Ilene Davis.
Then, do the math. “Figure out how much is needed for each and have that much set aside for that purpose,” Davis says. Leave room for new needs that can arise as you move through retirement, such as health care. Most importantly, be realistic about what you need to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle.
“Many people think they need more than they really do,” Davis says. “It’s a matter of truly understanding what lifestyle they can afford and finding happiness to enjoy that desired lifestyle.”
If there’s a gap between your savings and income, and your goals, think about how you can close it. That could mean reducing spending, delaying your retirement date or working part-time once you’ve officially retired. All three could help to bolster your savings and increase retirement income.
“It’s still wise to maintain a saving mindset in retirement and have a plan to combat things like inflation, which would include the rising cost of health care,” Chamberlin says. “ On the income side, annuities could help to create an additional income stream.
Chamberlin says to consider an annuity with a built-in income rider “that can correlate your income with gains on an index.” And, “having an increasing payout option over time can help with the increased cost of living.”
The Bottom Line
Setting goals, creating an action plan for achieving them and reviewing it regularly throughout retirement can help keep your finances on solid ground.
“The most important step a retiree or pre-retiree can take is to educate themselves on the intricacies of building a concise financial plan,” Zavarelli says.
An advisor can guide you through the process if you’re not sure where to start. While you’ll pay a fee for professional advice, “the investment up front can save far more down the road, and it can provide the peace of mind that can allow one to enjoy the retirement they deserve,” Zavarelli says.