Small Business

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  1. Online-to-Offline Commerce

    Online-to-Offline Commerce is a business strategy that draws potential customers from online channels to make purchases in ...
  2. Firm

    A firm is a business organization, such as a corporation, limited liability company or partnership, that sells goods or services ...
  3. Brand Identity

    Brand identity is how a business presents itself to, and wants to be perceived by, its consumers.
  4. Commercial Lines Insurance

    Commercial lines insurance helps keep the economy running smoothly by protecting businesses from potential losses they couldn’t ...
  5. Experience Rating (Insurance)

    Experience rating (insurance) is the amount of loss that an insured party experiences compared to the amount of loss that ...
  6. Subordinated Debt

    Subordinated Debt is a loan or security that ranks below other loans or securities with regard to claims on assets or earnings. ...
  7. Passive Income

    A Passive income is earnings derived from a rental property, limited partnership or other enterprise in which a person is ...
  8. Partnership

    A partnership is a formal arrangement in which two or more parties cooperate to manage and operate a business.
  9. Withholding Allowance

    Withholding allowance refers to an exemption that reduces how much income tax an employer deducts from an employee's paycheck.
  10. Code of Ethics

    A code of ethics is a guide of principles designed to help professionals conduct business honestly and with integrity.
  11. Cost of Capital

    Cost of capital is the required return necessary to make a capital budgeting project, such as building a new factory, worthwhile. ...
  12. Value Proposition

    Value proposition refers to a business or marketing statement that summarizes why a consumer should buy a product or use ...
  13. Net Present Value - NPV

    Net Present Value (NPV) is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows ...
  14. Surplus Share Treaty

    A surplus share treaty is reinsurance in which the ceding insurer retains a fixed amount of liability and the reinsurer takes ...
  15. Merger Of Equals

    A merger of equals is when two firms of about the same size come together to form a single company.
  16. Elimination Period

    Elimination period is the length of time between when an injury or illness begins, and receiving benefit payments from an ...
  17. Internal Rate of Return - IRR

    Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is a metric used in capital budgeting to estimate the profitability of potential investments.
  18. Accredited In Business Valuation (ABV)

    Accredited In Business Valuation (ABV) is a professional designation awarded to CPAs who specialize in calculating the value ...
  19. Protected Cell Company (PCC)

    A Protected Cell Company (PCC) is a corporate structure, a single legal entity made of a core and several cells with separate ...
  20. Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU)

    A chartered life underwriter (CLU) is a professional designation for individuals who wish to specialize in life insurance ...
  21. Casualty Insurance

    Casualty insurance is a broad category of coverage against loss of property, damage or other liabilities.
  22. Non-Accredited Investor

    A non-accredited investor is anyone who fails to meet the SEC income or net worth requirements for accredited investors. ...
  23. Financial Guarantee

    A financial guarantee is a non-cancellable indemnity bond backed by an insurer to guarantee investors that principal and ...
  24. Uninsurable Risk

    Uninsurable risk is a condition that poses unknowable or unacceptable risk of loss.
  25. Guaranteed Renewable Policy

    A guaranteed renewable policy obligates the insurer to continue coverage as long as premiums are paid on the policy.
  26. Wrap-Up Insurance

    Wrap-up insurance is an all-encompassing liability insurance policy that protects all contractors and subcontractors working ...
  27. Frequency-Severity Method

    Frequency-severity method is an actuarial method that determines expected number of claims (and average costs) that will ...
  28. Turnkey Solution

    A turnkey solution is a type of system that can be easily implemented into current business processes.
  29. Capitation Payments

    Capitation payments are monthly payments received by a physician, clinic or hospital per patient enrolled in a health plan ...
  30. Ex Gratia Payment

    An ex gratia payment is made to an individual for damages or claims, but it does not require the admittance of liability ...
  31. Revenue Per Occupied Room - RevPOR

    Revenue per occupied room is an industry metric used to evaluate companies in the hotel and lodging industries.
  32. Annual Budget

    An annual budget outlines projected items on income, balance sheet and cash flow statements over a 12-month period.
  33. Runoff Insurance

    Runoff insurance is an insurance policy provision that covers claims made against companies that have been acquired, merged ...
  34. Employer's Liability Insurance

    Employer's liability insurance protects employers from financial loss if a worker has a job-related injury or illness not ...
  35. Personal Lines Insurance

    Personal lines insurance includes property and casualty insurance products that protect individuals from losses they couldn’t ...
  36. Facultative Reinsurance

    Facultative reinsurance is purchased by a primary insurer to cover a single risk or a block of risks held in the primary ...
  37. Treaty Reinsurance

    Treaty reinsurance is a type of reinsurance in which the reinsurance company accepts all of a particular type of risk from ...
  38. First-Loss Policy

    In a first-loss policy, the insured agrees to take less than full value for damaged property in return for not being penalized ...
  39. Cross-Liability Coverage

    Cross-liability coverage is an endorsement for insurance policies that cover multiple parties, in which one party sues another ...
  40. Excess Of Loss Reinsurance

    Excess of loss reinsurance is a type of reinsurance in which the reinsurer indemnifies the ceding company for losses that ...
  41. Quota Share Treaty

    A quota share treaty is a pro rata reinsurance contract in which the insurer and reinsurer share premiums and losses according ...
  42. Adventure Capitalist

    An adventure capitalist is an investor who backs higher risk startups.
  43. What is the Difference Between Variable Cost and Fixed Cost in Economics?

    Learn what total costs are comprised of, what variable costs and fixed costs are, and the main difference between them.
  44. Reinsurance Ceded

    Reinsurance ceded is the portion of risk that a primary insurer passes to a reinsurer.
  45. W-4 Form

    A form completed by employees to tell employers their tax situation (exemptions, status, etc.), showing how much tax to withhold ...
  46. Cash Balance Pensions: Pros, Cons for Small Biz

    Are cash balance pensions the right solution for your small business clients?
  47. 10 Ways to Improve Cash Flow

    Cash flow is king. Here are a few ways to fatten it up.
  48. Understanding Periodic vs. Perpetual Inventory

    An overview of the two primary inventory accounting systems.
  49. Wash-Out Round

    A wash-out round is when the owners and management of a company often stand to lose control.
  50. Dry Hole

    A dry hole is when a business venture no longer generates revenue and has no prospects for future customers.
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Hot Definitions
  1. Debt/Equity Ratio

    The D/E ratio indicates how much debt a company is using to finance its assets relative to the value of shareholders’ equity.
  2. Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF)

    A security that tracks an index, a commodity or a basket of assets like an index fund, but trades like a stock on an exchange.
  3. Net Present Value - NPV

    Net Present Value (NPV) is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows ...
  4. Return On Equity - ROE

    The amount of net income returned as a percentage of shareholders equity. Return on equity measures a corporation's profitability ...
  5. Bond

    A bond is a fixed income investment in which an investor loans money to an entity (corporate or governmental) that borrows ...
  6. Whole Life Insurance Policy

    A life insurance contract with level premiums that has both an insurance and an investment component. The insurance component ...
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