Small Business

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  1. Management And Employee Buyout - MEBO

    A restructuring initiative that involves both managerial and non-managerial employees buying out a firm in order to concentrate ...
  2. Employee Buyout - EBO

    A restructuring strategy in which employees buy a majority stake in their own firms. This form of buyout is often done by ...
  3. Leveraged Employee Stock Ownership Plan - LESOP

    An equity compensation system in which the sponsoring company typically leverages its credit to borrow money, which it then ...
  4. Employment And Training Administration - ETA

    A federal agency that operates under the U.S. Department of Labor. The agency's responsibilities include monitoring and administering ...
  5. Cost Per Gross Addition - CPGA

    A ratio used to quantify the costs of acquiring one new customer to a business. Often, the CPGA ratio is used by companies ...
  6. Misselling

    The ethically questionable practice of a salesperson misrepresenting or misleading an investor about the characteristics ...
  7. Value Proposition

    A business or marketing statement that summarizes why a consumer should buy a product or use a service. This statement should ...
  8. Cowboy Marketing

    A slang term to describe a situation in which a company is unaware that a marketer hired to produce legitimate opted-in email ...
  9. Priming Loan

    A form of debtor-in-possession, or DIP financing, whereby the debtor company is able to obtain a loan to assist in specific ...
  10. Undercapitalization

    When a company does not have sufficient capital to conduct normal business operations and pay creditors. This can occur when ...
  11. Other Post-Employment Benefits - OPEB

    Post-employment benefits that an employee will begin to receive at the start of retirement. This does not include pension ...
  12. Chapter 12

    A U.S. bankruptcy proceeding specifically for family farms or fisheries that gives the farm or fishery owner the ability ...
  13. Chapter 9

    A bankruptcy proceeding that provides financially distressed municipalities with protection from creditors by creating a ...
  14. Shakeup

    A series of events and processes that a company's management team facilitates in order to change and/or reorganize itself ...
  15. Masterbrand

    A specific overarching brand name that serves as the main anchoring point on which all underlying products are based. Masterbranding ...
  16. Financial Cooperative

    A financial institution that is owned and operated by its members. The goal of a financial cooperative is to act on behalf ...
  17. Price Rigging

    An illegal action performed by a group of conspiring businesses that occurs when the firms agree to artificially inflate ...
  18. Impact Fee

    A fee imposed on property developers by municipalities for the new infrastructure that must be built or increased due to ...
  19. Joint Liability

    An obligation, including an obligation to repay a debt between two or more parties. A joint liability allows parties to share ...
  20. Blind Pool

    A limited partnership or stock offering with no stated investment goal for the funds that are raised from investors. In a ...
  21. Limited Company - LC

    A form of incorporation that limits the amount of liability undertaken by the company's shareholders. The naming convention ...
  22. Multiple Employer Welfare Arrangement - MEWA

    An arrangement where a group of employers pool their contributions in a self-contributing benefits plan for their employees. ...
  23. Microenterprise

    A small business that employs a small number of employees. A microenterprise will usually operate with fewer than 10 people ...
  24. Payroll Deduction Plan

    A contribution plan in which an employer deducts a specified amount from an employee's pay and puts the funds toward insurance, ...
  25. Offensive Competitive Strategy

    A type of corporate strategy that consists of actively trying to pursue changes within the industry. Companies that are managed ...
  26. Social Good

    A good or service that benefits the largest number of people in the largest possible way. Some classic examples of social ...
  27. Greenwashing

    When a company, government or other group promotes green-based environmental initiatives or images but actually operates ...
  28. Corporate Refinancing

    The process through which a company reorganizes its debt obligations by replacing or restructuring existing debts. Refinancing ...
  29. Corporate Debt Restructuring

    The reorganization of a company's outstanding obligations, often achieved by reducing the burden of the debts on the company ...
  30. Debt Fatigue

    When a debtor stops making payments on his or her debts and starts spending again after being overwhelmed by the amount of ...
  31. Chapter 15

    A chapter under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, added to foster a cooperative environment in international insolvencies. Chapter ...
  32. Musharakah

    A joint enterprise or partnership structure with profit/loss sharing implications that is used in Islamic finance instead ...
  33. Foam The Runway

    A term indicating the last-minute infusion of cash into a company about to go bankrupt. Airports foam runways prior to an ...
  34. Triggering Term

    A word or phrase that when used in advertising literature requires the presentation of the terms of a credit agreement so ...
  35. Capital Addition

    The cost involved for adding new assets or bettering existing assets within a business. Capital additions can take the form ...
  36. Closed Corporation

    A business that is set up using a corporate business structure, but in which all the shares are held by a select few individuals ...
  37. Closely Held Stock

    A company whose common shares are owned by one individual owner or by a small group of controlling stockholders. This is ...
  38. Employment Situation Report

    A monthly report compiling a set of surveys in an attempt to monitor the labor market. The Employment Situation Report, released ...
  39. Multinational Pooling

    A method global companies use to manage the risk of their employee benefit plans throughout the world. The different employee ...
  40. Year-End Bonus

    A reward paid to an employee at the end of the year. Many year-end bonuses are tied to performance metrics and the amount ...
  41. Wage Assignment

    The procedure of taking money directly from an employee's compensation under the authority of a court order, in order to ...
  42. Self-Employed Person

    An independent contractor or sole proprietor who reports income earned from self-employment. Self-employed persons control ...
  43. Statutory Employee

    A class of employee that is permitted to deduct work-related expenses on Schedule C instead of Schedule A. Statutory employees ...
  44. Dependent Care Benefits

    Benefits provided by an employer to an employee for use in caring for dependents such as newborns or disabled persons. Dependent ...
  45. Small Business Investment Company - SBIC

    A privately-owned investment company that is licensed by the Small Business Administration (SBA). Small Business Investment ...
  46. Severance Package

    A bundle of pay and benefits offered to an employee upon being laid off from a company. The receipt of a severance package ...
  47. Personal-Service Corporation

    A corporation that is created for the purpose of providing personal services to individuals or groups. To be considered a ...
  48. American National Standards Institute - ANSI

    An organization that oversees the creation and dissemination of norms and standards in almost every U.S. business sector. ...
  49. Additional Collateral

    Additional assets put up as collateral by a borrower against debt obligations. Additional collateral is used to lessen the ...
  50. Cramdown

    A bankruptcy concept that is often employed to obtain a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization plan while there are still objections ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. SEC Form 13F

    A filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), also known as the Information Required of Institutional Investment ...
  2. Fixed Asset

    A long-term tangible piece of property that a firm owns and uses in the production of its income and is not expected to be ...
  3. Absolute Advantage

    The ability of a country, individual, company or region to produce a good or service at a lower cost per unit than the cost ...
  4. Nonce

    Nonce is a number added to a hashed block, that, when rehashed, meets the difficulty level restrictions.
  5. Coupon

    The annual interest rate paid on a bond, expressed as a percentage of the face value. It is also referred to as the "coupon ...
  6. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    Socially responsible investing looks for investments that are considered socially conscious because of the nature of the ...
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