SoFi ("Social Finance Inc.") is a San Francisco-based fintech founded in 2011. What started as a solution for student debt-laden millennials has turned into a one-stop personal finance shop. Today, SoFi boasts over 2 million "members." The company offers personal loans, home loans, private student loans, student loan refinancing, auto loan refinancing, credit cards, insurance, cash management accounts, robo-advisory services, and brokerage services—aka SoFi Active Investing.
SoFi Active Investing (provided by SoFi Securities LLC) launched in 2019. In early 2021, SoFi went public by merging with Social Capital Hedosophia Corp V, a special-purpose acquisition corporation (SPAC) run by venture capitalist Chamath Palihapitiya. SoFi began trading under its own name and ticker symbol—SOFI—on June 1, 2021, on the Nasdaq stock exchange. The company also announced in 2021 that any SoFi member with an Active Investing account is eligible to participate in IPOs with no account minimums. We’ll look at SoFi Active Investing to help you determine if it is a good fit for your portfolio needs.
- SoFi aims to be a "one-stop shop" for financial services from credit cards to investing.
- SoFi Active Investing offers commission-free trading on stocks, ETFs, and fractional shares (aka "Stock Bits"), plus fee-based cryptocurrency trading.
- You can buy and sell stocks, ETFs, and cryptocurrencies via SoFi's desktop platform or its easy-to-use mobile app.
- SoFi Active Investing does not support mutual funds, fixed income, options, futures, or commodities.
Who Score Priority Is For
SoFi is best suited for beginner stock and ETF investors seeking zero commissions, low account minimums, and an easy-to-use mobile app. SoFi may also be a good choice if you want to keep all your finances in one place as the company offers a wide range of other financial services, including student loan refinancing, credit cards, and mortgages. However, if you would like to invest in mutual funds, options, futures—or anything besides stocks, ETFs, and crypto—SoFi is not the broker for you. You'll also want to look elsewhere if you're searching for a broker that offers margin trading or a robust trading platform.
$0 stock and ETF trades
Easy-to-use mobile app
Free access to financial advisors
Small selection of investment products
No-frills investing experience
Limited track record
- SoFi, like most brokerages today, offers commission-free trading for online stock and ETF trades (including fractional shares). However, keep in mind that ETFs have management fees that will reduce your returns. Be sure to read your fund's prospectus to understand these fees and how they impact your bottom line.
- The SoFi mobile app is well-designed and easy to navigate. It's worth noting, however, that the app's investing-specific tools are limited—you'll find only basic charts, a few company details, a news feed, and a no-frills order ticket. Still, you can keep track of all your finances in one platform if you participate in other SoFi offerings, such as credit cards and personal loans.
- All SoFi customers have access to the “Get Your Money Right” program, which provides free, customized financial advice from SoFi's team of full-time financial planners. The meetings are virtual and the planners don't actually sell SoFi products. Instead, the planners are non-commissioned employees held to the fiduciary standard, meaning they are legally required to make recommendations with your best interests in mind.
- SoFi offers access to U.S. stocks, ETFs, and fractional shares, plus about 20 cryptocurrencies (with plans to provide more). That means if you want to trade anything else—mutual funds, options, futures, currencies, and so on—you'll have to look elsewhere.
- SoFi's Active Investing platform offers just enough tools to do some light research and place simple trades. There are no advanced order types here and no short sales. The charts SoFi offers are basic and offer few customization options. You won't find much in terms of fundamental analysis, and there are virtually zero technical analysis tools.
- SoFi has been around since 2011, but its brokerage arm launched just a few years ago, in 2019. That could be concerning to some investors who seek a more experienced broker to handle their money.
It's easy to open a SoFi Invest account online or in the app. You'll find step-by-step instructions on how to get started, and you may need to upload a copy of your driver's license, passport, SSN card, bank statement, or utility bill if requested to do so. SoFi will email you if it needs any additional information and inform you within a few business days if your account has been approved (or declined). After that, you can fund your account and start investing. Note that only U.S. citizens and green card holders can open an Active Investing account at SoFi.
Once you are set up and ready to trade, you can place stock, ETF, and cryptocurrency trades from SoFi's desktop platform or mobile app. Both offer a no-frills investing experience with few customization options, limited tools, and basic order entry. The platforms are best suited for beginner investors who already know what they want to buy or sell—you won't find much in terms of fundamental or technical analysis.
The market quotes on SoFI Active Investing are real-time but not streaming, which means you'll have to update your browser or app to view current prices. The smallest chart interval available is one day, which makes it nearly impossible to evaluate intraday price movements. A news feed curated from various sources, including SeekingAlpha, Invezz News, Fool.com, and Zacks Investment Research, provides symbol-related stories that update periodically.
The SoFi Invest web trading platform is designed for beginner investors. It is well organized and tidy, but it lacks the features and tools that more experienced investors and traders frequently use. There's not much to customize beyond the chart timeframe (one day to five years). That said, you can create a watchlist that shows symbols, a chart overview, and either the current price or today's change as a dollar or percentage. When it comes to putting in orders, you are limited to market and limit orders. SoFi doesn't support stop, stop limit, trailing, conditional, or time-limit orders.
Mobile Trade Experience
The SoFi mobile app is available for Android and iOS. The app trade experience is similar to what you'll find on the desktop platform. You can create a watchlist and click on any symbol to view a basic chart, a few company details, and related news. You can also place buy and sell orders from the app watchlist by selecting the stock you are interested in. The app is more useful for investors who have other financial services through SoFI, as they can access non-brokerage SoFi accounts within the same app.
Range of Offerings
SoFi Active Investing's range of trading products is limited to U.S.-based stocks and ETFs, fractional shares, and cryptocurrencies. Missing from the lineup are OTCBB, mutual funds, fixed income, options, commodities, futures, futures options, and forex.
SoFi Active Investing customers can trade:
- Stocks (long trades only)
- Fractional shares (about 150 stocks/ETFs are available for the fractional share program)
- 20 cryptocurrencies through SoFi Crypto (not available in all states), including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum Classic, Dogecoin, Cardano, and others
- SoFi offers a Robo-advisory service called SoFi Automated Investing (read our review here)
SoFi's lineup of order types is easy to explain because you can only place market and limit orders to buy and sell. The desktop and mobile platforms don't support stop, stop limit, bracket, conditional, trailing, or time/activity-based orders. You can't stage orders for later entry, enter multiple orders simultaneously, or choose a tax lot when closing a position. Obviously SoFi is not targeted at traders, but even regular investors find stop limit orders useful.
SoFi did not provide details about its order routing practices or whether it uses sequential or spray technology. A company blog post states that "SoFi Invest routes member orders to deliver an execution that is either at or better than the equivalent price that would be executed by going directly to a major exchange," but it is difficult to evaluate that without more information.
SoFi Active Investing works through a clearing and custody partner, Apex Clearing, that routes orders to more than eight wholesalers or market markers. The same post states that "SoFi generated $470k in what is referred to as 'payment for order flow' in 2020 and delivered $511k in price improvement to its Invest members."
Since SoFi Active Investing is geared toward beginner investors, it does not support backtesting or automated trading. These are features found on more robust trading platforms designed for active traders.
SoFi Active Investing offers commission-free trading on stocks and ETFs. However, if you invest in ETFs through SoFi Invest—either by buying them yourself or investing in them through SoFi Invest's automated investments—these funds will have management fees. These fees are paid by the fund itself rather than directly by you, but like all management fees, they reduce the fund's returns. Here's a rundown of SoFi Active Investing's commissions and fees:
- $0 commission to trade stocks and ETFs
- 1.25% "markup" for cryptocurrency trades
- No inactivity fee
- No account closure fee
- $75 account transfer fee
- No deposit or withdrawal fees
- $0 wire transfer of funds into your account (though your bank or transferring firm might charge a fee)
- $25 wire transfer out
- $0 electronic statements, trade confirmations, prospectuses, and tax forms
- $5 paper statements
- $2 paper trade confirmations
- $15 returned ACH/insufficient funds
- $50 to participate in voluntary corporate actions
- SEC Regulatory Trading Fee of $22.10 per $1 million of the price of the transaction (sells only), rounded up to the nearest penny
- FINRA Trading Activity Fee (TAF) of $0.000119 per share for each equity sell, rounded up to the nearest penny, with a maximum of $5.95 per trade.
How This Broker Makes Money From You and for You
With fewer brokerages charging commissions these days, it's less obvious how they stay in business. Here are some behind-the-scenes ways SoFi Active Investing makes money from you.
- Interest paid on cash: SoFi Active Investing earns interest from uninvested cash held in customer accounts. According to SoFi, "This is done through an FDIC program that also helps keep Members' cash safe." Unlike some brokers, SoFi does not share the interest it earns with customers.
- Margin charged for margin: SoFi Active Investing does not offer margin trading.
- Stock loan programs: SoFi earns revenue by loaning stocks in your account for short sales, but it does not share that income with you. Active Invest members can request to opt-out of share lending by contacting customer support.
- Payment for order flow: Some brokers earn money by accepting payments from market makers for directing equity and options orders to them—a practice called payment for order flow (PFOF). SoFi Active Investing accepts payment for order flow, but it did not disclose a per-share amount to us. According to a SoFi blog post, SoFi generated $470,000 in payment for order flow in 2020.
- Price improvement: SoFi Active Investing did not disclose specific per-share price improvement details with us. However, a SoFi blog post indicates the company delivered $511,000 in price improvement to its Invest members in 2020.
- Portfolio margining: Portfolio margining computes real-time margin for stock and options trades based on risk instead of fixed percentages. SoFi Active Investing does not offer portfolio margining to its customers.
Account and Research Amenities
SoFi offers a no-frills investing experience and lacks some of the account and research amenities you might expect from a larger broker.
SoFi Active Investing does not have a stock screener.
ETF and Mutual Fund Screener
SoFi Active Investing does not have an ETF screener. It does not offer mutual funds or a mutual fund screener.
SoFi Active Investing does not offer options trading or an options screener.
Fixed Income Screener
SoFi Active Investing does not offer fixed income products or a fixed income screener.
Tools and Calculators
SoFi offers a decent selection of tools, estimators, and calculators, which are gathered in on the tools and calculators page. They are intended to help you with general financial planning, from creating a budget to seeing if you're on track for retirement.
Trading Idea Generators
The SoFi mobile app has a social trading feature that allows you to view other investors' activities. You can follow friends, family, and other SoFi members to see their holdings, watchlists, and how they stack up against the market and other investors. Participation is optional, and you must manually enable it in the mobile app. Social trading is not available for Automated Invest (robo) accounts.
SoFi curates news from more than 7,000 news outlets, including SeekingAlpha, Invezz News, Zacks Investment Research, and Fool.com. Fresh, relevant headlines appear periodically throughout the trading session, and you can click on any news headline to read the entire story.
SoFi does not offer any third-party research.
Charting is available on the desktop and mobile platforms. In both cases, the charting is very basic compared to what is offered by many other brokers. You can pick a symbol and a chart timeframe (from one day to five years), but that's about it. All charts display as line charts. There are no intraday timeframes, so you can't take a closer look at the market—and you won't find any drawing tools, technical indicators, or chart overlays. That all being said, the charts are clean and easy to read, even within the limited space of the app.
SoFi Active Investing does not offer an automatic cash sweep program.
Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)
All Active Investing brokerage and Active IRA accounts at SoFi can participate in DRIP programs (SoFi Automated Investing accounts are not eligible). Once you enable dividend reinvestment, qualified dividends will be reinvested directly into the stock that paid the dividend. The price is determined by the market when the reinvestment is made, typically within three business days of the dividend payment date.
SRI/ESG Research Amenities
SoFi Active Investing does not support screening based on ESG/SRI factors.
The SoFi desktop and mobile platforms don't provide any portfolio analysis tools. However, SoFi members have free access to financial advisors who can review your portfolio with you and provide actionable advice. All SoFi Investment Specialists are registered as investment advisor representatives and hold the Series 65 or another qualifying examination or designation. The advisors are held to a fiduciary standard, meaning they have to act in your best interest.
SoFi has a growing library of articles on various financial topics within the SoFi Learn page. You can search articles by subject (investing, financial clarity, budgeting & goals, homeownership, debt payoff, student loans, credit, and life & career) or by life stages (finishing your degree, building your career, starting a family, achieving financial freedom, growing wealth, preparing for retirement, and going to college). Alternatively, you can enter keywords in the search bar to find what you're looking for.
The investing-specific content is suitable for beginners and covers basic concepts like "What are Cyclical Stocks?" and touches on more in-depth topics such as "A Guide to Options Trading" (even though you can't trade options with SoFi). In addition to educational articles, SoFi offers free educational seminars, meetings with financial advisors, and career counseling. Additional content is available on the SoFi blog, and there's a reasonably comprehensive list of FAQs. SoFi doesn’t offer an investing glossary or any educational videos.
- Support is available Monday-Thursday from 5am-5pm PT and Friday 5am-4pm PT by chat or phone.
- Members can Tweet @SoFiSupport for help via Twitter
- No live broker
- A virtual assistant can answer general questions and direct you to specific web pages
- SoFi did not disclose its average hold times for phone or chat support
- SoFi offers two-factor authentication on all platforms.
- Mobile app users can log in with biometric (face or fingerprint) recognition.
- No excess Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) coverage.
- No security guarantee. Some brokers have security guarantees that cover 100% of losses due to unauthorized activity. SoFi does not offer this.
- The company reported no severe or widespread platform outages during 2020.
- The Identity Theft Research Center reported no significant data breaches during 2020.
SoFi Active Investing is clear about its trading costs: You can buy and sell stocks, ETFs, and fractional shares for $0, and cryptocurrency for a 1.25% markup (a fee SoFi says is subject to change at any time). The fee disclosure page does a good job of pointing out that, while you won't pay a commission to trade ETFs, you pay management fees that reduce the fund's returns. Other costs, including paper statement fees and SEC Regulatory Trading Fees, are stated clearly on the fee disclosure page. The company does not offer margin trading, so there are no details about margin interest rates.
SoFi has made headlines over the years for things like operating unlicensed mortgage servicing and its firing of former CEO Mike Cagney amid a sexual harassment scandal. However, FINRA shows the brokerage has a clean record with no disclosures for criminal matters, regulatory actions, civil judicial proceedings, or financial matters.
SoFi wants to play a key role in your life by being a one-stop shop for all your financial needs—from credit cards and cash accounts to home loans and investing. Its desktop and mobile platforms are no-frills by design to appeal to beginners and casual investors and those who don't want to invest the time in a platform with a steep learning curve. You can keep track of all your SoFi accounts in a single SoFi mobile app, which is a plus if you want to spend less time and energy managing your money overall.
Still, that doesn't necessarily mean SoFi's brokerage is right for you. It's not a good choice if you want to trade anything besides stocks, ETFs, and cryptocurrencies. With SoFi Active Investing, you don't have access to retirement-friendly mutual funds and bonds or other instruments like options, futures, and forex. Moreover, SoFi Active Investing won't work if you want a robust trading platform, customizable charts, or the ability to perform fundamental or technical analysis prior to placing a trade.
Overall, SoFi Active Investing is best suited for new investors seeking low costs, low account minimums, and an easy-to-use, modern mobile app for on-the-go investing. Active traders and experienced investors will want to look elsewhere.
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