T. Rowe Price and Vanguard are similar in that they both focus on long-term investing through their own funds. In addition to their funds, however, you can also have a linked brokerage account. Because of this focus on their own financial products, neither brokerage platform is particularly strong compared to some of the leading online brokers, but they do provide the ability to trade stocks, ETFs, mutual funds, and fixed income. We’ll look at some of the key differences between these brokers to help you determine which one is the right fit for your investment needs.

  • Account Minimum: $2,500 ($1,000 for IRAs)
  • Fees: No commission online or by mobile app, accounts with smaller balances pay more for options and broker assisted trades
  • Best for: Those looking for full-service wealth management
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  • Account Minimum: $0
  • Fees: $0/stock and ETF trade, $0 plus $1 per contract for options
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The account opening process was slow at Vanguard and requires several days of waiting. T. Rowe Price allows you to open an account and start trading in 10 minutes. While Vanguard’s platform has been updated, it is still not as easy to navigate as more modern interfaces. That said, it can be customized for investors’ interests. T. Rowe Price’s platform has an awkward two-tiered process that initially brings you to a homepage showing balances for mutual funds and the brokerage account, with an additional link to the brokerage platform powered by Pershing LLC. While neither broker’s platform was best in class, Vanguard’s was a bit more intuitive and flexible, and had more consistent menus between online and mobile platforms. This gives Vanguard the edge on usability.

Trade Experience

Desktop Trade Experience

Vanguard and T. Rowe Price both have web platforms while lacking separate desktop applications. Neither broker’s website normally operates in streaming real-time (except for trading/order entry pages), although the static updates are quick. T. Rowe Price sometimes has real time balances though. While Vanguard’s website is built in-house, T. Rowe Price uses Pershing to clear and provide their online brokerage platform. T. Rowe Price only allows for basic orders such as market, limit, stop, and stop limit orders, and only has limited options trading capabilities. Vanguard essentially mirrors this, but reportedly does not have a limit on options legs. However, its platform is not the greatest for complex options trading. Neither Vanguard nor T. Rowe Price allow for conditional orders, trailing stops, or multiple order entry. Both platforms are designed for long-term buy and hold investors, so their platforms obviously fall short for active/frequent traders. The desktop trading experience on both platforms is a tie, with neither system impressing.

Mobile Trade Experience

Consistent with platforms not designed to cater to active traders, we continue the trend of not impressing with mobile trading. On Vanguard, quotes are again delayed quotes until order entry, and there is no other data, such as the day’s change. Further, Vanguard does not offer any charting on its mobile app. Vanguard does allow users to customize their “My Feed,” which displays account information, news, blogs, transaction history, and performance. Vanguard doesn't offer any mobile trading of options, fixed income, and non-Vanguard mutual funds on the app.

T. Rowe Price provides basic charting on their mobile app, which works fine for basic orders. Otherwise the app suffers from the same limitations of only handling basic orders without the ability to handle contingent orders, trailing stops, or complex options strategies. Because T. Rowe Price’s mobile platform provides basic charting, we give it a slight edge over Vanguard’s mobile app.

Range of Offerings

T. Rowe Price and Vanguard offer the same products, including equities, ETFs, equity options, and fixed income. T. Rowe Price allows the trading of OTC and pink sheet stocks while Vanguard suspended this in the spring of 2022. Neither brokerage company offers futures, options on futures, foreign exchange, or cryptocurrencies. The range of offerings for Vanguard and T. Rowe Price are just about equal.

Order Types

Vanguard and T. Rowe Price both support the same limited order types, consisting of market, limit, and basic stop/stop-limit orders. Neither platform offers conditional orders or trailing stops. The order types available at Vanguard and T. Rowe Price have the two brokerage companies tied in this category, too.

Trading Technology

While Vanguard’s order routing technology is basic, they report price improvement on stock orders of $2.31 per 100 shares over the National Best Bid and Offer. Additionally, 95% of Vanguard ETFs are traded at the midpoint. Vanguard does not receive payment for order flow. 

In contrast, T. Rowe Price clears through Pershing, whose website only speaks about their obligation to provide the most favorable terms for their clients, without specific information on order improvement and execution. Pershing routes orders and receives payment for order flow. 

We feel Vanguard is stronger in this category because they don’t accept payment for order flow and are more transparent about cost savings.


Although T. Rowe Price and Vanguard both offer free online trading of equities and ETFs, they are both priced at the high end of online brokers we have reviewed in terms of commissions. Vanguard is of course famous of low-cost funds, but that's not what we're talking about here. There are some differences in cost between Vanguard and T. Rowe Price. Options trading is more expensive at T. Rowe Price, as Vanguard charges $1 per options contract, while T. Rowe Price charges $9.95 + $1 per contract for account with at least $250,000 in the account, and $19.95 + $1 per contract for smaller accounts. So a trade for fifty options would cost $50 at Vanguard and $59.95 or $69.95 at T. Rowe Price depending on account size.

In fixed income, Vanguard charges $1 per $1,000 face amount with a maximum of $250 for CDs, U.S. agency issues, corporate, and municipal bonds, with a $35 per trade cost for mortgage-backed securities and unit investment trusts. U.S. Treasuries are commission-free. T. Rowe Price charges $1 per $1,000 bond for US Treasury and Agency issues, but $5 per $1,000 bond for corporate and municipal bonds, subject to a $35 minimum and $250 maximum.

Vanguard’s margin rates range from 11.50% for accounts with balances up to $19,000 to 8.25% for accounts with balances nearing $1,000,000.  T. Rowe Price charges the Pershing lending rate plus an additional interest charge. With Perishing at 9.125% T. Rowe Price would presumably charge less than Vanguard at 10.375% for a balance of $19,000, but would be higher nearing $1,000,000 at 9.375%. T. Rowe Price charges a $30 account maintenance fee for accounts with less than $50,000, while Vanguard charges $20, but will waive it through several conditions one of which being having $10,000 in Vanguard ETFs. Overall Vanguard has the edge when it comes to costs.

Account and Research Amenities

With their focus on long-term investing, neither Vanguard nor T. Rowe Price has strong account amenities. That said, T. Rowe Price customers do gain access to T. Rowe Price research. Vanguard offers daily market reports and research as well. Both Vanguard and T. Rowe Price have stock screeners. Both platforms have ETF/mutual fund and fixed income screeners, and neither have an options screener. 

Both Vanguard and T. Rowe Price’s tools and calculators were sparse on the brokerage side, but there are a number of helpful tools on the mutual fund side, including calculators for retirement planning and college savings as well as risk profile questionnaires that recommend a model mutual fund portfolio.

While both platforms have charts, they are not impressive on either platform as they lack drawing tools. T. Rowe Price offers functional news and marketing information. Vanguard does not offer real-time streaming news, but does offer news articles.

Overall, T. Rowe Price has a small edge over Vanguard for their overall account and research amenities offerings.

Portfolio Analysis

T. Rowe Price does not offer much portfolio analysis for brokerage accounts, and there were no analytical reports. The T. Rowe Price portfolio page shows composition, realized and unrealized gains, and projected cash flows, and your personal rate of return.

Vanguard provides reports and analysis in real time on the website, and this is customizable and allows aggregation of holdings from outside accounts. Because of this wider account integration with its portfolio tools, Vanguard gets our nod for better portfolio analysis.


Vanguard and T. Rowe Price have long provided educational tools for their long-term investor clients, so the focus of their content is setting financial goals and creating a plan of action for reaching them. Both platforms also have a glossary of investing terms. Neither platform goes deeper into educational tools because their focus is on customers with a long time horizon that are not as likely to use complex options and other trading strategies compared to some of the online brokerage platforms catering to more active traders. We found Vanguard to have a bit more to offer, so it has a small edge over T. Rowe Price. 

Customer Service

Customer support is comparable at T. Rowe Price and Vanguard, with both companies offering customer service from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. EST, and neither offering live chat or chat bots. Neither platform holds any edge on customer service.


Vanguard and T. Rowe Price both offer multi factor authentication and neither has suffered a recent platform outage or significant data breach. Assets with both brokers are protect by the Securities Investment Protection Corporation (SIPC) should the company go bankrupt or assets be missing. Furthermore both carry private insurance that protects customers beyond the limits of SIPC coverage with T. Rowe Price's policy being from Lloyd's of London. Once again, we find the two platforms to be comparable, with neither having an edge over the other.

Available Account Types

Here again, T. Rowe Price and Vanguard are evenly matched. They both have all the commonly used account types, including:

  • Individual and Joint taxable accounts
  • Traditional individual retirement accounts (IRAs)
  • Roth IRAs
  • Rollover IRAs
  • Simplified employee pension (SEP) IRAs
  • SIMPLE (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees) IRAs
  • Individual and small business 401(k)s
  • Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA) and Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) accounts
  • 529 plans
  • Trusts

The main difference is that Vanguard has a dedicated organization investment account type. Overall, however, investors will find all the account types they need with either broker.

Final Verdict

Vanguard and T. Rowe are both companies that compete for long-term investors. If you are looking for anything beyond buy-and-hold, like day trading or frequent options, neither broker is set up to serve you. As T. Rowe Price and Vanguard are both pursuing the same investors, this naturally means their brokerage platforms are very similar, from product offerings to technology platforms to cost. Overall, however, we give a very small edge to Vanguard over T. Rowe Price because their platform was a bit easier to use, their pricing was slightly more competitive, and their analytics and education offerings were also better than T. Rowe Price.

What this review doesn't touch on is the quality of the funds that make up a lot of the holdings their customers are likely to use in building portfolios on either platform. Vanguard owns the low-cost passive indexing space and T. Rowe Price remains a leader in actively managed funds, so picking between the two depends on investor risk tolerance and the purpose of the portfolio.

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Investopedia is dedicated to providing investors with unbiased, comprehensive reviews and ratings of online brokers. This year, we revamped the review process by conducting an extensive survey of customers that are actively looking to start trading and investing with an online broker. We then combined this invaluable information with our subject matter expertise to develop the framework for a quantitative ratings model that is at the core of how we compiled our list of the best online broker and trading platform companies.

This model weighs key factors like trading technology, range of offerings, mobile app usability, research amenities, educational content, portfolio analysis features, customer support, costs, account amenities, and overall trading experience according to their importance. Our team of researchers gathered 2425 data points and weighted 66 criteria based on data collected during extensive research for each of the 25 companies we reviewed. 

Many of the brokers we reviewed also gave us live demonstrations of their platforms and services, either at their New York City offices or via video conferencing methods. Live brokerage accounts were also obtained for most of the platforms we reviewed, which our team of expert writers and editors used to perform hands-on testing in order to lend their qualitative point of view. 

Read our full Methodology for reviewing online brokers.