What is Accelerated Death Benefit (ADB)
An accelerated death benefit (ADB) is a benefit that can be attached to a life insurance policy that enables the policyholder to receive cash advances against the death benefit in the case of being diagnosed with a terminal illness. Many individuals who choose an accelerated death benefit have less than one year to live and use the money for treatments and other costs needed to stay alive.
BREAKING DOWN Accelerated Death Benefit (ADB)
Choosing an insurance policy with an accelerated death benefit (ADB) allows the policyholder to pay for their daily living in an effort to make it as comfortable as possible while also allowing the holder to look after his or her family once they pass away. This type of benefit was originally started in the late 1980s in an attempt to alleviate the financial pressures of those that were diagnosed with AIDS.
Some policies might make an accelerated death benefit available even if it's not mentioned in the contract. You qualify for accelerated death benefits if you contract a terminal illness and are expected to die within two years. You also qualify if you've been diagnosed with an illness that will reduce your expected lifespan, if you need organ transplant because of illness or if you are in hospice long-term care. Accelerated death benefits are also a possibility if you need assistance with everyday activities like bathing or using the toilet.
The cost of a living benefit can vary according to insurance company and policy. If the coverage is already included, the cost will be included in the policy. If not, then you will have to pay a fee or a percentage of the death benefit.
Taxation on Accelerated Death Benefits
Accelerated death benefits are usually tax exempt for individuals expected to die within two years. This type of benefit isn’t meant to substitute for long-term care insurance coverage. It should be used to supplement for expenses not covered by a long-term care policy. Receiving an accelerated death benefit can affect your eligibility for Medicaid and SSI.
How Accelerated Death Benefits Work
Consider a 40-year-old named Fred, a preferred non-tobacco user with a $1 million life insurance policy. Fred contracted terminal brain cancer and decided he wanted to accelerate half the face value of his policy and collect an accelerated death benefit. After reviewing the claim, the insurance company made a lump-sum offer of $265,000. Fred accepted the offer and received a $265,000 payment. His death benefit was decreased by the amount he accelerated ($500,000). After cashing the check, Fred's remaining death benefit was $500,000, and he paid new premiums based on a $500,000 face value instead of the original $1 million face value.