DEFINITION of 'Actuals'

The physical commodity that underlies a futures contract or is traded in the physical market. This is the homogeneous commodity that is the basis for trade, either through the physical market or a derivative contract such as oil, corn or gold.


Actuals are traded in either the physical market or the futures market. In the physical market, two parties enter into a private agreement to exchange the commodity for cash or another commodity, and delivery almost always occurs. In the futures market, two parties enter into an exchange-traded contract in which one party agrees to deliver a set quantity and quality of the underlying commodity while the other party agrees to purchase the commodity. In this case, delivery is not certain and parties can sell their positions before delivery.

  1. Cash Commodity

    In futures trading, the cash commodity is delivered for payments. ...
  2. Cash Price

    The cash price is the actual amount of money that is exchanged ...
  3. Approved Delivery Facility

    A facility authorized by an exchange to be used as a location ...
  4. Spot Commodity

    A commodity traded on the spot market. That is, with the expectation ...
  5. Delivery Price

    The delivery price is the price at which one party agrees to ...
  6. Long The Basis

    An individual or company that owns or has purchased a commodity ...
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