Applied economics applies the tenants behind economic theories and principles to real-world situations with the desired aim of predicting possible outcomes. The use of applied economics is designed to analytically review potential outcomes without the "noise" associated with explanations that are not backed by numbers. Applied economics can involve the use of case studies and econometrics, which is applying real-world data to statistical models and comparing the results against the theories being tested.
Understanding Applied Economics
Applied economics is the testing of economic theory to determine if it's relevant in the real world. The study of economics, on the other hand, relies on the interpretation of historical events in its theories. As a result, applied economics can lead to "to do" lists for steps that can be taken to ensure stability in real-world events. Although applied economics uses economic theory and principles, it is itself not a field of economics, such as neoclassical economics, which has to do with consumer satisfaction or the Austrian school, which considers the impact of monetary policy on boom and bust cycles.
The use of applied economics may first involve exploring economic theories to develop questions about a circumstance or situation and then draw upon data resources and other frames of reference to form a plausible answer to that question. The idea is to establish a hypothetical outcome based on the ongoing circumstances.
Applied Economics Relevancy in the Real World
Applied economics can illustrate the potential outcomes of the choices made by individuals. For example, if a consumer desires to own a luxury good but has limited financial resources, an assessment of the cost and long-term impact such a purchase would have on assets can help determine if such an expense is worthwhile.
Consumption of wanted goods and their lasting effects can also be framed through applied economics. For example, if an individual wants to eat comfort food, applied economics can be used to present theories and possible outcomes such consumption would have on that person’s attempts to reach certain weight loss goals.
Something similar can be done in deciding on college studies and career training. A student may want to focus on courses that appeal to personal hobbies and interests; however, they would also need to assess how such an academic path might affect their professional prospects and future salary opportunities.
Through applied economics, and understanding of diminishing returns can be developed. For instance, if a professional takes a job that offers the same bonus-pay to all workers regardless of experience or salary, applied economics can show that the long-term benefits would be limited. If the company paid a $50 bonus at the end of each quarter to each employee, it might have a positive impact on a worker earning a low wage. However, through applied economics, it could show that as the employee gained seniority and a higher salary, the bonus would have less of an impact on the employee's earnings.