What is an Assignment
An assignment is the transfer of an individual's rights or property to another person or business. For example, when an option contract is assigned, the option writer has an obligation to complete the requirements of the contract. If the option was a call, the writer would have to sell the underlying security at the stated strike price. If it was a put, the writer would have to buy the underlying security at the stated strike price.
BREAKING DOWN Assignment
Assignment means transferring some or all property rights and obligations to another person through a written agreement. For example, a payee assigns rights for collecting note payments to a bank. A trademark owner transfers, gives, or sells another person interest in the trademark. To be effective, an assignment must contain parties with legal capacity, consideration, consent, and legality of object.
Examples of an Assignment
For an options assignment, the writer (seller) of the option will have the obligation to sell (if a call option) or buy (if a put option) the designated number of shares of stock at the agreed upon price (strike price). For instance, If the writer sold calls then he/she would be obligated to sell stock, and the process is often referred to as having the stock called away. For puts, the buyer of the option sells their stock (puts their stock) to the writer.
A wage assignment is a forced payment of an obligation by automatic withholding from an employee’s pay. Courts issue wage assignments for people late with child or spousal support, taxes, loans, or other obligations. Money is automatically subtracted from a worker's paycheck without consent if they have a history of nonpayment. For example, a person delinquent on $100 monthly loan payments has a wage assignment deducting the money from their paycheck and sent to the lender. Wage assignments are helpful in paying back long-term debts.
A mortgage assignment is where a mortgage deed gives a lender interest in a mortgaged property in return for payments received. Lenders often sell mortgages to third parties, such as other lenders. A mortgage assignment document clarifies the assignment of contract and instructs the borrower in making future mortgage payments, and potentially modifies the mortgage terms.
A lease assignment benefits a relocating tenant wanting to end a lease early or a landlord looking for rent payments to pay creditors. Once the new tenant signs the lease, taking over responsibility for rent payments and other obligations, the previous tenant is released from those responsibilities. In a separate lease assignment, a landlord agrees to pay a creditor through an assignment of rent due under rental property leases. The agreement is used to pay a mortgage lender if the landlord defaults on the loan or files bankruptcy. Any rental income would then be paid directly to the lender.