What Is Base Pay?
Base pay is the initial salary paid to an employee, not including any benefits, bonuses, or raises. It is the rate of compensation an employee receives in exchange for services. An employee's base pay can be expressed as an hourly rate, or as a weekly, monthly, or annual salary.
- Base pay is an employee's standard rate of pay, and which does not include benefits, bonuses, raises, or other compensation.
- Base pay can be expressed as an hourly rate or as an annual salary.
- Annual pay calculations include the items not included in base bay calculations, namely benefits, bonuses, raises, and overtime.
Understanding Base Pay
Base pay does not include all forms of compensation; for instance, shift differential pay, on-call pay, pay for special assignments, and incentive-based pay are typically excluded from base pay. As a general rule, an employee's base pay is the minimum amount they should expect to receive during a specified pay period, excluding additional financial or tangible compensation that may increase the total pay above this level.
Base pay rates vary significantly between professions. In general, professions requiring advanced education and specialized skill sets pay higher base rates than jobs that call for basic skills. In competitive fields, employers often offer attractive base pay rates to recruit highly qualified applicants.
In addition to paying high base salaries, companies may woo prospective employees with additional perks, including a generous benefits package, retirement plan, bonuses, investment options, and tangible rewards, such as a company vehicle or paid leisure travel. These extras can substantially increase a company's likelihood of hiring and retaining top-notch personnel.
Types of Base Pay
Salaried Employees vs. Hourly Employees
In contrast to hourly employees who are compensated for the exact number of hours they work in a pay period, a salaried employee is usually expected to work a minimum number of hours in exchange for his base pay. Some companies do not require salaried employees to keep track of their hours.
Many workers who receive a base salary are exempt from federal labor laws governing overtime compensation. Consequently, they do not receive overtime pay if they work more than the minimum hours required by the employer. Some positions may necessitate working significantly more hours than the typical 40-hour workweek.
Some salary employees that make $47,476 annually or less are entitled to overtime pay for any hours worked over 40 during a week.
Base vs. Annual Pay
While base pay excludes supplemental compensation received in the course of employment, annual pay takes into account actual earnings over the course of the year. Annual pay may be significantly higher than the base pay, since it may include bonuses, overtime, benefits, or awards.
Annual pay also factors in any amounts paid by an employer for a worker's medical, dental, and life insurance policies. The sum of these premiums is added to the base rate, along with other forms of compensation, such as overtime or bonuses, to calculate the amount of pay that was actually received in a calendar year.