DEFINITION of 'Call Swaption'

A type of option between two parties that can be exercised on a swap where the buyer of the swap has the right, but not obligation, to receive an agreed upon fixed interest rate. The buyer pays a premium for the right to swap at this fixed rate. Short for a call swap option, a call swaption can be used as a hedging tool to avoid risk if a bond issuer believes interest rates might decrease.

Also known as a receiver swaption.

BREAKING DOWN 'Call Swaption'

When a buyer feels it will be beneficial, he may enter into a call swaption, which will allow him to swap interest rates. The buyer of the option receives a fixed rate, compared to a put swaption where the buyer pays a fixed rate.

This type of swap occurs in forex trading as a currency swap where the interest paid is also agreed upon.

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