What is Cash Available For Distribution - CAD

Cash available for distribution (CAD) is a real estate investment trust's (REIT) cash-on-hand that is available to be distributed as shareholder dividends. The value is calculated by finding the funds from operations (FFO) and subtracting recurring capital expenditures. Also referred to as funds available for distribution (FAD).

BREAKING DOWN Cash Available For Distribution - CAD

Cash available for distribution (CAD) is not a standardized formula in the REIT sector, but it is generally defined as the difference between FFO and recurring expenses. Recurring capital expenses that are typically subtracted from the FFO to determine the CAD value include replacing building roofs, HVAC system repairs, resurfacing of parking lots and other significant routine maintenance. Some REITs may choose to deduct tenant improvements, straight-lining of rents or leasing commissions from FFO.

The National Association Real Estate Investment Trusts (Nareit), a trade group for the industry, defines FFO as net income + depreciation - gain on property sale + loss on property sale. An expanded formula for FFO: net income + depreciation and amortization - interest income + interest expense - gain on property sale + loss on property sale - income from unconsolidated ventures + loss from unconsolidated ventures.

A Measure of Financial Strength

To income-oriented investors, cash available for distribution is a key metric to assess a REIT's strength. REITs can increase it organically or through an acquisition. In October 2017, Potlatch Corporation announced its intention to merge with Deltic Timber Corporation to increase the size and scope of timberland and lumber manufacturing operations. In highlighting the combined "robust financial profile," the company projected that CAD per share will be accretive in the first full year (post-closing of the transaction) and 5% CAD accretive in the second year.