DEFINITION of 'Concurrent Insurance'

Two or more insurance policies that provide coverage for the same risks over the same period of time. Concurrent insurance is most often used when an insured person or business purchases policies in addition to a primary policy, with the additional policies providing excess coverage.

BREAKING DOWN 'Concurrent Insurance'

If an individual or business believes that a particular peril poses a significant risk that cannot be effectively covered by a single policy, purchasing additional policies may be a prudent course of action if the cost is not prohibitive.

Determining which insurance policy pays for a covered loss can be difficult. The insurers will seek to shift claim responsibility to the policies that they did not underwrite, and may take the issue to court. The courts thus are responsible for determining who pays - a process called apportionment. Insurers will examine their own policy language as well as that of the other policies in order to make a case that a different policy is more specific to the covered loss.

Insurance policy contracts often include clauses outlining the framework that it uses for apportioning coverage when a risk is also covered by other policies. The three primary categories of apportionment are pro rata, excess, and no-liability. For example, the policy may say that it will only provide coverage in excess of the coverage provided by other policies. If this same claim is used in each policy, the general rule is that the language cancels each other out, and each insurer will be responsible for a proportional amount of coverage, called pro rata.

Due to the complexity of policy language, courts may provide a ranking of the order of policies when it comes to which policy is required to offer coverage and by how much. This order is determined by the language of each of the insurance contracts, but may also use other factors such as the amount of premiums paid.

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