What Is a Demand Draft?
A demand draft is a method used by an individual to make a transfer payment from one bank account to another. Demand drafts differ from regular normal checks in that they do not require signatures to be cashed. In 2005, due to the increasing fraudulent use of demand drafts, the Federal Reserve proposed new regulations increasing a victim's right to claim a refund and holding banks more accountable for cashing fraudulent checks.
- A demand draft is a way to initiate a bank transfer that does not require a signature, as is the case with a check.
- A demand draft is a prepaid instrument; therefore, you cannot stop payment on it in the case of fraud or mis-intended recipient.
- Because demand drafts can be used to defraud people, there are regulations now in place that allow victims to recover funds from the holding bank.
Understanding Demand Drafts
When a bank prepares a demand draft, the amount of the draft is taken from the account of the customer requesting the draft and is transferred to an account at another bank. The drawer is the person requesting the demand draft; the bank paying the money is the drawee; the party receiving the money is the payee. Demand drafts were originally designed to benefit legitimate telemarketers who needed to withdraw funds from customer checking accounts using their bank account numbers and bank routing numbers.
For example, if a small business owner purchases products from another company on credit, the small business owner asks his bank to send a demand draft to the company for payment of the products, making him the drawer. The bank issues the draft, making it the drawee. After the draft matures, the owner of the other company brings the demand draft to his bank and collects his payment, making him the payee.
Demand Drafts Versus Checks
A demand draft is issued by a bank while a check is issued by an individual. Also, a demand draft is drawn by an employee of a bank while a check is drawn by a customer of a bank. Payment of a demand draft may not be stopped by the drawer as it may with a check.
Because a demand draft is a prepaid instrument, payment cannot be stopped, whereas payment of a check may be denied for insufficient funds.
Although a check can be hand-delivered, this is not the case with a demand draft. The draft may be drawn regardless of whether an individual holds an account at the bank while a check may be written only by an account holder.
Real World Example of a Demand Draft
For five days in July 2016, the fourth series of the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SBS) in India let investors purchase gold bonds with 2.75% interest, payable semiannually. Individuals, Hindu undivided families, trusts, nonprofit organizations, and universities were able to purchase a minimum subscription of 1 gram and a maximum of 500 grams per investor. Payment was to be made with cash, demand draft, check, or electronic banking.