What Is a Depository Transfer Check?

A depository transfer check (DTC) is used by a designated collection bank to deposit the daily receipts of a corporation from multiple locations. Depository transfer checks are a way to ensure better cash management for companies, which collect cash at multiple locations.

Data is transferred by a third-party information service from each location, from which DTCs are created for each deposit location. This information is then entered into the check-processing system at the destination bank for deposit.

Understanding Depository Transfer Checks

Depository transfer checks are used by companies to collect revenue from multiple locations, which are then deposited in one lump sum at a bank or other institution. They are also called depository transfer drafts.

The third-party information service used to transfer the data does so through a concentration bank. A concentration bank is the organization's primary financial institution, or where it conducts the majority of its financial transactions. The concentration bank then creates DTCs for each deposit location, which is entered into the system.

Key Takeaways

  • Companies use depository transfer checks in order to have a better cash management system.
  • Depository transfer checks (DTC) may look similar to a deposit check but they do not have signatures on them.
  • Automatic clearing house systems are replacing depository transfer check systems but some companies continue to use DTCs for deposits.
  • Depository transfer checks are not the same thing as overnight deposits. 

A depository transfer check looks like a personal check, except that "Depository Transfer Check" is written across the top center of the face of the check. These instruments are non-negotiable and do not bear a signature.

DTCs are not to be confused with overnight deposits. Businesses are given a key for a secured dropbox. Deposits, which are placed in a bag with deposit slips, are dropped off in this dropbox after business hours. The bank opens the drop box in the morning and deposits the overnight deposit into the business' checking account.

DTCs vs. Automatic Clearing House (ACH) Systems

DTC-based systems have slowly been replaced by Automatic Clearing House (ACH). ACH systems are electronic funds-transfer systems that generally deal with payroll, direct deposit, tax refunds, consumer bills, and other payment systems in the United States. Roughly 10,000 institutions across the country use ACHs, which are considered to be faster, cheaper, and more efficient.

Firms that are not part of an ACH network must still use DTCs.

Special Considerations

As noted above, depository transfer checks enable companies to better manage their inflows. Corporate cash management is generally managed by a corporate treasurer, particularly if the firm is quite large.

For example, Goldman Sachs has a robust treasury team to ensure its cash is managed in a manner that maintains its value and mitigates several key risks, related to changes in interest rates, credit, currency, commodities, and operations. Cash management is critical to ensuring a company's financial stability and solvency or its ability to meet its long-term financial obligations.

DTCs and ACHs can help some organizations track cash inflows. These systems often help organize accounts receivable (AR), along with collection rates.