What Is a Fee?

A fee is a fixed price charged for a specific service. Fees are applied in a variety of ways such as costs, charges, commissions, and penalties. Fees are most commonly found in heavily transactional services and are paid in lieu of a wage or salary.

Key Takeaways

  • Most often, fees are the payment one makes for service, both basic—mowing a lawn, for example, and complex—like drafting a will or preparing your taxes.
  • Sometimes there is more than one fee charged for a service (i.e., buying a plane ticket for X amount of money, but getting hit with luggage fees and travel fees).
  • There are government (local and federal) fees connected with obtaining licenses, such as a driver’s license or a passport.
  • Fees can add up fast, for example, credit card companies often charge hefty fees for late charges. 
  • Some services use hidden fees to pad their bills with unexpected costs. Asking about hidden fees (or simply fees that are not obvious) may save you from a higher bill than expected.

How a Fee Works

Fees are most often associated with transactional relationships, specifically to professionals who provide services. In some cases, a fee is charged when an individual hires a business to do a specific task, such as cleaning a house or filing taxes. This type of fee is often the most transparent and transactional, as it represents payment for the sole reason a fee-charging business was hired. Examples of transactional fees include mortgage fees and fees for wiring money.

It is important to read the fine print in contracts and ask questions about any and all fees in order to not be surprised by "hidden fees" for a product or service.

Types of Fees

Individuals and businesses pay fees for a wide variety of reasons. An individual may pay a financial advisor a fee for helping choose and manage investments, and a family may pay a fee to a real estate broker when selling a home. A business may pay a fee to an accountant to help manage its books, and to a security company to make sure that the building is protected after work hours.

Governments may charge fees for obtaining a business license or an individual passport. Investment institutions may charge a quarterly maintenance fee for accounts, and banks may charge overdraft fees when cardholders overdraw their accounts.

Banking and Investment Fees

Fees charged by banks are less likely to be transactional in the sense that the account holder has not requested a service. In some cases, as when an account is overdrawn or a credit card payment is made late, a fee is charged as a penalty.

In other cases, such as when a bank charges a monthly fee to checking account holders, the fee has little to do with the cost of maintaining the accounts. Regulations targeting the activities of banks have reduced or eliminated traditional sources of revenue, prompting these organizations to find other sources.

Investors who trade stocks, mutual funds, and options face a variety of fees. Equity trades often carry a per trade fee known as a trade commission, while options trades include both a per trade fee and a per-contract fee.

Fees paid for margin trading vary according to the outstanding margin balance, with a lower fee rate levied on higher balances. An investor looking to put some money into mutual funds may be faced with costs like the management expense ratio (MER) and fees associated with load funds.

A La Carte Fees

Fees can also be charged in situations in which a customer requests additional services. These à la carte fees are commonly found in transactions related to travel. For example, a travel package may include the option of having ground transportation waiting for the customer upon arrival at a port of call. One of the more recognizable examples involves baggage on flights, as airlines often allow passengers to bring one carry-on item for free but charge for any bags that are checked.

Hidden Fees

Have you ever noticed that your phone or cable bill or the price you paid for your dream vacation may be higher than you expected? That may be due to extra fees tacked on to the original charge. While most consumers expect to pay specific fees for the services they use, there may be additional charges added on that they may not necessarily be aware of at the time they signed up. These are called hidden or undisclosed fees, which may be a one-time charge and may appear in fine print on a contract. These are charged by a variety of companies such as banks, credit cards, cellphone, cable and Internet providers, brokers and insurance firms, and those in the travel industry.

Hidden fees can cost consumers billions of dollars a year (and, in turn, make big profits for corporations) and are usually regulated at the state and federal level. According to a 2016 report from the National Economic Council, these fees can often be deceptive because they muddy the purchase price for consumers. The report states that fees have steadily increased in the airline, hotel, and related industries.

Example of a Hidden Fee

For example, one hotel may charge travelers $110 per night. But if you’re looking for a deal, you may opt for cheaper accommodations at another hotel at a rate of $100 per night. But there may be a $10 resort fee at the time of booking or even at a later date. These charges are not typically part of the price advertised.

Some hotels will justify these fees for amenities like swimming pools or gym access. Even though the cost may be the same in the end, the $100 per night rate may still be attractive to the consumer, despite the hidden fee.

Warning

Securities traders may face multiple fees and expenses. It is important to carefully study the fee schedule before trading to avoid losing profits.

The Bottom Line

Fees are an unpleasant but expected part of transactional relationships, especially when there are additional charges by third parties. While some additional costs are to be expected for various services, the abuse of hidden fees is a potentially unethical way of squeezing extra revenue from unsuspecting customers.

Fee FAQs

What Is an HOA Fee?

HOA Fees are charged by a Homeowner's Association to pay for maintenance of public areas, security, and other services to improve the neighborhood. They may also be used to remunerate elected HOA officials and to defray legal costs.

How Much Is a PayPal Fee?

As of May 31, 2021, Paypal transactions and donations are free for senders in the United States. Most merchant fees are 2.9%, but they are slightly lower for QR code transactions. There are additional fees for international transactions (1.5%) and fixed fees for currency transactions.

There is a separate fee schedule for cryptocurrency transactions, which cost between 1.5% and 2.3%, in addition to the normal cost spread.

What Is a Retainer Fee?

A retainer fee is an upfront payment to engage a consultant, lawyer, accountant, or other professional. A typical retainer fee does not represent the final cost of the transaction. The specialist may return money from the retainer if the work finishes early, or bill additional time if the retainer is insufficient.

What Does Fee Simple Mean?

Fee simple is a term in real estate, referring to full and irrevocable ownership of an area of land and any buildings on it. This is the highest form of real estate ownership recognized by law. When a landowner in fee simple dies, their land is divided among their heirs.

What Is a Balance Transfer Fee?

A balance transfer fee is the cost of transferring debt from one lender to another, or in other words, the cost of using one loan to pay another. Balance transfer fees are common in credit cards, many of which have low introductory rates. A typical balance transfer fee ranges from 1%–3%.

What Is a Loan Origination Fee?

A loan origination fee is an additional fee charged by lenders to pay for the costs of executing a loan. A typical origination fee is 0.5% to 1% of the total loan value and is used to defray the cost of processing, underwriting, and executing a loan contract.

What Is a Rehoming Fee?

A rehoming fee is a fee charged by animal shelters or owners for the adoption of an animal. In addition to defraying the costs of food and veterinary care, a high rehoming fee can prevent animals from being used for unethical purposes.