What Is a Focused Fund?
A focused fund is a mutual fund that holds a only relatively small variety of stocks or bonds that are similar along some dimension. By definition, a focused mutual fund focuses on a limited number stocks in a limited number of sectors, rather than holding a broad or diversified mix of positions. Focused funds tend to hold positions in roughly 20-30 companies or less, unlike many funds which hold positions well more than 100 companies.
- A focused fund is a category of mutual fund that invests in a small number of securities that are each related in some way.
- A sector fund, for instance, will hold only stocks that are in a particular industry segment and have been carefully researched for inclusion.
- Focused funds give pinpointed market exposure, rather than a broad diversified portfolio.
Understanding Focused Funds
Mutual funds are often marketed as a good way to diversify a portfolio of investments. Indeed, most mutual funds are designed to hold a position in a large number of companies, with various pre-defined weights, saving the investor the trouble of selecting each security individually. This diversification allows an investor to gain access to the equity risk premium while minimizing risk and volatility.
However, some investors feel that diversification can also limit returns by spreading money from several sectors or companies, not all of which are likely to outperform at the same time. If an investor feels strongly that a certain sector or industry will outperform shortly, he or she can increase returns by concentrating investments in that sector.
Many sector ETFs have the characteristics of a focused fund.
Focused funds allocate their holdings between a limited number of carefully researched securities. Although they do not experience the benefits of diversification because of the "search for quality" strategy, focused funds rely on research expertise for the above-average stock picking. As a result, returns tend to be more volatile. This fund is also known as an "under-diversified fund" or "concentrated fund."
Example of a Focused Fund
The Fidelity Focused Stock Fund has the following principal investing strategies:
- Normally investing at least 80% of assets in stocks
- Normally investing primarily in common stocks
- Normally investing in 30-80 stocks
- Investing in domestic and foreign issuers
- Investing in either "growth" stocks or "value" stocks or both
- Using fundamental analysis of factors such as each issuer's financial condition and industry position, as well as market and economic conditions, to select investments
The Fidelity Focused Stock Fund had a 10-year annualized return of 10.12%, as of April 30, 2018, compared to 9.02% for its benchmark, the Standard & Poor’s 500 index. The Fidelity Focused Stock Fund has a gross expense ratio of 0.57%. Its 10 largest holdings, as of April 30, 2018 were:
- ADOBE SYSTEMS INC
- SQUARE INC CL A
- S&P GLOBAL INC
- INTUIT INC
- UNION PACIFIC CORP
- MICROSOFT CORP
- HUMANA INC
- SCHWAB CHARLES CORP
- PAYPAL HLDGS INC
- BANK OF AMERICA CORPORATION
Combined, these ten holding accounted for 53.22% of the total fund.